1,800-year-old statue found in Turkey's 'City of the Mother Goddess'

Headless 1,800-year-old statue of a robed woman is unearthed in Turkey’s ancient city of Metropolisknown to the Romans as the ‘City of the Mother Goddess

  • She is considered well-preserved, though her head and both arms are missing
  • The figure was found in the ruins of Roman-era Metropolis in West Turkey
  • The area has been inhabited for over 8,000 年, with Metropolis founded by the Greeks in approximately 300 紀元前
  • に 2020, four cisterns big enough to hold 600 tons of water were uncovered in the city’s acropolis
  • Archaeologists in western Turkey have unearthed a 1,800-year-old marble statue from the ancient ruins of Metropolis, known as ‘City of the Mother Goddessduring the Roman period.

    今月上旬, the Turkish Culture and Tourism Ministry’s Department 発表 the discovery of the Roman-era statue, a robed female figure with her head and both arms missing.

    The limbs were probably attached separately, according to Art News, though more work needs to be done to uncover the identity of the figure, 研究者は言う.

    The current excavation is a collaboration between the ministry and Celal Bayar University in Manisa, 七面鳥.

    Metropolis (Greek for ‘mother state’) was a name bestowed on various cities, though this one is in Western Turkey’s Torbali municipality, 約 25 miles from modern-day Izmir, the country’s third largest city.

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    An 1,800-year-old sculpture of a robed woman was discovered in the ruins of Metropolis, an important trade post in West Turkey during the Roman Empire

    An 1,800-year-old sculpture of a robed woman was discovered in the ruins of Metropolis, an important trade post in West Turkey during the Roman Empire

    Humans have occupied the land for 少なくとも 8,000 年, since the Neolithic period.

    Artifacts indicate it was inhabited by Hittites during the Bronze Age (when it was known as Puranda), and was also active during the Hellenistic, ローマ人, Byzantine and Ottoman periods.

    It was founded as Metropolis by the Greeks in roughly 300 BC and, despite its matriarchal name, was home to one of only two known temples devoted to Ares, the Greek god of War.

    The sculpture dates to Metropolis’ Roman era—when the empire controlled Anatolia, the portion of Turkey located on the Asian continent.

    Roman scientist-philosopher Ptolemy described the town as an important trading post in Lydia, about halfway along the ancient trade routes between Smyrna and Ephesus.








    Though the figure's head and arms are missing archaeologists say she is otherwise quite well-preserved

    Though the figure’s head and arms are missing archaeologists say she is otherwise quite well-preserved

    Field work began in the region in the 1970s, with excavations at Metropolis starting in the mid-1980s.

    それ以来, archaeologists have uncovered more than 11,000 artifacts, according to Art News, including coins, ceramics, そのため、平均購入価格は上昇しています, ivory and metal objects.

    The city ‘has a deep-rooted history dating back to prehistoric times,’ Celal Bayar University archaeologist Serdar Aybek told the Turkish-language Demirören News Agency in January, according to an English-language report in Arkeonews.

    ‘It has the fertility brought by the Küçük Menderes River. It is a region that has always been settled.

    Field work began in the region in the 1970s, with excavations at Metropolis starting in the mid-1980s. 写真: Archaeologists carefully excavate the marble statue

    Field work began in the region in the 1970s, with excavations at Metropolis starting in the mid-1980s. 写真: Archaeologists carefully excavate the marble statue

    Humans have occupied the land for at least 8,000 年, since the Neolithic period. The statue was made at a time when the Roman Empire controlled Anatolia, the portion of Turkey located on the  Asian continent

    Humans have occupied the land for at least 8,000 年, since the Neolithic period. The statue was made at a time when the Roman Empire controlled Anatolia, the portion of Turkey located on the Asian continent

    The statue was found in the ruins of Metropolis, a trade center in Western Turkey during the Roman Era. Nicknamed the 'City of the Mother Goddess' by Romans, the remains of the city were opened to tourists in 2014

    The statue was found in the ruins of Metropolis, a trade center in Western Turkey during the Roman Era. Nicknamed the ‘City of the Mother Goddessby Romans, the remains of the city were opened to tourists in 2014

    Notable finds include a Hellenistic marble seat of honor uncovered in the outdoor theater, elaborate Roman baths featuring sculptures of Zeus and Thyke, goddess of good fortune, as well as other Roman-era buildings including a sports complex, government building, various shops, galleries and public toilets.

    最近になって, four massive interlocking cisterns big enough to hold 600 tons of water were uncovered in the city’s acropolis last year.

    The city of Metropolis, where the statue was unearthed, is located in the Torbali region of Turkey's Izmir Province

    The city of Metropolis, where the statue was unearthed, is located in the Torbali region of Turkey’s Izmir Province

    It’s believed they were used during the Late Roman period and may have been helpful when the city was under siege by invaders.

    In the 12th and 13th centuries, when the cisterns were no longer used to provide water, they became a garbage dump, with animal bones, broken ceramics and other detritus of daily life found on the site, according to the Daily Sabah.

    The Turkish government opened the ‘City of the Mother Goddessto tourists に 2014.

    ANATOLIA: WHEN DID ROME RULE TURKEY?

    Roman legions invaded Anatolia, the portion of Turkey situated on the continent of Asia in the early 2nd century BC.

    沿って 129 紀元前, the Roman republic claimed Anatolia, also known as Asia Minor, as its own, establishing the city of Ephesus as its regional capital.

    Roman rule continued in Turkey after the rise of the Roman Empire, with Constantine the Great inaugurating a new imperial capital at Constantinople (now Istanbul) in the 4th century AD.

    But after the sacking of Rome in 410, a schism developed and Constantinople became the heart of the new Eastern Roman Empire, also known as Byzantium.

    に 1453, Constantinople fell to Sultan Mehmed II and became part of the Ottomans empire.

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