Ancient pots linked to beer drinking 9,000 years ago found in China

World’s oldest-known painted pots dating back to7000BC were used by Chinese mourners to toast their dead with BEER

  • Scientists have found evidence of beer drinking 9,000 years ago in southern China that was likely part of a ritual to honor the deceased
  • Experts found 20 ancient pots in a platform mound that was surrounded by a human-made ditch
  • Two human skeletons were also found along with 20 pottery vessels, some of which were decorated
  • The beer was made from rice, Job’s tear and unidentified tubers
  • It’s likely the pottery was used to celebrate the dead in rituals
  • This gives new meaning to the phrase, ‘this bud’s for you.

    Scientists have discovered evidence of beer drinking 9,000 years ago in southern 중국 that was likely part of a ritual to honor the recently deceased, akin to a modern-day funeral repast.

    Experts from Dartmouth University found 20 ancient pots in a platform mound that was surrounded by a human-made ditch – 중에서 10 과 15 미터 (32 and 49ft) wide and at least 1.5-2m (5-6.5ft) deepat a burial site at Qiaotou in the Zhejiang province.

    Scientists have found evidence of beer drinking 9,000 years ago in southern China that was likely part of a ritual to honor the deceased. Two human skeletons (비) were also found along with 20 pottery vessels, some of which were decorated

    Scientists have found evidence of beer drinking 9,000 years ago in southern China that was likely part of a ritual to honor the deceased. Two human skeletons (비) were also found along with 20 pottery vessels, some of which were decorated

    It's likely the pottery was used to celebrate the dead in rituals. Some of the pottery was decorated with abstract designs

    It’s likely the pottery was used to celebrate the dead in rituals. Some of the pottery was decorated with abstract designs

    The researchers also found two human skeletons at the site, along with the pottery vessels, some of which were decorated with abstract designs.

    It’s likely that since the pottery was found near burials in a ‘non-residential area,’ the researchers believe they were used to celebrate the dead in rituals.

    ‘The discard contexts suggest that beer drinking was critical for funerary rituals,’ the authors wrote in the study.

    The discovery was made on a platform mound surrounded by a human-made ditch at a burial site at Qiaotou in the Zhejiang province of China

    The discovery was made on a platform mound surrounded by a human-made ditch at a burial site at Qiaotou in the Zhejiang province of China

    그들은 계속했다: ‘The beer at Qiaotou was likely served in rituals to commemorate the burial of the dead. Ritualized drinking probably played an integrative role in maintaining social relationships, paving the way for the rise of complex farming societies four millennia later.

    It’s believed the pottery are examples of ‘the earliest known painted pottery in the world,’ according to the study.

    The pottery that was found was all different shapes and sizessome could be held in one hand, similar to a cup, while others were significantly larger.

    Seven of the 20 pots that were found look like long-necked Hu pots.

    Seven of the 20 pots that were found look like long-necked Hu pots, which have narrow necks and globular bodies (ㅏ, b and d)

    Seven of the 20 pots that were found look like long-necked Hu pots, which have narrow necks and globular bodies (ㅏ, b and d)

    ‘The long-necked hu pots [used to drink alcohol years later] are distinctive by their narrow necks, globular bodies, and slightly flaring and folded rims,’ the authors wrote in the study.

    The beer that was held in the pottery was made from rice, a grain known as Job’s tear and unidentified tubers, the study’s co-author, Dartmouth assistant professor Jiajing Wang said in a 성명서.

    ‘This ancient beer though would not have been like the IPA that we have today. 대신, it was likely a slightly fermented and sweet beverage, which was probably cloudy in color.

    The researchers looked at the microfossil residuelocating certain microbotanical and microbial bacteriaon the ancient pottery and compared them from soil in the surrounding area to confirm that they were used for drinking alcohol.

    The residue also showed evidence of phytoliths of rice husks and other plants that may have been used to ferment the beer.

    ‘We don’t know how people made the mold 9,000 여러 해 전에, as fermentation can happen naturally,’ says Wang.

    ‘If people had some leftover rice and the grains became moldy, they may have noticed that the grains became sweeter and alcoholic with age. While people may not have known the biochemistry associated with grains that became moldy, they probably observed the fermentation process and leveraged it through trial and error.

    There were also traces of mold found on the pots, though Wang said it’s unclear how they made it 9,000 여러 해 전에.

    ‘We don’t know how people made the mold 9,000 여러 해 전에, as fermentation can happen naturally,’ Wang added.

    There were also traces of mold found on the pots, though one of the study's authors said it's unclear how they made it 9,000 여러 해 전에

    There were also traces of mold found on the pots, though one of the study’s authors said it’s unclear how they made it 9,000 여러 해 전에

    ‘If people had some leftover rice and the grains became moldy, they may have noticed that the grains became sweeter and alcoholic with age. While people may not have known the biochemistry associated with grains that became moldy, they probably observed the fermentation process and leveraged it through trial and error.

    Since 'rice harvesting and processing may have been a labor-intensive task' 9,000 여러 해 전에, it's likely that the beer was of significant importance during the burial rituals

    Since ‘rice harvesting and processing may have been a labor-intensive task’ 9,000 여러 해 전에, it’s likely that the beer was of significant importance during the burial rituals

    Since ‘rice harvesting and processing may have been a labor-intensive task’ 9,000 여러 해 전에, it’s likely that the beer was of significant importance during the burial rituals.

    The study has been published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE.

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