Apocalyptic scenes captured on island which did Anthrax experiments

Apocalyptic scenes are captured on an island where government scientists experimented with Anthrax after a fire rages across the land

  • It’s reported the fire, described as ‘apocalypticspread throughout the island
  • There is a weekend wildfire warning in place as Scottish public urged ‘take care
  • Gruinard Island was put off limits to humans in 1940s until the late 20th Century
  • The Ministry of Defence declared the Scottish island free of Anthrax in 1990
  • Apocalyptic scenes have been captured of fire raging across a Scottish island where government scientists had experimented with Anthrax.

    Gruinard Island, off the west coast of Scotland, is uninhabited and the scenes of a huge blaze engulfing it were seen by those on the mainland on Saturday night.

    The news comes as the Scottish public were urged ‘take carefollowing a wildfire warning in force over the weekend.

    The small island, just 2km long by 1km, was put off limits to humans in the 1940s until the late 20th Century, when it was decontaminated from the deadly disease.

    The Ministry of Defence declared the Scottish island free of Anthrax in 1990.

    Apocalyptic scenes, 写真, have been captured of fire raging across the Scottish Gruinard island where government scientists had experimented with Anthrax

    Apocalyptic scenes, 写真, have been captured of fire raging across the Scottish Gruinard island where government scientists had experimented with Anthrax

    Gruinard Island, off the west coast of Scotland, where biological warfare testing was carried out in the 1940s

    Gruinard Island, off the west coast of Scotland, where biological warfare testing was carried out in the 1940s

    Gruinard Island, off the west coast of Scotland, is uninhabited and a small island just 2km long by 1km

    Gruinard Island, off the west coast of Scotland, is uninhabited and a small island just 2km long by 1km

    による BBC, Kate Gearing and her daughter Nessie were going home to Aultbea, a small fishing village in the North-West Highlands of Scotland, at 8.30pm last night when they spotted the blaze.

    Ms Gearing, 25, said the huge fire scene raging across the island was ‘apocalyptic,’ and looked like ‘hell fire’.

    She added ‘There was a string of flames around the whole circumference of the island.

    ‘We could hear birds crying, 悲鳴を上げる, and then suddenly there was silencebut the flames went on, it was awful.

    She also had concerns about the anthrax, which was tested on the island.

    What is anthrax and how was the infectious disease developed into a weapon for bioterrorism?

    Anthrax spores have been weaponised by at least five countries: 英国, 日本, ブリンケンは、会議がラブロフと進めば, Russia and Iraq

    Anthrax spores have been weaponised by at least five countries: 英国, 日本, ブリンケンは、会議がラブロフと進めば, Russia and Iraq

    Anthrax is the name of the potentially-deadly disease caused by the spores of bacteria Bacillus anthracis.

    As the disease can survive in harsh climates, Anthrax spores have been weaponised by at least five countries: 英国, 日本, ブリンケンは、会議がラブロフと進めば, Russia and Iraq.

    The disease can be contracted by touching, inhaling or swallowing spores, which can lie dormant in water and soil for years.

    It is most deadly, しかしながら, when the spores are inhaled, which is why the threat of a letter containing the disease is taken very seriously by authorities.

    約 80 per cent of people who inhale the spores will die, in some cases even with immediate medical intervention.

    Use as a biological weapon

    Anthrax’s first documented use as a weapon of warfare was by the Japanese in the 1930s, where thousands of prisoners of war were intentionally infected and died.

    British trials of the disease on Gruinard Island in Scotland in 1942 severely contaminated the land for half a century, making it a no-go area until 1990.

    The disease is particularly dangerous as its spores can be cultivated with minimal scientific training and special equipment.

    Letters containing the deadly spores was mailed to several news outlets and the offices of two politicians in America, in what came to be known as the 2001 Anthrax attacks.

    に 2008, biodefence researcher Dr Bruce Ivins was named as a suspect but committed suicide before he could face any charges

    Letters containing the deadly spores was mailed to several news outlets and the offices of two politicians in America, in what came to be known as the 2001 Anthrax attacks

    Biodefence researcher Dr Bruce Ivins (左) is the sole suspect of the 2001 Anthrax attacks, in whcih letters (正しい) containing the disease were mailed across the USA

    結果として, 22 were infected and five people died after just a few grams who used across all the letters.

    に 2008, biodefence researcher Dr Bruce Ivins was named as a suspect but committed suicide before he could face any charges.

    What are the symptoms of Anthrax?

    Once inside the body they become active and start producing toxins, which cause the disease and manifest and spread.

    Symptoms range from blisters to shortness of breath or diarrhea, depending on how it enters the body.

    The vast majority of cases are caused by skin contact. This is the least deadly form of the disease, と 75 per cent of patients surviving without treatment.

    Anthrax naturally infects many species of grazing mammals such as sheep, cattle and goats, which are infected through ingestion of soil contaminated by B. anthracis spores. The spores may remain dormant for many years.

    Infection generally occurs 1 に 7 days after exposure but occasionally, if inhaled, cases may present 2 に 3 ヵ月後.

    Sources: NHS and US Centers for Disease Control

    広告

    Scientists studied the effects of anthrax in 1942 by putting bacteria in bombs and detonating them near a herd of sheep on the island.

    The disease is particularly dangerous as its spores can be cultivated with minimal scientific training and special equipment.

    Scotland Fire and Rescue Service is aware of the fire on Saturday but does not manage fires on the island as its uninhabited, it told the BBC.

    A wildfire warning has been in place in Scotland since Friday and lasts until Wednesday, 30 行進.

    People who live, work or are visiting rural areas, 特に, are being urged to exercise the utmost caution to avoid fires breaking out.

    Scotland Fire and Rescue Service is aware of the fire on Saturday night, 写真, but does not manage fires on the island as its uninhabited, it told the BBC

    Scotland Fire and Rescue Service is aware of the fire on Saturday night, 写真, but does not manage fires on the island as its uninhabited, it told the BBC

    Scotland Fire and Rescue Service group commander, Niall MacLennan said: ‘Numerous wildfires across Scotland this week, including large fires on Ben Lomond and near Mallaig have shown how real the danger of fire is in the countryside and how damaging it can be to the environment, wildlife and nearby communities.

    ‘With rising temperatures this weekend and further dry conditions into next week, wildfires could burn and spread with very high intensity in high-risk areas.

    「したがって、, we are asking people to act responsibly when enjoying the outdoors and please think twice before using anything involving a naked flame.