Author Robert Harris says Neville Chamberlain deserves more credit

‘The silly old man with his umbrellawho SAVED Britain: Author Robert Harris behind new Netflix film Munich says Neville Chamberlain is a ‘convenientscapegoat for WWIIbut his ‘shrewdAppeasement deal with Hitler bought UK vital time to arm for war

  • The Munich Agreement ceded the Sudetenland region of what was then Czechoslovakia to Hitler
  • Was hoped the concession would be enough to avoid Europe-wide armed conflict after months of tensions
  • Hitler rode roughshod over the deal the following year by annexing all of Czechoslovakia and invading Poland
  • Chamberlain was ridiculed domestically for attempting to appease Hitler in a deal that failed spectacularly
  • Praat eksklusief met MailOnline, Mr Harris said Chamberlain’s policy was ‘shrewdand bought Britain time
  • Right up until he shot himself on April 30, 1945, the defeated Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler regretted the deal he struck with British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain in September 1938.

    The famous Munich Agreement, which was also signed by Frankryk en Italië, ceded the Sudetenland region of what was then Czechoslovakia to Hitler in the hope that the concession would be enough to avoid Europe-wide armed conflict after months of tensions caused by Duitsland‘s territorial ambitions.

    But the deal also destroyed Hitler’s plans, because he had been preparing to use the issue of the Sudetenlandwhich had been taken from Germany in the Treaty of Versailles after the First World Waras a justification for war.

    In plaas daarvan, the pact forced him to hold back and he was left so furious that it is claimed he said soon after Chamberlain had returned to Britain: ‘If ever that silly old man comes interfering here again with his umbrella, I’ll kick him downstairs and jump on his stomach in front of the photographers.

    Whilst Chamberlain told the British public afterwards that he believed it was ‘peace in our time’, Hitler rode roughshod over the deal the following year by annexing all of Czechoslovakia in March and invading Poland on September 1.

    It was that last act of aggression which was the final straw even for the peace-loving Chamberlain, who declared war on Germany on September 3.

    Chamberlain went on to be ridiculed domestically for attempting to appease Hitler with a deal that ultimately failed spectacularly and even now his name is synonymous with the toxic policy of appeasement.

    Nou, upcoming Netflix drama Munich – The Edge of War, which is an adaptation of a novel by English historical fiction writer Robert Harris, paints Chamberlain in a more sympathetic light.

    Speaking exclusively to MailOnline on Thursday ahead of the film’s release in January, Mr Harris said that although it is ‘convenientto scapegoat Chamberlain, the delay to war which his ‘shrewdMunich Agreement brought gave Britain vital time to rearm for when conflict did eventually come.

    As gevolg daarvan, he said Chamberlain left Britain ‘quite strongly defendedwith ‘hundredsof Spitfires and the backup of the newly-invented Radar air defence system when he resigned as Prime Minister in May 1939.

    Right up until he shot himself on April 30, 1945, the defeated Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler regretted the deal he struck with British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain in September 1938. The famous Munich Agreement, which was also signed by France and Italy, ceded the Sudetenland region of what was then Czechoslovakia to Hitler in the hope that the concession would be enough to avoid Europe-wide armed conflict. Bo: Chamberlain holds his umbrella as he stands next to Hitler whilst meeting German general Wilhelm Keitel in Munich

    Right up until he shot himself on April 30, 1945, the defeated Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler regretted the deal he struck with British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain in September 1938. The famous Munich Agreement, which was also signed by France and Italy, ceded the Sudetenland region of what was then Czechoslovakia to Hitler in the hope that the concession would be enough to avoid Europe-wide armed conflict. Bo: Chamberlain holds his umbrella as he stands next to Hitler whilst meeting German general Wilhelm Keitel in Munich

    Hitler was left so furious that it is claimed he said soon after Chamberlain had returned to Britain: 'If ever that silly old man comes interfering here again with his umbrella, I'll kick him downstairs and jump on his stomach in front of the photographers'. Bo: Hitler and Chamberlain pose for a photograph in September 1938

    Hitler was left so furious that it is claimed he said soon after Chamberlain had returned to Britain: ‘If ever that silly old man comes interfering here again with his umbrella, I’ll kick him downstairs and jump on his stomach in front of the photographers’. Bo: Hitler and Chamberlain pose for a photograph in September 1938

    Nou, upcoming Netflix drama Munich – The Edge of War, which is an adaptation of a novel by English historical fiction writer Robert Harris, paints Chamberlain in a more sympathetic light. Bo: English actor Jeremy Irons is seen in character as Chamberlain next to Hitler, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and French PM Daladier

    Nou, upcoming Netflix drama Munich – The Edge of War, which is an adaptation of a novel by English historical fiction writer Robert Harris, paints Chamberlain in a more sympathetic light. Bo: English actor Jeremy Irons is seen in character as Chamberlain next to Hitler, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and French PM Daladier

    Set during the run-up to the signing of the Munich Agreement, Netflix’s new drama stars Jeremy Irons as Chamberlain and George Mackay as his fictional civil servant aide Hugh Legat.

    Legat and his old friend Paul von Hartman (Jannis Niehwohner), a German diplomat, both travel to Munich for the conference and end up being engulfed in a web of political subterfuge.

    Hitler, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and the then French prime minister Édouard Daladier are all depicted in both the novel – which is just called Munich – and the new Netflix drama.

    en Stefani, which was released this month, shows the chilling moment that von Hartman encounters Hitler, who demands ‘where are you going?’ as he tries to leave the room at a formal dinner.

    The film also recreates the meetings between the world leaders at the conference, including the moment that Hitler, Chamberlain, Mussolini and Daladier pose together for a joint photograph.

    Speaking of his view of the agreement, Mr Harris said: ‘The common view of Munich is that Hitler was bluffing and managed to without a shot being fired get all that he wanted from this kind of weak appeasing Prime Minister.

    ‘In point of fact, the history very much suggests that Hitler really wanted to invade Czechoslovakia, he didn’t just want the Sudetenland, he wanted to wipe out Czechoslovakia full stop.

    Whilst Chamberlain told the British public after the Munich Agreement was signed that he believed it was 'peace for our time', Hitler rode roughshod over the deal the following year by annexing all of Czechoslovakia in March and invading Poland on September 1

    Whilst Chamberlain told the British public after the Munich Agreement was signed that he believed it was ‘peace for our time’, Hitler rode roughshod over the deal the following year by annexing all of Czechoslovakia in March and invading Poland on September 1

    Speaking exclusively to MailOnline on Thursday ahead of the film's release in January, Mr Harris said that although it is 'convenient' to scapegoat Chamberlain, the delay to war which his 'shrewd' Munich Agreement brought gave Britain vital time to rearm for when conflict did eventually come

    The cover of his 2017 'n genomineerde vir 1993 se The Piano, which is called Munich

    Speaking exclusively to MailOnline on Thursday ahead of the film’s release in January, Mr Harris said that although it is ‘convenientto scapegoat Chamberlain, the delay to war which his ‘shrewdMunich Agreement brought gave Britain vital time to rearm for when conflict did eventually come. Reg: The cover of his 2017 'n genomineerde vir 1993 se The Piano, which is called Munich








    ‘He found himself laying out demands which Chamberlain was able to meet.

    He said that Hitler was left ‘very angrywith the deal and continued to argue right up until weeks before his death that German should have gone to war in September 1938.

    Mr Harris’s novel features Hitler’s desperate statement in February 1945, toe hy sê: ‘We ought to have gone to war in 1938, September 1938 would have been the most favourable date.

    Because the Sudetenland’s population was mostly made up of three million Germans, many in Britain did not see any issue with Germany’s takeover of the territory.

    It meant that, if Britain had gone to war rather than striking the deal in Munich which handed Germany the Sudetenland, Chamberlain would have found it much harder to convince the British people that it was the right thing to do.

    In kontras met, there was overwhelming backing for Britain’s decision to declare war in September 1939 after Germany’s invasion of Poland.

    Set during the run-up to the signing of the Munich Agreement, Netflix's new drama stars George Mackay (left in character) as fictional civil servant Hugh Legat. Legat and his old friend Paul von Hartman (Jannis Niehwohner), a German diplomat, both travel to Munich for the conference and end up being engulfed in a web of political subterfuge

    Set during the run-up to the signing of the Munich Agreement, Netflix’s new drama stars George Mackay (left in character) as fictional civil servant Hugh Legat. Legat and his old friend Paul von Hartman (Jannis Niehwohner), a German diplomat, both travel to Munich for the conference and end up being engulfed in a web of political subterfuge

    Mr Harris said: 'Chamberlain's policy was a failure, he said everything he believed in was in ruins. It was a noble effort in many ways and quite a shrewd one'. Bo: Jeremy Irons as Chamberlain, giving a speech in the House of Commons

    Mr Harris said: ‘Chamberlain’s policy was a failure, he said everything he believed in was in ruins. It was a noble effort in many ways and quite a shrewd one’. Bo: Jeremy Irons as Chamberlain, giving a speech in the House of Commons

    ‘So it is not only that it [the Munich Agreement] gave us time to equip the air force with spitfires and the radar defence that saved us, it is that it gave us the moral advantage,’ Mr Harris said.

    ‘And also, in 1939 we had the backing of the empire, Canada and Australia and so on, which we would not have had if we had tried to fight in September 1938. Britain really would have been on its own.

    ‘I can understand why everyone has heaped so much blame on Chamberlain, it is very convenient,’ hy het bygevoeg.

    ‘Chamberlain’s policy was a failure, he said everything he believed in was in ruins. It was a noble effort in many ways and quite a shrewd one.

    ‘What’s the point of just repeating the same old story? Churchill knew that for him to look good, it was necessary for Chamberlain to look bad.

    ‘Chamberlain left the country quite strongly defended. He did actually declare war on Hitler after guaranteeing Poland.

    ‘I think it is quite important for a country not just to repeat comforting myths but to look at reality.

    Chamberlain’s replacement as PM, Winston Churchill, was one of the fiercest critics of Chamberlain’s appeasement policy.

    Adolf Hitler greets British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain at Munich in September 1938. Chamberlain hoped that striking a deal with Hitler would avoid war

    Adolf Hitler greets British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain at Munich in September 1938. Chamberlain hoped that striking a deal with Hitler would avoid war

    British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, Adolf Hilter and his interpreter Dr. Paul Schmidt meet in Berchtesgaden, Duitsland

    British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, Adolf Hilter and his interpreter Dr. Paul Schmidt meet in Berchtesgaden, Duitsland

    After the PM hailed the success of the Munich Agreement in 1938, Churchill warned him that he had had a choice between ‘war and dishonour’ en, because he had chosen the latter ‘you will have war’.

    Chamberlain’s downfall as PM came after the failure of the Allied campaign to defend Norway against Hitler’s rampaging forces.

    When Churchill took over in Downing Street on May 10, Chamberlain remained as leader of the Conservative Party and adopted the position of Lord President of the Council in his former rival’s War Cabinet.

    Egter, his ongoing presence in Government prompted attacks from both Labour and the Liberal Party, who wanted him to leave frontline politics altogether.

    Fierce criticism came from the press, with a polemic titled Guilty Men –written by a trio of journalists which included future Labour leader Michael Foot – selling more than 200,000 copies.

    It accused Chamberlain and his government of failing to prepare adequately for the prospect of war with Germany.

    The tome called for the removal of Chamberlain and other ministers they deemed responsible for Britain’s failures in the first months of the war.

    Egter, teen Julie 1940, the criticscalls were answered in a different way: when surgeons discovered that Chamberlain was suffering from terminal bowel cancer.

    Whilst his doctors initially concealed the terrible news from him, Chamberlain was forced to the leave Government when he was beset by repeated bouts of severe pain.

    Whilst his formal resignation as Lord President of the Council came on October 3, he had told Churchill in September that he wished to step down.

    Dan, op November 9, Chamberlain passed away and Churchill paid tribute to him in the House of Commons.