Biden will meet with Boris Johnson, Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel on Iran at G20 while China’s President Xi Jinping will participate in summit via video link as US deepens ties with Taiwan
President Joe Biden will meet with his British, French and German counterparts on Iran as part of the G20 as Chinense President Xi Jinping will participate in the summit via video link after American criticism he wasn’t attending.
Biden will host a sitdown with UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson, French President Emmanuel Macron, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Saturday. They make up the E3 – the European leaders who signed onto the Iran nuclear deal.
The president is seeking a ‘united’ policy on Iran, National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan said Thursday.
‘It’s an opportunity to closely coordinate with our key European partners, at the leader level, on a joint negotiating position as we work towards a resumption of negotiations,’ Sullivan said.
President Joe Biden and first lady Jill Biden arrived in Rome in the early morning hours Friday
Chinense President Xi Jinping will participate G20 via video link after American criticism he wasn’t attending
Donald Trump nixed the Iran nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), which saw Iran scale back its nuclear programme in exchange for lifting international sanctions against its economy, in 2018 – a move that angered European allies.
The JCOPA agreement will also be a topic of conversations.
‘Those will be the two main elements of the meeting,’ Sullivan said. ‘Fundamentally centering around a shared strategy and solidarity and unity in our approach, which of course will be a study in contrast with the previous administration since Iran was one of the areas of most profound divergence between the previous administration and the Europeans.’
Sullivan conceded he didn’t know if Iran was ready to return to the negotiating table.
‘It’s not entirely clear to me yet whether the Iranians are prepared to return to talks,’ he said. ‘We have heard positive signals that they are, but I think we have to wait and see when and whether they actually show up at the negotiating table. And we’re prepared to negotiate in good faith for a return to mutual compliance with the JCPOA. We hope they are as well.’
Meanwhile China’s President Xi Jinping will participate in the G20, according to a notice from China’s foreign ministry on Friday.
He will make a speech at the gathering of the leaders of the world’s largest economies.
Xi has not left China since early 2020, citing the COVID pandemic.
Relations between Washington and Beijing remain strained as the U.S. wants to deepen its relationship with Taiwan, the self-ruled island that has become a major point of conflict in the two countries’ relationship.
In her first public news conference, Sandra Oudkirk, the new director of the American Institute in Taiwan, the de facto embassy, said the United States remains deeply committed to Taiwan and is actively working on new areas of cooperation such as in cybersecurity and supply chains.
‘The value of our partnership and our support for Taiwan is rock solid,’ Oudkirk said. ‘We are committed to deepening our ties with Taiwan.’
Beijing has stepped up its military harassment of Taiwan by flying fighter jets over the island. China has not ruled out force to reunify with Taiwan, which split from the mainland during the civil war in 1949.
Russian President Vladimir Putin also is not attending the G20 summit, which the White House criticized the two leaders for skipping.
‘I would point out that neither China nor Russia would be attending the summit in person at the leader level. Largely it seems due to COVID-19. The US and Europe will be there and they’ll be there energized and united at both the G20 and COP25, driving the agenda, shaping the agenda as it relates to these significant international issues,’ Sullivan said earlier this week.
Additionally, Mexican President Andrés Manuel López isn’t attending, and the attendance of Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida isn’t likely, as there are lower house elections in the country on Sunday.
Biden will also convene with French President Emanuel Macron on Friday, their first face-to-face meeting since the AUKUS submarine deal between the US, UK and Australia that roiled the French
President Biden will meet with UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson (upper left), French President Emmanuel Macron, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel (upper right) on Saturday on Iran
Biden and wife Jill Biden arrived in Rome for the summit in the early morning hours on Friday after their departure was delayed due to the president’s last-minute negotiations with Democrats on his trillion-dollar congressional agenda.
The president wanted a vote on his $1.1 trillion infrastructure deal before he touched down in Italy. Liberal members of his party refused to support that plan until they had a guarantee that moderate Democratic Senators Joe Manchin and Kyrsten Sinema would support Biden’s $1.75 trillion package of social programs.
The House delayed the infrastructure vote until next week as progressives reassured they would only vote for that bill in tandem with the larger spending package.
Instead, the House passed a temporary extension of surface transportation funding that lasts until Dec. 3.
Biden will begin his first day in Rome with a meeting at the Vatican with Pope Francis. Biden, the country’s second Catholic president, will meet behind closed doors with the Pontif after the Vatican announced the meeting would be closed to the press.
The president will then meet with his Italian counterparts, including President Sergio Mattarella and Prime Minister Mario Draghi.
Biden will also host a one-on-one with Macron on Friday, their first face-to-face meeting since the AUKUS submarine deal between the US, UK and Australia that roiled the French.
On Sunday, Biden will meet with other world leaders to discuss supply chain issues and energy prices.
He will also discuss implementation of the global minimum tax, which G7 finance ministers worked out back in June. Earlier this month, 136 countries agreed to set up a global minimum corporate tax rate of 15%, to be imposed by 2023.
On Monday, Biden will head to Glasgow, Scotland for the COP26, a United Nations climate summit, where he’ll likely face questions about his Build Back Better plan and its climate provisions. The framework of the $1.75T social and climate bill now includes $500 billion in climate provisions.