Boris Johnson will head back to COP26 summit in Glasgow tomorrow to urge negotiators to be ‘ambitious’ on deals to tackle climate change in the frantic final few days
Boris Johnson is travelling to Glasgow to take stock of the discussions on a final package that could help limit potentially disastrous climate change
The PM is travelling to Glasgow to take stock of the discussions on a final package that could help limit potentially disastrous cambiamento climatico.
Mr Johnson has been targeting pledges on ‘coal, macchine, cash and trees’ at the UN gathering, with officials behind the scenes pleased with the way things have been going.
Downing Street will be hoping that the premier’s return can get more measures over the line, as well as allowing him to take credit for progress.
però, COP26 President Alok Sharma tried to play down expectations insisting there is still ‘a mountain to climb’.
A No10 spokesman said: ‘The Prime Minister is going up to meet negotiators, to get an update on progress in the talks and encourage ambitious action in the final days of the negotiations.’
The first draft of the ‘cover decision’, to be published overnight, aims to address the gap between action by countries and what is needed to tackle the crisis in line with the global climate treaty, the Paris Agreement.
It could set out a path for accelerating action to cut greenhouse gases in this decade to keep global warming to 1.5C, with countries potentially revisiting their emissions-reduction plans in the next few years.
Nicola Sturgeon says climate change is a ‘feminist issue’
Scotland’s First Minister told the UN climate summit in Glasgow that the voices of women must be at the centre of helping to tackle environmental damage.
She demanded more women and girls are involved in decision-making roles, saying the fact that a minority of the 120 world leaders earlier who addressed the event in Scotland were female ‘must change’.
Women are more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, as they form a large majority of the world’s poor, often depend on small-scale farming for their livelihoods and can comprise 80 per cent of those displaced by climate-related disasters.
Speaking today as she chaired a panel at an event focusing on advancing gender equality in climate action, Ms Sturgeon said: ‘There is no doubt we must ensure that climate change is a feminist issue.
‘We must make sure that the experiences of women and girls across the world, so often disproportionately impacted by climate change, are understood as we devise the solutions.
There are also likely to be moves to increase finance for developing countries to help them adapt to the impacts of a changing climate.
It will be published after new analysis suggests plans by countries to cut greenhouse gas emissions in the next decade put the world on track for 2.4C of warming.
The Climate Action Tracker analysis also warns that, based on action countries are actually taking, temperatures could climb to 2.7C over the century.
Under the Paris Agreement secured in 2015, countries committed to keeping temperature rises to ‘well below’ 2C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit them to 1.5C and provide finance for poorer countries to help them cope with the crisis.
But domestic action pledged by countries in plans known as ‘nationally determined contributions’ under the Paris deal was not enough to meet the goals.
And despite a requirement countries come back ahead of Cop26 with more ambitious plans for action up to 2030, the world is still far off track.
The next ‘ratchet’ for increasing ambition under the Paris Agreement comes in 2025, though nations can set out new, enhanced plans at any time, and would see countries setting out action for post-2030.
With scientists warning that emissions must be cut by nearly half in the 2020s to curb temperature rises to 1.5C in the long term, leaving further action to the 2030s would mean letting the target slip away – and putting the world at risk of more dangerous sea level rises, tempeste, droughts, crop damage and floods.
Vulnerable countries are pushing for nations to submit national plans which are in line with limiting temperatures to 1.5C in the next year and long term plans to meet the target by 2023, though there is pushback from other countries.
Negotiators are also trying to hammer out the last parts of how the Paris Agreement will function, on carbon markets, transparency and common timeframes for action plans, to make it effective and operational.
And while countries have made pledges at Glasgow on a number of areas such as phasing out coal, cutting methane and halting deforestation, concerns have been raised about how they will be held to account on their promises.
Climate change activists in Glasgow today dressed as world leaders, da sinistra a destra: Japan’s Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdulaziz, Canada’s Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Boris Johnson, Australia’s Prime Minister Scott Morrison, Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro, and US President Joe Biden
Ahead of the publication of the draft cover decision, Mr Sharma said: ‘The time has now come to find political consensus on the areas of divergence and we have only a few days left.’
Ha aggiunto: ‘We are making progress at Cop26 but we still have a mountain to climb over the next few days.
‘And what has been collectively committed to goes some way, but certainly not all the way, to keeping 1.5C within reach. The gap in ambition has narrowed.
‘Now the world needs confidence that we will shift immediately into implementation, that the pledges made here will be delivered, and that the policies and investment will swiftly follow.’
He said the cover decision was likely to require negotiating teams to consult their leaders and capitals, and asked them to do so with urgency.