HM Stanley stays STANDING: Bronze statue of famous Victorian explorer in his home town of Denbigh will not be toppled after resounding public vote in wake of BLM protests
A community has voted for a statue of controversial adventurer HM Stanley to stay in place in his home town.
A public vote was held at Denbigh, ノースウェールズ, about whether the statue of Henry Morton Stanley should remain.
The bronze statue of Stanley – best known for the famous line: ‘Dr Livingstone, I presume?’ – has stood for a decade in his Welsh home town.
Town clerk Jenny Barlow announced last night there had been 592 投票, a turnout of 8.8 パーセント, と 6,725 eligible Denbigh residents. The vote was 471 in favour of the statue staying with 121 for its removal.
Councillor Dyfrig Berry suggested further information should be added about the history of HM Stanley.
Stanley became famous after finding missionary Dr David Livingstone in Tanzania in 1871. But his reputation has been tarnished by claims of violence on explorations, and his role in the Congo.
After a debate was sparked by the Black Lives Matters movement over Stanley’s links with European imperialism, exploitation and colonialism, the town council decided the decision about whether the statue of H M Stanley remained or be removed, should lie with the residents of Denbigh.
Sir Henry Morton Stanley, 写真, worked for Belgian King Leopold II who was notorious for the barbarous acts he committed on the population of the Congo Free State – now the Democratic Republic of Congo
彫像, 写真, immortalising the moment where he found a missing Scottish explorer in central Africa with the words ‘Dr Livingstone, I presume’, having tracked him down to the shores of Lake Tanganyika
The town of Denbigh, ノースウェールズ, commissioned an artist to create the bronze of journalist and politician Stanley to mark his exploration of central Africa.
But protests over his role working for the infamous Belgian royal family, led to a public consultation to decide whether it should be moved from public view.
Sculptor Nick Elphick spent two years crafting the tribute to Sir Henry Morton Stanley but said he received non-stop abuse when calls for it to be torn down began.
It came amid growing tensions about Britain’s colonial past, sparked by global outcry following the death of George Floyd in the US.
Floyd was killed when white police officer Derek Chauvin pressed his knee into his neck for eight minutes and 46 seconds despite his desperate pleas that he ‘can’t breathe’. He passed out and later died in Minneapolis on May 25.
His death is seen as a symbol of systemic police brutality against African-Americans sparking outrage and largely-peaceful protests first across the US before quickly spreading worldwide.
昨年, a statue (正しい) of slave trader Sir Thomas Picton (左) was removed from Cardiff City Hall after protestors pointed to his links to the slave trade and crimes as governor of Trinidad
それ以来, statues across the UK have been removed or had plaques added to highlight their role in Britain’s imperialist past.
One example includes the removal of a statue of slave owner Thomas Picton from Cardiff City Hall.
Picton was known to have committed abhorrent crimes while governor of Trinidad when it was a British colony.
A statue of him had been at the city hall since 1916 but in July last year, 57 councillors voted for its removal, with five objections and nine abstentions.
Stanley is a controversial figure because of his links with Belgian King Leopold II.
The monarch committed acts of appalling inhumanity against the population of the Congo Free State – now the Democratic Republic of Congo.
His supporters say Stanley was not working for the Belgian despot when the atrocities took place and he has been unfairly tainted.
Stanley was immortalised for his famous words ‘Dr Livingstone, I presume’ after finding the Scottish explorer on the shores of Lake Tanganyika where he had been lost in central Africa.
But Stanley was born John Rowlands and started life fatherless in Denbigh in 1841 where he was put into the workhouse before emigrating to the United States as a teenager.
He then fought in the American Civil War before becoming a journalist and explorer, finding the source of the Nile, mapping central Africa’s Great Lakes and the borders of the present-day Democratic Republic of Congo.
Stanley, who was a journalist, politician and explorer, wrote about the encounter in his book
He was knighted in 1897 before dying at the age of 65.
Speaking ahead of the vote, Denbigh town councillor Glen Swingler said: ‘I think the feeling in town is very mixed. I’ve noticed on social media over the last couple of days that those coming out against it, they’ve got a bit more vociferous.
‘It’s not getting nasty. I wouldn’t like to guess which way any sort of vote would go, but then again, I don’t know how many people are actually going to go out and vote.’
彼が追加した: ‘I will vote, はい. I’ve got my own opinions, but I will vote as it is my right.’
The statue has been criticised since it was first announced, when a group of writers and campaigners including the poet Benjamin Zephaniah called for the plan to be abandoned. 昨年, a petition to remove it gathered 7,000 署名.
The Bishop of St Asaph called last summer for its removal, saying that the explorer had ‘little respect for the natives of Africa’.
Even his contemporaries accused Stanley of cruelty, with Sir Richard Francis Burton, another explorer, once remarking that ‘Stanley shoots Africans as if they were monkeys’.
The journalist and explorer who discovered the Nile’s source and helped King Leopold II of Belgium create the Congo Free State
Born John Rowlands on January 28, 1841 in Denbigh, ウェールズ, Henry Morton Stanley, migrated to New Orleans in 1859.
Shortly after docking at New Orleans, Sir Henry took the name of the wealthy local cotton merchant Henry Stanley and claimed to be his adopted son.
He went on to serve in the American Civil War and also worked as a sailor, before reinventing himself as a special correspondent for the New York Herald in 1867.
The paper sent Sir Henry in search of the missionary David Livingstone, who had not been seen since 1866 when he had set off to search for the source of the Nile.
The 19th century explorer (左) had roads, outposts and even a railroads built in the Congo with the support of King Leopold II of Belgium (正しい)
十一月に 1971, Sir Henry finally found a sick Dr Livingstone at his last known port of cal on Lake Tanganyika and greeted him with the famous words: ‘Dr Livingstone, I presume?’
Following Dr Livingstone’s death in 1873, Sir Henry decided to continue exploring the region and travelled down the length of the Lualaba and Congo Rivers.
に 1874 Sir Henry went on to complete the work of Dr Livingstone and chart the great central African lakes.
His travels, which took three years, included identifying the source of the Nile which he proved was not the Lualaba as previously thought.
He went to Asante in 1873, which is now part of Ghana, as a war correspondent for the New York Herald and in 1874 published ‘Coomassie and Magdala: The Story of Two British Campaigns in Africa’.
に 1879, after failing to enlist British interests, Sir Henry gained the support of King Leopold II of Belgium in his quest to develop the Congo.
Leopold was able to gain control of the country which was at the time under the control of Portugal.
From August 1879 6月まで 1884, Sir Henry led an expedition though the Congo basin for the King and set up roads, outposts and even railroads.
He soon earned the nickname ‘Bula Matari’ or ‘Breaker of Rocks’ and paved the way for the creation of the Congo Free State.
However under the power of Leopold, the Congolese people were subjected to forced labour and were killed or seriously injured while working on his rubber plantations.
Locals who failed to produce enough rubber would also have their hands chopped off.
American writer Adam Hochschild claimed in his 1998 book King Leopold’s Ghost that the death toll from Leopold’s policies was as high as 10million Congolese.