코비드 사례는 이미 반기 전에 어린이에게서 떨어지고 있었다

코비드 사례는 이미 반기 전에 어린이에게서 떨어지고 있었다: 공식 데이터에 따르면 감염은 최대 13.5% in under-18s in England last week ‘in sign of mass natural protection

  • England’s weekly national surveillance report found cases in 10 to 19-year-olds dropped before half-term
  • The same trend was also observed among 5 to 9-year-olds and 0 to 4-year-olds in the country
  • MailOnline analysis suggested earlier this week that Covid cases in children started falling before half-term
  • Experts said this suggests the virus may be coming up against a wall of immunity in the age group
  • Covid cases started falling in children before half-term, official data confirmed today after scientists said youngsters are enjoying high levels of natural immunity due to the back-to-school infection surge.

    The UK Health Security Agency’s — which took over from now-defunct Public Health England — weekly report found cases in 10 to 19-year-olds fell 13.5 per cent last week from 1,388 ...에 1,201 주택 100,000 사람들.

    에 대한 5 to 9-year-olds it dipped 8.5 퍼센트 (732 ...에 670 당 100,000), while among 0 to 4-year-olds it dropped more than six per cent (166 ...에 156).

    The report also showed half of council areas in England, 또는 74 밖으로 149, saw their Covid infections dip last week in another sign cases are on the downturn.

    MailOnline analysis suggested earlier this week that cases started falling in children before half-term began, with infections peaking on Tuesday last week.

    Experts said this was likely to be the case because children had built-up immunity following the back-to-school wave, when infections soared to their highest level in the group since the pandemic began.

    Vaccines — which are the only other way to get immunity against the virus — were only offered to 16 and 17-year-olds in August, and then to 12 to 15-year-olds from September 20.

    But they cautioned youngsters may have been more lax about testing themselves for the virus in the run-up to the holidays, which could be behind the drop in infections. School children are required to swab themselves for the virus twice a week and report the results to Test and Trace.

    SAGE scientist and epidemiologist Professor John Edmunds said this week the spike in infections among children ‘will eventually lead to high levels of immunity in children’, which will see cases plateau and then fall. He added that it ‘may be that we’re achieving that now’.

    Daily Covid infections in the UK fell for four days in a row. And optimisitic modelling from SAGE has claimed infections may slump to the 5,000 mark over the coming months, even without No10 caving in to demands for virus control measures.

    But former Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt today added his voice to calls for No10 to act ‘desively and earlyshould Covid cases rebound in the UK, after Sir Patrick Vallance today urged the PM to be ready to take action.

    No10 has so far held its nerve, insisting the NHS is not under ‘unsustainablepressure. Whitehall sources said amid falling infections ministers were only ’20 per cent likelyto impose any more curbs.

    It comes after a King’s College London study estimated Britain is now ‘worryingly close’ ...에 100,000 하루의 경우, basing its estimates on 43,000 Covid positive PCR and lateral flow tests.

    The above graph shows Covid cases in England by age group. It reveals that infections are now falling among 10 to 19-year-olds (green line, top circle), 5 to 9-year-olds (blue line, second circle) 과 0 to 4-year-olds (black line). Cases rose in all other age groups, but the drop in children is a positive sign because it will stop them spreading it to other groups

    The above graph shows Covid cases in England by age group. It reveals that infections are now falling among 10 to 19-year-olds (green line, top circle), 5 to 9-year-olds (blue line, second circle) 과 0 to 4-year-olds (black line). Cases rose in all other age groups, but the drop in children is a positive sign because it will stop them spreading it to other groups

    The above graph shows the Covid infection rate per 100,000 people by regions of England. As many as five out of nine regions saw infections fall in the week to October 24

    The above graph shows the Covid infection rate per 100,000 people by regions of England. As many as five out of nine regions saw infections fall in the week to October 24

    The above graph shows Covid infection rates per 100,000 people in England divided by age group. It reveals that cases in 5 to 19-year-olds may have peaked and have now begun to fall. But in all other age groups they were still rising

    Officials do not collect data on antibody levels among under-16s. But for those aged 16 to 24-years-old they found 95.6 per cent had antibodies against the virus (top left, green line) despite only 81.4 퍼센트 왼쪽 상단t, blue line) having been vaccinated. Vaccines are now available for 12 15세까지, but it is likely many already have immunity from past infection

    Officials do not collect data on antibody levels among under-16s. But for those aged 16 to 24-years-old they found 95.6 per cent had antibodies against the virus (왼쪽 상단, green line) despite only 81.4 퍼센트 (왼쪽 상단, blue line) having been vaccinated. Vaccines are now available for 12 15세까지, but it is likely many already have immunity from past infection

    The above graph shows the number of lateral flow tests carried out daily. It reveals that over the two weeks before half term the number completed remained similar, ~ 쯤 550,000 하루

    The above graph shows the number of lateral flow tests carried out daily. It reveals that over the two weeks before half term the number completed remained similar, ~ 쯤 550,000 하루

    The UKHSA publishes a weekly report monitoring the spread of Covid and other viruses in the country.

    This week’s showed Covid cases were falling among under-19s in the week to October 24, before half-term began, but they were still rising in other age groups.

    Nonetheless the drop in the youngest age groups is a positive sign because it suggests they could soon fall in other age groups that children are passing the virus on to.

    Why might Covid infections in school children have peaked?

    Department of Health data suggests Covid infections among school children peaked before half term began.

    Scientists have suggested that this could have been caused by rising immunity in the age group, or a reduction in Covid testing.

    Antibody levels

    SAGE scientists have suggested rising antibody levels in children could be behind the fall in cases.

    No vaccine was offered to children before they returned to school, meaning only those who had previously caught the virus had protection against it.

    But following a huge back to school wave the number of children with Covid-fighting antibodies has been boosted, meaning more are protected against the virus.

    Those aged 12 ...에 15 were also offered one dose of a Covid vaccine from September 20 to ensure more of them had protection.

    But uptake has been slow and the vaccination drive has been sluggish.

    약간 12 퍼센트 12 to 15-year-olds have been vaccinated so far, according to figures from the UK Health Security Agency.

    Covid testing

    Scientists have also suggested that a drop in Covid testing could be behind the suggested fall in infections in school children.

    Children are required to swab themselves twice a week for the virus using lateral flow tests, and report the results to Test and Trace.

    Some have suggested the number of tests carried out may have dropped ahead of the holidays as people became more relaxed about taking them.

    But Department of Health data suggests a similar number of lateral flow tests were completed over the two weeks before half term, averaging about 550,000 하루.

    The vast majority of England’s schools broke up for the holidays this Monday.

    But there is a small group — such as schools in Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire — which broke up the previous Monday for two weeks. This may have influenced the data.

    광고

    Those aged 10 ...에 19 have the highest infection rate in England, followed by 5 to 9-year-olds and those aged 40 ...에 49 (593 주택 100,000 사람들).

    Covid cases also dropped in five of England’s nine regions. The sharpest drops were in the Midlands (하위 10 퍼센트 450.6 당 100,000), Yorkshire and the Humber (하위 9.8 퍼센트 440.4) and the North West (하위 7.3 퍼센트 427). The South West had the highest infection rate (665.9) following a bungled operation at a testing lab which led to many infected people being wrongly told they did not have the virus.

    Department of Health data also points to a fall in Covid cases among children before the half-term break began.

    Its seven-day average infection rate in secondary school children aged 10 ...에 14 peaked on Tuesday last week at 1,925.4 당 100,000. 금요일까지, the latest date available, it had fallen to 1,814.6.

    에 대한 15 to 19-year-olds their infection rate peaked at 861.5 당 100,000, but on October 22 it had dropped to 827.5 당 100,00. And for 5 to 9-year-olds it dropped from a peak of 760.7 on Tuesday to 726 by Friday.

    Professor Paul Hunter told MailOnline yesterday: ‘There is a sign that cases may be going down. If you look at the running seven-day average, they are still going up but rather more slowly than they were a few days ago.

    ‘This is around about a week before half-term started, so there might be some element of reduced testing in children because they were coming to the school holiday period.

    '그래서, you’ve got to be a bit cautious about that, but certainly the basic figures look as though case numbers have started to decline in all children under 20.

    There is no age breakdown on testing data.

    But the figures suggest there was not a significant drop off in the number of lateral flow tests carried out over the last two weeks,with around 550,000 completed every day.

    UKHSA testing data, 하나, shows the number of lateral flow tests completed dropped 10 per cent in the last week of term, to 2.4million.

    But the test positivity rate — the proportion of tests that picked up the virus — also fell suggesting that there was a real-term drop in cases among children before half-term.

    Asked whether the drop was likely to be sustained, Professor Hunter added: ‘I don’t know for certain, but I would think it probably will be sustained.

    ‘[그러나] I would not bet the house on it in terms of if it is sustained how long will it be sustained for and how deeply it will drop.

    Professor Edmunds told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme this week that the consensus among modellers was that cases would either level off or start to drop in the coming weeks.

    그는 말했다: ‘That’s because the epidemic in the last few months has been really driven by huge numbers of cases in children. I mean really huge numbers of cases in children. And that will eventually lead to high levels of immunity in children and it may be that we’re achieving that now.

    ‘Achieving I think is the wrong word, but it might be we’re getting to high levels of immunity in children through these really high rates of infection we’ve had and it may start to level off.

    But Professor Edmunds warned models presented to ministers also suggest cases could rise again in the spring due to waning immunity and a return to normality.

    He said booster doses — currently given to over-50s, healthcare workers and those with underlying conditions — should be dished out as fast as possible to address waning immunity and rising infections.

    And they should be offered to younger people ‘in time’, Professor Edmunds said.

    UK’s daily Covid cases are ‘worryingly close to 100,000’, symptom-tracking study claims

    Britain is ‘worryingly closeto recording 100,000 new Covid infections per day, the country’s largest symptom-tracking study warned today despite Government data showing the outbreak is in retreat.

    King’s College London researchers estimated there were 92,953 people falling ill with the virus each day across the UK last week, 쪽으로 14 per cent on the previous seven days.

    Cases are rising across all age groups for the first time, with under-18s still making up the majority of cases after the back-to-school wave, with nearly 44,000 infected on any given day.

    But there was also uptick in the rate of increase in 55 to 75-year-olds, the more vulnerable age groups, which increases the urgency for booster jabs, the researchers said.

    팀 스펙터 교수, the epidemiologist who leads the study, warned that the Government’s figures were a ‘big underestimateand may be missing 40 per cent of cases.

    광고

    It came after Mr Hunt added his voice to calls for the Prime Minister to be ready to act should the virus rebound.

    The now chair of the Health and Social Care Select Committee said the Government should not be afraid of ‘U-turningonce again if the current trend of falling cases comes to an end.

    Speaking about Plan B at a Royal Society of Medicine conference, he suggested Mr Johnson should act earlier than he might want to.

    그는 말했다: ‘I think we need to be prepared to move to different ways to tackle the virus. I’ve always said in a pandemic you should welcome a government that changes its mind, not chastise it for U-turning.

    ‘It’s always better to act decisively and earlier than you want to.

    But he stopped short of calling for an immediate imposition of restrictions, suggesting that increasing the speed of the booster and children’s vaccine programmes would be the best way to get to the ‘heartof Britain’s current wave of cases.

    His comments came after England’s chief scientific adviser said that the country remained in a ‘very uncertain phase’ of the pandemic, despite a downturn in nation infections in recent days.

    Sir Patrick suggested that the Government’s winter Plan B should not be taken off the table yet. He gave the same warning to the Prime Minister at a Downing Street press conference last month, saying that failing to act will only lead to stricter and longer restrictions in winter.

    Warning against complacency, Sir Patrick told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme: ‘You need to absolutely be prepared (for plan B) and as soon as you start thinking, “am I, or am I not going to do this? It looks close”.

    ‘That’s the time you need to push beyond your natural reluctance to do it and do it. This is obviously something the Government will have to consider carefully but we need to be ready to move fast if that occurs.

    ‘I think we are in a very uncertain phase. If you read the minutes of SAGE that were published last week there is considerable uncertainty in which direction this goes.

    ‘It does indeed depend on the degree of immunity and the amount that’s protected by vaccines and that’s why vaccines are so important and it depends on overall behavioural change.

    그는 덧붙였다: ‘It’s wrong to think of the build up of immunity as a sort of all or nothing. It is a protective barrier that will reduce the spread of the virus so we need to monitor this carefully over the next weeks and months.

    Britain is ‘worryingly closeto recording 100,000 new Covid infections per day, the country’s largest symptom-tracking study warned today despite Government data showing the outbreak is in retreat.

    King’s College London researchers estimated there were 92,953 people falling ill with the virus each day across the UK last week, 쪽으로 14 per cent on the previous seven days.

    Cases are rising across all age groups for the first time, with under-18s still making up the majority of cases after the back-to-school wave, with nearly 44,000 infected on any given day.

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