Digitised images show the 1938 Sutton Hoo ship dig

Remarkable photographs show archaeologists uncovering Sutton Hoo ship in 1939 after they were handed to the National Trust in plastic bag by mystery donor

  • The remains of the 89ft Anglo-Saxon burial ship that was unearthed in a Suffolk field in the summer of 1939
  • It contained more than 260 pieces of treasure, including a helmet, 武器, armour, coins and jewellery
  • After treasure was removed, schoolteachers Maggie Lack and Barbara Wagstaff took more than 400 图片
  • The photos were given to the National Trust in 2009 by mystery donor who turned out to be Lack’s nephew
  • Images now available to view online after a three-year digitisation project carried out by the National Trust
  • 即使现在, 多于 80 多年, the incredible artefacts recovered from Sutton Hoo constitute what is the greatest ever discovery of treasure in the UK.

    The haul was recovered from the remains of an 89ft Anglo-Saxon burial ship that was unearthed in a Suffolk field in the summer of 1939.

    多于 260 items were found, including a ceremonial helmet, 武器, armour, 硬币, 首饰, 金扣, 带图案的牌匾和银餐具.

    After the treasures were removed, hundreds of photographs, both in black and white and in rare colour, were taken by two schoolteachers – Mercie Lack and Barbara Wagstaff – as the dig continued to progress.

    然而, it wasn’t until 2009 that the images re-surfaced when they were left by a mystery donor at the reception of the National Trust’s headquarters in a plastic bag.

    That unknown individual turned out to be Andrew Lack, the great-nephew of Mercie, 谁去世了 1985.

    现在, 他的 11 albums of black and white photos, plus one colour album and many other loose print, can be viewed for the first time 线上 after a three-year digitisation project.

    显着, the colour images are believed to be the earliest surviving original ones of a major archaeological dig. They were taken after Mercie and Wagstaff – 谁死于 1975 – somehow got hold of rolls of 35mm German colour film.

    More than 400 images of the 1939 Sutton Hoo excavation in Suffolk have been digitised by the National Trust. 多于 260 pieces of treasure were recovered from the remains of an 89ft Anglo-Saxon burial ship at the site. 以上: One of the newly-digitised photographs shows amateur archaeologist Basil Brown (left), along with helper Lieutenant Commander Hutchison (剩下) and British Museum expert Charles Phillips

    多于 400 images of the 1939 Sutton Hoo excavation in Suffolk have been digitised by the National Trust. 多于 260 pieces of treasure were recovered from the remains of an 89ft Anglo-Saxon burial ship at the site. 以上: One of the newly-digitised photographs shows amateur archaeologist Basil Brown (剩下), along with helper Lieutenant Commander Hutchison (剩下) and British Museum expert Charles Phillips

    After the treasures were removed, hundreds of photographs, both in black and white and in rare colour, were taken by two schoolteachers ¿ Mercie Lack and Barbara Wagstaff ¿ as the dig continued to progress. 以上: Barbara Wagstaff (对) and Mercie Lack (剩下) stand either side of the remains of the ship as other members of the dig sit within it

    After the treasures were removed, hundreds of photographs, both in black and white and in rare colour, were taken by two schoolteachers – Mercie Lack and Barbara Wagstaff – as the dig continued to progress. 以上: Barbara Wagstaff (对) and Mercie Lack (剩下) stand either side of the remains of the ship as other members of the dig sit within it

    As part of the digitisation project, every fragile image has been conserved and catalogued. Mercie and Wagstaff were present on the site between August 8 和 25, 1939 ¿ after the treasure haul had already been removed. The remains of the ancient ship were found by amateur archaeologist Basil Brown (图为), who had been employed by landowner Edith Pretty after she became increasingly fascinated by the grass-covered mounds in the grounds of her home

    As part of the digitisation project, every fragile image has been conserved and catalogued. Mercie and Wagstaff were present on the site between August 8 和 25, 1939 – after the treasure haul had already been removed. The remains of the ancient ship were found by amateur archaeologist Basil Brown (图为), who had been employed by landowner Edith Pretty after she became increasingly fascinated by the grass-covered mounds in the grounds of her home

    As part of the digitisation project, every fragile image has been conserved and catalogued.

    Mercie and Wagstaff were present on the site between August 8 和 25, 1939 – after the treasure haul had already been removed.

    They had asked permission to be on the site when they happened to be on holiday in the area.

    它们之间, they took more than 400 照片. Many of them were then put into albums and meticulously annotated.

    Other official photographs were taken of the dig and given to the British Museum – but the draw of these is that they were taken by amateurs driven by interest and fascination.

    The remains of the ancient ship were found by amateur archaeologist Basil Brown, who had been employed by landowner Edith Pretty after she became increasingly fascinated by the grass-covered mounds in the grounds of her home.

    During the several weeks of excavation that followed, Brown and his team unearthed the treasures that would send shockwaves through the archaeological world.

    The most precious find of all was a sculpted full-face helmet (pictured above at the British museum), leading archaeologists to conclude the site was the final resting place of a 7th-century royal, 可能是雷德瓦尔德, 东英吉利国王

    The most precious find of all was a sculpted full-face helmet (pictured above at the British museum), leading archaeologists to conclude the site was the final resting place of a 7th-century royal, 可能是雷德瓦尔德, 东英吉利国王

    Tt wasn't until 2009 that the images re-surfaced when they were left by a mystery donor at the reception of the National Trust's headquarters in a plastic bag. That unknown individual turned out to be Andrew Lack, the great-nephew of Mercie

    Tt wasn’t until 2009 that the images re-surfaced when they were left by a mystery donor at the reception of the National Trust’s headquarters in a plastic bag. That unknown individual turned out to be Andrew Lack, the great-nephew of Mercie

    显着, the colour images are believed to be the earliest surviving original ones of a major archaeological dig. They were taken after Mercie and Wagstaff somehow got hold of rolls of 35mm German colour film. 以上: Basil Brown (左上方) is seen at the dig site with fellow amateur archaeologist Lieutenant Commander Hutchinson and Wagstaff

    显着, the colour images are believed to be the earliest surviving original ones of a major archaeological dig. They were taken after Mercie and Wagstaff somehow got hold of rolls of 35mm German colour film. 以上: Basil Brown (左上方) is seen at the dig site with fellow amateur archaeologist Lieutenant Commander Hutchinson and Wagstaff

    A group of naval cadets are pictured during a visit to the dig site. During several weeks of excavation, Brown and his team unearthed the treasures that would send shockwaves through the archaeological world

    A group of naval cadets are pictured during a visit to the dig site. During several weeks of excavation, Brown and his team unearthed the treasures that would send shockwaves through the archaeological world

    The team ultimately pulled a haul of 263 来自萨福克田地的华丽宝藏. 以上: Members of the dig team look at sheets of photographs at the site

    The team ultimately pulled a haul of 263 来自萨福克田地的华丽宝藏. 以上: Members of the dig team look at sheets of photographs at the site

    British Museum archaeologist Charles Phillips starting to uncover the scarf bolts at the stern of the ship

    British Museum archaeologist Charles Phillips starting to uncover the scarf bolts at the stern of the ship

    Photograph taken in the centre of the boat to show the tools used in the excavation

    Photograph taken in the centre of the boat to show the tools used in the excavation

    The most precious find of all was a sculpted full-face helmet, 领先的考古学家得出结论,该遗址是 7 世纪一位皇室成员的最后安息之地, 可能是雷德瓦尔德, 东英吉利国王.

    当壮观的文物开始从泥泞中浮现时, Brown was removed from his lead role in the dig as experts from the British Museum – led by professional archaeologist Charles Phillipstook over.

    A new team of archaeologists was brought in by Phillips, including Stuart Piggott and his young wife Peggy Preston.

    All of the key players were portrayed in last year’s fictionalised film account, The Dig, which starred Ralph Fiennes as Brown and Johnny Flynn and Lily James as the Piggotts.

    The team ultimately pulled a haul of 263 来自萨福克田地的华丽宝藏.

    Edith Pretty, Charles Phillips and friends standing on top of the burial mound and watching the excavation on August 10 1939

    Edith Pretty, Charles Phillips and friends standing on top of the burial mound and watching the excavation on August 10 1939

    View of the excavation with Mr Crosley measuring, a work man removing sand, Lieutenant Commander Hutchison and Basil Brown excavating and Barbara Wagstaff observing

    View of the excavation with Mr Crosley measuring, a work man removing sand, Lieutenant Commander Hutchison and Basil Brown excavating and Barbara Wagstaff observing

    Artist William Palmer Robins, who sketched the ship excavation, off to lunch at 1o'clock on August 15, 1939

    Artist William Palmer Robins, who sketched the ship excavation, off to lunch at 1o’clock on August 15, 1939

    These also included a double-edged sword – 一种只有地位高的战士才能使用的著名武器 – 一个金盾牌和一个华丽的腰带扣,展示了中世纪早期最好的工艺.

    专家首先认为宝藏是维京人, 但仔细观察后发现他们是盎格鲁撒克逊人.

    一些可以追溯到拜占庭帝国的宝藏, while others had travelled to Suffolk from the East, such as some jewellery set with Sri Lankan garnets.

    宝藏改写欧洲黑暗时代的历史, 历史学家能够以前所未有的方式深入研究盎格鲁撒克逊人与欧洲的贸易网络.

    发现中唯一值得注意的遗漏是埋在他们旁边的任何尸体的迹象.

    专家认为酸性土壤可能溶解了曾经伟大战士的骨头, 但是这个理论几十年来一直存在争议,因为在该遗址的另一个古墓中发现了其他骨头.

    无论哪种方式, 发现是及时的. 当战争爆发, 挖掘工作不得不放弃,地面被陆军用作坦克训练场.

    重型机器将许多历史土墩夷为平地, 并造成船舶完整轮廓受损.

    在一次寻宝后认为所有无价之宝都理所当然地属于漂亮夫人, 她将所有文物捐赠给大英博物馆 – becoming the institution’s most significant living donor.

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