Elon Musk reiterates aim to land humans on Mars in FIVE to 10 年份

Space X founder Elon Musk reiterates aim to land people on Mars within FIVE to 10 years so he can establish a human colony before Earth ‘gets too hot for life in about 500 万年’

  • Elon Musk says the first crewed flight to the Red Planet could happen in 2026
  • This isn’t a ‘hard deadlineas a number of new technologies are needed first
  • In a new interview for a podcast he said it will happen within a decade at most
  • Any delay would be caused by efforts required to make Starship ready to travel
  • 伊隆·马斯克(Elon Musk), founder of 太空X, has reiterated his long-standing goal of landing humans on the surface of Mars within the next five to 10 年份.

    The world’s richest man also owns Tesla motors and the Boring company, and has a mission to make humanity a multi-planetary species, through a colony on Mars.

    He wants to achieve his goal as quickly as possible, to ensure Mars is sustainable before ‘Earth gets too hot for life in about 500 million years.

    Musk made the remark during an appearance on the Lex Friedman Podcast, released yesterday, adding that the window is now open for humans to leave the Earth.

    The billionaire is worth an estimated $278 十亿, and through SpaceX, is building the Starship rocket that will be able to take humanity to the Red Planet.

    然而, Starship was hit by a setback this week, when the Federal Aviation Administration (少数) pushed back the release of an environmental assessment of the proposed Starship orbital test in Boca Chica, 德州.

    This is now not due to be released until February 28, 2022, making the earliest possible test launch for the giant rocket March 2022.

    Musk told host Friedman: ‘best case is about five years, worst case 10 年份,’ when it comes to landing a colony on the Red Planet.

    伊隆·马斯克(Elon Musk), founder of SpaceX, has reiterated his long-standing goal of landing humans on the surface of Mars within the next five to 10 年份

    伊隆·马斯克(Elon Musk), founder of SpaceX, has reiterated his long-standing goal of landing humans on the surface of Mars within the next five to 10 年份

    The world's richest man also owns Tesla motors and the Boring company, and has a mission to make humanity a multi-planetary species, through a colony on Mars

    The world’s richest man also owns Tesla motors and the Boring company, and has a mission to make humanity a multi-planetary species, through a colony on Mars

    NASA PLANS TO LAND HUMANS ON MARS IN THE 2030s

    Mars has become the next giant leap for mankind’s exploration of space.

    But before humans get to the red planet, astronauts will take a series of small steps by returning to the moon for a year-long mission.

    Details of a the mission in lunar orbit have been unveiled as part of a timeline of events leading to missions to Mars in the 2030s.

    在五月 2017, Greg Williams, deputy associate administrator for policy and plans at Nasa, outlined the space agency’s four stage plan that it hopes will one day allow humans to visit Mars, as well as its expected time-frame.

    Phase one and two will involve multiple trips to lunar space, to allow for construction of a habitat which will provide a staging area for the journey.

    The last piece of delivered hardware would be the actual Deep Space Transport vehicle that would later be used to carry a crew to Mars.

    And a year-long simulation of life on Mars will be conducted in 2027.

    Phase three and and four will begin after 2030 and will involve sustained crew expeditions to the Martian system and surface of Mars.

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    There is a long way to go to get to Mars, as the massive 160ft rocket is still at the prototype stage, having never been tested with the Heavy Lift booster required for it to leave Earth’s atmosphere.

    ‘It’s fundamentally engineering the vehicle,’ 麝香说, when asked about factors that could cause a delay.

    '我的意思是, Starship is the most complex and advanced rocket that’s ever been made,’ 他说, adding ‘it’s a lot. It’s really next level.

    ‘The fundamental optimisation of Starship is minimising the cost per ton per orbit and ultimately cost per ton to the surface of Mars,’ 他解释.

    In May Starship completed its fifth high-altitude test flight, and has successfully landed the main part of the rocket back on the launch pad.

    The next major stage is an orbital test flight, which will include the Heavy Lift booster, and finish with a splashdown in the ocean.

    Following that test flight, SpaceX has been booked to travel to the Moon, make an orbit, and return to Earth in 2023.

    It currently takes at least six months to get to Mars, but Musk believes that could be down to as little as a month, with flights operating every two years.

    This two year gap is due to the orbits of the Earth and Mars, with the world’s coming close enough for a relatively fast journey every other year.

    But to achieve any of his goals, he has to bring the cost of getting to Mars down, which comes from moving to fully reusable rockets.

    ‘There is a certain cost per ton to the surface of Mars where we can afford to establish a self-sustaining city, and above that we cannot afford to do it,’ Musk told Friedman on the podcast.

    ‘Right now you couldn’t fly to Mars for a trillion dollars,’ 他解释, ‘no amount of money could get you a ticket to Mars. So we need to get that above, 你懂, to get that something that is actually possible at all.

    Despite those setbacks and technical challenges, Musk believes the window for human colonisation of the Red Planet it firmly open, and believes we need to start soon to establish a sustainable colony.

    His concern is that in 500 million years Earth will be too hot for life, which he said was ‘a long timebut only a tenth of the time the planet has been around.

    ‘Earth’s been around 4 1/2 billion years, and this is the first time in 4 1/2 billion years that it’s been possible to extend life beyond Earth,’ said Musk.

    ‘That window of opportunity may be open for a long time, and I hope it is, but it also may be open for a short time. I think it is wise for us to act quickly while the window is open, just in case.

    He wants to achieve his goal as quickly as possible, to ensure Mars is sustainable before 'Earth gets too hot for life in about 500 million years'

    He wants to achieve his goal as quickly as possible, to ensure Mars is sustainable before ‘Earth gets too hot for life in about 500 万年’

    The billionaire is worth an estimated $278 十亿, and through SpaceX, is building the Starship rocket that will be able to take humanity to the Red Planet

    The billionaire is worth an estimated $278 十亿, and through SpaceX, is building the Starship rocket that will be able to take humanity to the Red Planet

    SPACEX STARSHIP: A REUSABLE ROCKET TO REACH MARS BY 2026

    溴化阻燃剂 (大他妈的火箭), 现在被称为星舰, 将完成所有任务并且比马斯克宣布的要小 2016.

    SpaceX 首席执行官表示,火箭将在 2024, 只运载货物, 随后进行载人任务 2026 并声称 SpaceX 的其他产品将被“蚕食”’ 付钱.

    火箭将部分可重复使用,并能够直接从地球飞往火星.

    一旦建成, Musk believes the rocket could be used for travel on Earthsaying that passengers would be able to get anywhere in under an hour.

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    He said in an earlier interview, on the social audio app Clubhouse, that the first colony will be a tiny, 危险的, ‘frontier-likeenvironment as they begin to establish propellant manufacturing, food production and power plants.

    On his worst-case scenario timetable of a decade, he would still likely beat NASA to Mars by about two yearsas the US space agency hopes to get there by 2033. Ť

    This would be part of the Artemis program, that will see the first woman and next man walk on the surface of the Moon by 2024, creating a sustainable presence.

    From the lunar landing, which will be completed in a modified version of the SpaceX Starship capsule, NASA will work on making a Mars landing possible.

    Musk’s goal is to push forward and move as fast as possible, with the aim of using the full version of Starship to reach Mars.

    When complete, the main version of Starship will be ‘the world’s most powerful launch vehicle ever developed,’ for crew and cargo launches.

    Although Musk hopes to achieve his goal of landing humans on the Red Planet by 2026, he was realistic and said it isn’t a hard deadline due to the technical hurdles.

    Musk says there are a number of technological advances that need to be made between now and 2026 before humans can travel to Mars on Starship.

    然而, Starship was hit by a setback this week, when the Federal Aviation Administration (少数) pushed back the release of an environmental assessment of the proposed Starship orbital test in Boca Chica, 德州

    然而, Starship was hit by a setback this week, when the Federal Aviation Administration (少数) pushed back the release of an environmental assessment of the proposed Starship orbital test in Boca Chica, 德州

    Musk told host Friedman: 'best case is about five years, worst case 10 年份,' when it comes to landing a colony on the Red Planet

    Musk told host Friedman: ‘best case is about five years, worst case 10 年份,’ when it comes to landing a colony on the Red Planet

    HOW TO SUSTAIN A COLONY ON MARS

    Elon Musk said if you have a large fully reusable rocket with orbital refuelling and ‘high-efficiency low cost propellantthen you can go to Mars.

    ‘One last thing is that on Mars you need local propellant production,’ Musk said in an earlier interview on Clubhouse.

    Adding that for this to work you could ‘take CO2 out of the atmosphere and combine it with water ice to create CH4 methane and oxygen.

    ‘If you have those elements life can become multi-planetary and we can have a self-sustaining city on Marswhich is one of the most important things we can possibly do for ensuring the long-term existence of consciousness.

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    These include ensuring Starship is fully reusable and that it can reach orbit where it is able to refuel ready for the long six month trip to Mars.

    Musk said if you have a large fully reusable rocket with orbital refuelling and ‘high-efficiency low cost propellantthen you can go to Mars.

    He hoped to get the journey time from Earth to Mars down from the current six month minimum to just a single month in the future.

    ‘One last thing is that on Mars you need local propellant production,’ Musk said in an earlier interview on Clubhouse.

    Adding that for this to work you could ‘take CO2 out of the atmosphere and combine it with water ice to create CH4 methane and oxygen.

    ‘If you have those elements life can become multi-planetary and we can have a self-sustaining city on Marswhich is one of the most important things we can possibly do for ensuring the long-term existence of consciousness.

    After a series of successful test flights, Musk hopes to send an uncrewed Starship to Mars and back at some point in 2024 – before a crewed flight in 2026, although he now accepts that could be pushed to 2031 under the worst case.

    He described a ‘great filter’ – a point where Mars could be self-sufficient when it comes to human life on Mars, during the earlier Clubhouse interview.

    Musk said if you have a large fully reusable rocket with orbital refuelling and 'high-efficiency low cost propellant' then you can go to Mars

    Musk said if you have a large fully reusable rocket with orbital refuelling and ‘high-efficiency low cost propellantthen you can go to Mars

    ‘The key threshold of when we will pass the great filter isis Mars sufficiently self-sustaining that if ships stop coming from Earth would Mars die out or not?

    ‘Mars only has to be missing one little ingredient that it would die outit would survive for a while but would eventually die out.

    ‘It is about ensuring we pass that threshold where it is self-sustaining if some calamity prevents the ships from going there.

    ‘What comes firsta self-sustaining city on Mars or World War Three?’








    亿万富翁太空竞赛: 布兰森如何, 马斯克和贝佐斯争夺银河霸权

    杰夫贝索斯在蓝色起源的太空舱前

    杰夫贝索斯在蓝色起源的太空舱前

    被称为“新空间”’ 设置, 杰夫·贝佐斯(Jeff Bezos), 理查德布兰森爵士和埃隆马斯克都说他们的灵感来自美国的第一次登月。 1969, 当美国在太空竞赛中击败苏联时, 毫无疑问,赢得“新太空竞赛”对他们每个人来说意味着多少.

    亚马逊创始人贝索斯看起来将成为三个飞向太空的人中的第一个, 宣布计划于 7 月在他的航天公司 Blue Origin 的 New Shepard 航天器上发射 20, but Branson beat him to the punch.

    The British billionaire became Virgin Galactic Astronaut 001 when he made it to space on a suborbital flight nine days before Bezos – 在七月 11 in a test flight.

    Bezos travelled to space on July 20 with his younger brother Mark, 奥利弗·戴门, an 18-year-old physics student whose dad purchased his ticket, and pioneering female astronaut Wally Funk, 82.

    尽管SpaceX和特斯拉创始人马斯克曾表示他想进入太空, 甚至“死在火星上”, 他没有说他什么时候可能会进入轨道 – but has purchased a ticket with Virgin Galactic for a suborbital flight.

    SpaceX became the first of the ‘space tourismoperators to send a fully civilian crew into orbit, with the Inspiration4 mission funded by billionaire Jared Isaacman.

    His flight was on a Dragon capsule and SpaceX rocket built by space-obsessed billionaire, Elon Musk and took off for the three day orbital trip on September 16 – going higher than the International Space Station.

    SpaceX 似乎在更广泛的亿万富翁太空竞赛中处于领先地位,多次发射将 NASA 的设备运送到国际空间站,并通过合作将游客送往太空 2021.

    二月 6 2018, SpaceX 将火箭送入火星轨道, 140 百万英里之外, 附有马斯克自己的红色特斯拉跑车.

    埃隆·马斯克和他的 Dragon Crew 太空舱

    埃隆·马斯克和他的 Dragon Crew 太空舱

    SpaceX has also taken two groups of astronauts to the |International Space Station, with crew from NASA, ESA and JAXA, the Japanese space agency.

    SpaceX has been sending batches of 60 卫星进入太空以帮助形成其 Starlink 网络, which is already in beta and providing fast internet to rural areas.

    布兰森和维珍银河正在采取不同的方法来征服太空. 它已经反复, 并成功, 进行了维珍银河的 Unity 太空飞机的试飞.

    第一次发生在 12 月 2018 和最新的五月 22, 随着飞行加速到超过 2,000 英里每小时 (马赫 2.7).

    多于 600 迄今为止的富裕客户, 包括名人布拉德皮特和凯蒂佩里, 保留了一个 $250,000 (200,000 英镑) 坐在维珍航空的一次太空旅行中. The final tickets are expected to cost $350,000.

    布兰森此前曾表示,他希望埃隆·马斯克与他的私人火箭公司 SpaceX 一起赢得火星竞赛。.

    理查德布兰森与维珍银河飞船

    理查德布兰森与维珍银河飞船

    SpaceShipTwo 可搭载六名乘客和两名飞行员. 每个乘客都有相同的座位位置,有两个大窗户 – 一个在一侧,一个在头顶.

    这艘太空船长 60 英尺,机舱直径 90 英寸,为宇航员在零重力下漂浮提供了最大的空间.

    它在火箭发动机点火之前爬升到 50,000 英尺. SpaceShipTwo 与其航母分离, 白骑士II, 一旦超过 50 英里大关.

    乘客变成“宇航员”’ 当他们到达卡门线, 地球大气层的边界.

    然后宇宙飞船将在大约六分钟的失重状态下进行亚轨道旅行, 整个飞行大约持续 1.5 小时.

    贝索斯在四月透露 2017 他为 Blue Origin 提供资金 $1 十亿 (7.2亿英镑) 亚马逊股票每年.

    该系统包括一个位于可重复使用的“新谢泼德”上的加压乘员舱’ 助推火箭.

    巅峰时期, 胶囊到达 65 英里 (104 公里), 刚好高于官方的太空门槛并在升空七分钟后垂直降落.

    Blue Origin are working on New Glenn, the next generation heavy lift rocket, that will compete with the SpaceX Falcon 9.

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