EU nations told to prepare vaccine plan to contain monkeypox

Europe’s red alert for monkeypox: EU health chiefs tell nations to prepare vaccination strategies amid scramble to contain virus and warning of Covid-like travel restrictions

  • EU health chiefs are telling member states to prepare monkeypox vaccine plan
  • No monkeypox jab exists, but smallpox jab is 85% effective at stopping infection
  • UK health chiefs already immunised close contacts of the 20 cases in Britain
  • European countries will be told to prepare a vaccine plan to tackle the unusual vaiolo delle scimmie epidemia, as global health chiefs consider travel restrictions.

    EU health chiefs are publishing a risk assessment today which will advise member states to prepare a programme for rolling out jabs to control the spread.

    No monkeypox vaccine exists, but the smallpox vaccine, which was routinely offered to Britons until the virus was eradicated more than four decades ago, è 85 per cent effective at stopping a monkeypox infection.

    UK health chiefs have immunised close contacts of the 20 monkeypox patients that have been detected since May 6 and have used the vaccine in previous incidents.

    The strategy, known as ring vaccination, involves jabbing and monitoring anyone around an infected person to form a buffer of immune people to limit the spread of a disease.

    It comes as experts warn nations could bring in travel restrictions to control the spread of the illness if the World Health Organization (OMS) declares the outbreak an emergency.

    EU health chiefs are publishing a risk assessment today which will advise member states to prepare a programme for rolling out jabs to control the spread. No monkeypox vaccine exists, but the smallpox vaccine, which was routinely offered to Britons until the virus was eradicated more than four decades ago, è 85 per cent effective at stopping a monkeypox infection

    EU health chiefs are publishing a risk assessment today which will advise member states to prepare a programme for rolling out jabs to control the spread. No monkeypox vaccine exists, but the smallpox vaccine, which was routinely offered to Britons until the virus was eradicated more than four decades ago, è 85 per cent effective at stopping a monkeypox infection

    Cronologia del vaiolo delle scimmie nel Regno Unito

    1958: Il vaiolo delle scimmie è stato scoperto per la prima volta quando si è verificato un focolaio di una malattia simile al vaiolo nelle scimmie tenute per la ricerca.

    1970: Il primo caso umano è stato registrato 1970 nella Repubblica Democratica del Congo e da allora l'infezione è stata segnalata in numerosi paesi dell'Africa centrale e occidentale.

    2003: Un focolaio di Monkeypox si è verificato negli Stati Uniti dopo che i roditori sono stati importati dall'Africa. Sono stati segnalati casi sia nell'uomo che nei cani della prateria da compagnia. Tutte le infezioni umane sono seguite al contatto con un animale domestico infetto e tutti i pazienti si sono ripresi.

    SETTEMBRE 8, 2018: Monkeypox è apparso per la prima volta nel Regno Unito in un ufficiale di marina nigeriano che stava visitando la Cornovaglia per l'addestramento. Sono stati curati al Royal Free Hospital di Londra.

    SETTEMBRE 11, 2018: Un secondo caso di vaiolo delle scimmie nel Regno Unito è confermato a Blackpool. Non vi è alcun collegamento con il primo caso in Cornovaglia. Anziché, si pensa che il paziente abbia contratto l'infezione durante un viaggio in Nigeria. Sono stati curati al Blackpool Victoria Hospital e al Royal Liverpool University Hospital.

    SETTEMBRE 26, 2018: A una terza persona viene diagnosticato il vaiolo delle scimmie. L'individuo ha lavorato al Blackpool Victoria Hospital e ha curato il secondo caso di Monkeypox. Hanno ricevuto cure presso la Royal Victoria Infirmary di Newcastle.

    DICEMBRE 3, 2019: A un paziente è stato diagnosticato il vaiolo delle scimmie in Inghilterra, segnando il quarto caso in assoluto.

    Maggio 25, 2021: Due casi di vaiolo delle scimmie sono stati identificati nel nord del Galles. Entrambi i pazienti avevano collegamenti di viaggio in Nigeria.

    Una terza persona che viveva con uno dei casi è stata diagnosticata e ricoverata in ospedale, portando il numero totale di sempre a sette.

    MAGGIO 7, 2022: A una persona è stato diagnosticato il Monkeypox in Inghilterra dopo aver viaggiato di recente in Nigeria. La persona ha ricevuto cure presso l'unità esperta di malattie infettive di Guy's e St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust a Londra.

    MAGGIO 14, 2022: Altri due casi sono stati confermati a Londra. La coppia infetta viveva nella stessa famiglia ma non era stata in contatto con il caso annunciato una settimana prima.

    Una di queste persone ha ricevuto cure presso l'unità di esperti in malattie infettive del St Mary's Hospital di Londra. L'altro isolato in casa e non ha avuto bisogno di cure ospedaliere.

    MAGGIO 16, 2022: Sono stati annunciati altri quattro casi, portando il totale del Regno Unito a sette. Tre di questi casi sono a Londra, mentre uno dei loro contatti è infetto nel nord-est dell'Inghilterra.

    La serie di casi è stata descritta come "insolita".’ e' sorprendente’ poiché gli esperti avvertono gli uomini gay e bisessuali di prestare attenzione a nuove eruzioni cutanee.

    MAGGIO 19, 2022: Sono stati rivelati altri due casi, senza collegamenti di viaggio o collegamenti ad altri casi. I casi erano basati nel sud-est ea Londra. Cominciarono a crescere i timori che le infezioni non venissero rilevate.

    MAGGIO 20, 2022: Eleven more cases are announced, meaning Britain’s monkeypox outbreak have doubled to 20. I ministri discutono della possibilità di una campagna di salute pubblica per avvertire gli uomini gay che la malattia potrebbe essere più diffusa per loro.

    Annuncio pubblicitario

    But the vaccine, called Imvanex and made by Denmark-based drugmaker Bavarian Nordic, has not been authorised for use against monkeypox in Europe or the UK.

    The European Medicines Agency approved the jab for use against smallpox in 2013, while the US Food and Drug Administration greenlit the injection for both infections in 2019.

    And there is no data available on how safe it is for immunocompromised people or youngsters — the groups at highest risk from the outbreak.

    The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) ha detto al Financial Times that it would not be ‘an easy decisionto recommend Imvanex is rolled out to all close contacts at this stage.

    It said nations should carry out a risk-benefit analysis for each contact before deciding whether to jab them.

    Imvanex, pensato per costare £ 20 per dose, contiene un virus vaccino modificato, che è simile sia al vaiolo che al vaiolo delle scimmie, ma non provoca malattie nelle persone.

    A causa della sua somiglianza con i virus del vaiolo, gli anticorpi prodotti contro questo virus offrono una protezione incrociata.

    Gli Stati Uniti stanno già accumulando i jab per il futuro, ordinando 13 milioni per $ 299 milioni (£ 240 milioni).

    Bavarian Nordic told MailOnline that it is experiencing an ‘overwhelming interestin its vaccine from ‘multiple countries’.

    It comes as WHO bosses had been informed of 92 confirmed cases by Saturday and 28 suspected infections, most of which have been detected in Europe.

    But the true toll will be many times higher, with top scientists warning community transmission means some of the spread is inevitably going undetected.

    A disproportionate number of cases are in gay and bisexual men.

    Monkeypox is usually only spotted within Africa, but at least 15 paesi compresi gli Stati Uniti, France and Spain have all detected the virus this month.

    Argentina last night became the latest nation to announce that it was probing a suspected case.

    A health official said individual with monkeypox symptoms lives in Buenos Aires and was in isolation while tests were being carried out.

    They had recently returned from Spain, which has seen 30 cases of the tropical virus, with most having links to single ‘sauna’ a Madrid.

    The Gran Canarian pride festival, tenutasi tra maggio 5 e 15 and attended by 80,000 people from Britain and across Europe, is also being investigated after being linked to numerous monkeypox cases in Madrid, Italy and Tenerife.

    In Belgio, three cases have been linked with a large-scale fetish festival in Antwerp, which ran from May 5 L'ex assistente di Anna Wintour rivela tutto 8.

    Organisers said there is ‘reason to assume that the virus has been brought in by visitors from abroad to the festival after recent cases in other countries’.

    C'erano 20 cases of monkeypox in the UK as of Friday, but Dr Susan Hopkins, the UK Health Security Agency’s chief medical adviser, said officials were detecting more cases ‘on a daily basis’.

    The first patient had returned from Nigeria, where the smallpox-like virus is endemic. None of the other cases are related to travel, suggesting there is community transmission.

    One of the cases is reportedly a young child who is intensive care in a London hospital, il Sunday Telegraph segnalato.

    There had previously been only seven cases in the UK since 2018, all related to travel from Africa.

    Experts have warned that a return to travel restrictions, previously brought in to limit the spread of new Covid variants, could be on the horizon.

    Professor Kathy Bergin, an expert on the workings of the WHO at Cornell Law School, said if the WHO declares monkeypox a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC), countries will almost certainly bring in travel restrictions.

    But she said it is unclear is this will happen. Only six PHEIC’s have ever been declared before, with Covid being the most recent.

    Undated handout file image issued by the UK Health Security Agency of the stages of Monkeypox

    Undated handout file image issued by the UK Health Security Agency of the stages of Monkeypox

    Monkeypox è una rara infezione virale che provoca eruzioni cutanee o lesioni insolite (mostrato in un volantino fornito dai Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Centro per la prevenzione e il controllo delle malattie) negli Stati Uniti

    Monkeypox è una rara infezione virale che uccide fino a uno su dieci delle persone infette ma non si diffonde facilmente tra le persone. La malattia tropicale è endemica in alcune parti dell'Africa ed è nota per le sue rare e insolite eruzioni cutanee, protuberanze e lesioni (file di foto)

    The classification is based on the seriousness of the disease and whether it has spread across international borders.

    Professor Bergin said: 'In 2013, the emergency committee declined to declare an emergency after MERS was reported in dozens of countries, primarily because most cases were confined to hospitals.

    ‘But monkeypox is a disease with an especially high mortality rate, so the committee will certainly consider the possibility that it is spreading undetected.

    She noted that previous delays to declaring a PHEIC — such as during the Ebola outbreak in 2019 and Covid in 2020 — ‘cost livesso the WHO may be ‘persuaded to move quickly this time’.

    Despite the economic cost of travel restrictions, they have been the ‘go-to responsefor many countries once a PHEIC is declared, Professor Bergin added.

    It comes as a UK Government official insisted today that monkeypox is ‘not a repeat of Covid’.

    Simon Clarke, chief secretary to the Treasury, claimed he is ‘cautiousbut ‘certainly not concernedabout the UK’s ability to manage the outbreak, which has already sickened 20 Britons including a child.

    Mr Clarke said: ‘We are certainly not in a position where I would in anyway worry the public that this is some repeat of Covid, because it certainly does not appear to be anywhere near the same platform of seriousness.

    UK Health Security Agency bosses are set to announce even more cases today, after warning on Friday that the worst was still to come.

    High-risk close contacts of monkeypox sufferers are being told to self-isolate for three weeks and to avoid contact with children.

    That is twice as long as the quarantine advice for Covid contacts at the height of the pandemic because the virusincubation period is much longer.