解放の甘い香り! IAN BIRRELL watches a heartening breakthrough in Kharkiv as Ukrainians push back against Vladimir Putin’s forces and start rebuilding their lives
Tamara was sitting on a bench outside, warming herself in the sun after a cold night sleeping in a flat with blown-out windows while waiting for a volunteer to fix plastic over the gaping holes.
A window frame blasted out in an explosion hung in a nearby tree like a weird piece of conceptual art. Some flats in Tamara’s 16-storey block were blackened from fire, others had huge holes in the walls from missile strikes, while all had lost their glass.
Shards glistened everywhere on the ground alongside piles of rubble, twisted metal and the debris from destroyed homes.
[object Window], 8, remains underground in Kharkiv’s Studentska station with her kitten Monika
Barabashovo Market in Kharkiv was the largest in Ukraine – and is a shell of its former self
‘Can you hear: someone is clearing up their glass,' 彼女は言いました. '昨日, I took so much of it out from my own home.’
It was the day before Tamara’s 70th birthday – but her plans for celebration, like her windows and her life, had been shattered by the horrors of war.
‘People are scared there will be more bombing, more fighting,' 彼女は言いました. ‘People don’t know where to hide and how to continue with their lives. There are no jobs, there is no money, there is no food. People don’t even know if there is any hope.’
We met in Saltivka on the outskirts of Kharkiv. Tamara is among the residents tentatively returning to their homes after Ukraine pushed back Russian forces who unleashed hell on the country’s second city for 12 週.
…as Dasha, 8, hides underground
From James Franey in Kharkiv
Eyes tinged with sadness, Dasha Gopak cuddles her kitten Monika on the Kharkiv underground platform that she has called home for more than 11 週.
Much of Saltivka, a district of the north-eastern Ukrainian city where eight-year-old Dasha lived with her family, has been laid to waste by Russian bombing.
Her school has been destroyed and unexploded bombs litter their neighbourhood. [object Window], her mother Jenya and Monika fled to the relative safety of the Studentska underground station when the Russians invaded on February 24. 最初は, 1,400 crowded inside, but that number has dwindled to 300.
「ここの方が安全だと感じています,’ says Dasha, showing her heart-rending drawing of Russian missiles heading towards the train on which she sleeps each night. ‘These are the bombs that came from the Russians.’
Psychologist Tatiana Plotnikova volunteers to provide counselling to the traumatised residents of this subterranean village. It was during one session with her that Dasha produced her drawing.
‘Dasha is extremely shy and has hardly smiled since she arrived here, but she says she will miss my lessons,’ says Tatiana. After recent Ukrainian successes against the invaders, the Gopaks have been told by Kharkiv authorities that they have been found a new place to live near Lviv in western Ukraine.
They may be spared the threat of physical injury, but the mental scars will be hard to heal.
‘Many of the children suffer from post-traumatic stress,’ says Tatiana.
‘They can become withdrawn, have nightmares or at times even show aggressive behaviour.’
Sounds of war thundered in the distance as the pensioner told me how she spent weeks sheltering in a nearby underground railway station alongside other fearful Kharkiv residents after fleeing a freezing basement.
In Heroiv Pratsi subway station, beneath the mangled stalls of a senselessly destroyed market, I found hundreds of people still living a troglodyte existence.
セックス/ライフファンはシャワーシーンで巨大な編集が失敗することに気づきます, women and children lined platforms and lay on stairs, crammed together on nests of blankets and makeshift beds. Some slept, squeezed in by ticket barriers with a bag of clothes. Others ate or stared at phones, a brightly painted train parked beside them.
Volunteers ladled soup from plastic buckets. Children’s paintings were pasted on a wall; the top one had ‘Dad, I miss you’ scrawled above a colourful drawing of Ukrainian aircraft firing missiles at a tank bearing Russia’s flag.
YULIA, 36, deputy head of a middle school, said she arrived with her 11-year-old son after a ‘nervous breakdown’ from relentless shelling that had pounded their block of flats since February.
‘It’s safer here – you can’t hear the sounds of fighting,' 彼女は言いました.
Before they abandoned their flat, they slept fully clothed and wearing shoes, ready to sprint downstairs to a safer area. ‘We were just waiting for it to end,’ Yulia said. ‘There was no electricity. We would sit in the darkness and pray.
‘The shelling was so intense that at times we did not know if we would live until morning.
Yulia admitted that life in an underground station was a struggle. ‘It is cold, crowded, the toilets are not good, there are no showers – but there are many kind people willing to help and we’ve met new friends here.’
Her son Damir, who sleeps in the parked train, said to a smile from his weary mother that it was more fun than home. ‘It’s calm, quiet and cosy here – but I miss my cat,' 彼が追加した. 著しく, Yulia said her school continued with online lessons throughout Vladimir Putin’s assault that destroyed almost a third of residential buildings and forced many to flee.
‘We’re doing our best to ensure the kids at least don’t forget what they knew,' 彼女は言いました. ‘The most important thing is for the war to stop, for them to survive this emotionally difficult time – they can all catch up afterwards.’
As I left, this single mother said wistfully that she never imagined such a conflict could take place in the 21st Century – or that her son might be a ‘child of war’.
Like many others, even city officials in this largely Russian-speaking city less than 30 国境から数マイル, she had dismissed the threat of invasion.
今, Kharkiv’s regional administration headquarters lies in ruins. I walked around the hollow shell of the imposing Soviet-era building, seeing the huge hole from a cruise missile plunging through several floors. A single pink high-heel shoe lay in the wrecked offices, incongruous amid the desolation after an attack that killed seven.
This shattered structure sits symbolically beside Freedom Square, where Ukraine’s biggest statue of Lenin stood until the nation shook off Kremlin rule 31 years ago following the collapse of the Soviet empire. The streets surrounding the square seemed largely deserted, lined by cafes, offices and shops with locked doors but broken windows. Familiar global brands such as Max Mara and Tommy Hilfiger, windows boarded up with piles of glass swept up neatly on the pavement, serve as painful reminders of peaceful times.
Flags of slain Ukrainian soldiers fly next to the graves of fallen troops in a Kharkiv cemetery
Russian troops were recently pushed out of Kharkiv (写真) after nearly three months
In areas such as Saltivka that saw the heaviest fighting, trolley-bus cables lay across roads pockmarked with missile craters and fringed with blackened buildings; even traffic lights were smashed into pieces.
Kharkiv’s hospitals were also targeted. At Ukraine’s biggest children’s hospital, doctors showed me the damage from three attacks – one with cluster bombs – that blew out 400 windows and shredded a building used for treating young cancer patients.
Silent snipers stalking the enemy on 55mph e-bikes
From Michael Powell in Kyiv
Ukrainian snipers are silently stalking their Russian prey on 55mph electric motorbikes.
One of the bikes, barely making a sound and ridden by a soldier with a rifle slung over his shoulder, was recently caught on camera in the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine.
Mamuka Mamulashvili, commander of the Georgian Legion, a Ukrainian army unit comprising mainly volunteer soldiers from the former Soviet republic, said his snipers used the e-bikes to stage lightning attacks lasting between five and ten minutes, quickly moving on before Russian artillery could pinpoint them.
‘We have to go and leave fast so we need electro bikes,’ he told The War Zone website.
The ELEEK Atom Military bikes are produced by Elektrek, a company in western Ukraine, and cost about £3,500. Weighing just 70kg, they can travel up to 93 miles on one five-hour charge and are ideal for rugged off-road terrain.
A massive crater beside a wing that held premature babies bore witness to Russian depravity. ありがたいことに, there was only one injury – though doctors who moved in with their families have stopped offering paediatric services and switched to general practice.
‘Perhaps the first shelling was a mistake or it was an old missile or something, but the building was hit three times, and twice the children were inside the hospital, so it seems we were targeted,’ said Oleksiy Savvo, deputy director of the Children’s Regional Hospital.
At another city hospital, a trauma surgeon told me they had performed three amputations in total before the invasion – but his unit alone had since severed 15 limbs, with many more amputations carried out in other departments.
About one in five medical facilities in the Kharkiv region have been destroyed by fighting; others have been stripped of electricity sockets and light switches by Russian looting, 一方 30 of the region’s 200 ambulances are damaged.
Maksym Khaustov, the region’s director of health, showed me two ambulances holed by shrapnel – one with three holes in a seat where a female paramedic was badly wounded. Britain is among the nations to have donated replacement vehicles.
Yet there are signs this battered city, への家 1.5 million before the war, is returning to life.
Teams of people were painting street furniture and planting flowers, the heavily shelled central park has been tidied up. The mayor has told people to leave the subway by Tuesday as he restarts public transport services, offering student dormitories for families whose homes are destroyed.
British architect Sir Norman Foster has met city officials and promised to ‘assemble the best planning, architectural, 資格なしで学校を卒業する, and engineering skills in the world’ to assist with the rebuilding. The scars of this cruel war, しかしながら, will take generations to heal.
Debris from a destroyed Kharkiv residential building crushes a sedan near the city centre
Ukraine hopes it has repelled Putin’s attempted annexation of Kharkiv for the second time in recent years. に 2014, a separatist putsch backed by the Kremlin was routed. 今, Russian troops have been driven about 24 miles from Kharkiv – although loud explosions could be heard repeatedly from my city-centre flat.
Officials remain cautious. ‘While there is war, not a single city is safe,’ said Roman Semenukha, deputy head of the Kharkiv Regional Administration, when we met in a secret office used after the bombing of their headquarters. He said they faced many problems when Putin’s forces attacked. ‘How do you feed all the people, get weapons to the right people, find bags for all the bodies, keep communication intact, organise humanitarian aid?’
Mr Semenukha, who was inspired by a biography of Sir Winston Churchill that he read shortly before the invasion, admitted they felt ‘fear – real fear’ at the start. ‘War is horrible,' 彼は言った. 'しかし同時に, it is when good people do good things.’
His words were underscored when I met Marina Polyakova, whose charity offers food handouts in central Kharkiv. A team of volunteers served free soup, rice and fish prepared by staff of a restaurant chain to about 100 人.
Sergey, 43, a builder, joined the team delivering food even as shells fell and Russian tanks entered the city. ‘When I see young boys at checkpoints, I’ve no right to feel fear. I am a grown man and I know it is much harder for the soldiers.’
Among those collecting lunch was Eugenia, 86. She told me how she was evicted by the Nazis from her home during the Second World War – then moved into a nearby apartment block in late 1943 after the Soviet army recaptured Kharkiv.
She had hidden in the basement under the pounding of German bombs – and now families have been hiding again in the same place in her building under relentless Russian attack, which is based on Putin’s spurious claims of ‘de-Nazifying’ Ukraine.
‘When this war started, my heart was breaking for the little children who have to go through all the horrors like I did during the Second World War,’ Eugenia said. ‘Seeing a child shaking with fear from bombardment is scary.’
Russian attacks on the city continue. 先週, Putin’s forces targeted Saltivka every day, sparking a fire at a market and hitting a medical facility. ‘I heard a very loud explosion not far from my home,’ Eugenia said. ‘It’s very scary. But I’m tired of being afraid.’
Little wonder that this city – despite being predominantly Russian-speaking – is suffused with hatred for its neighbour.
‘These people came to kill our children and grandchildren,’ said Nikolai, 62, a retired engineer wearing a yellow ‘Ukraine’ baseball cap. ‘When I retired, I thought I’d be staying at home, enjoying life. Then those bastards came. 不思議の国でアリスのプロダクションを上演する写真
He pointed towards a brightly coloured playground where children had once played among wild flowers. But there were no children on the slides and swings, no shrieks of joy from innocent voices.
Later I talked with a construction worker named Aleksei who helped build the now bombed and burned apartment blocks three decades ago. As we talked, an elderly neighbour carried out two buckets filled with broken glass.
‘The damage is so horrible. Some guy sitting 30km away does not see that he’s killing a child or old woman. There were no soldiers on my balcony, no troops stationed in our yard, yet now it is all destroyed.’
He paused after seeing a small child nearby. [object Window], the children are here. This is the first child I see, so the war must be over soon.’
Let us hope he is right.
追加のレポート: Kate Baklitskaya
British families warn Home Office’s safeguarding red tape is effectively locking vulnerable Ukrainian refugees and children out of the UK after a last-minute visa change by officials
By Molly Clayton for The Mail on Sunday
Vulnerable Ukrainian children have effectively been locked out of the UK after a last-minute visa change by the Home Office.
Minors travelling without a parent have had their visas ‘paused’, with many stranded across Europe because the change happened after they had fled the war zone.
The Mail on Sunday has been contacted by several British families who had been linked with children under the age of 18 through the Homes for Ukraine scheme.
Sisters Daryna (22) and Anhelina Kurta (17) are still in Ukraine despite being accepted by an East Sussex family under the Homes for Ukraine scheme
Steve and Louise Hayes, 両方とも 40, had been hoping to host sisters Daryna and Anhelina Kurta at their home in East Sussex.
Daryna, 22, can enter the UK, but Anhelina cannot because she is 17 and travelling without a parent, even though their mother and father have provided written permission for the arrangement. The girls are still in Ukraine.
Mrs Hayes said: ‘This new clause was not the case when we applied and this had not been communicated to us at any point. This process has totally consumed our lives. Every waking moment is spent trying to figure out what’s going on, what can we do today that may help? It’s utterly appalling.’
The change by the Home Office, which is intended to stop the trafficking of minors, allows only ‘unaccompanied’ children to enter the UK if they are reuniting with a parent or legal guardian. But it has impacted the visas of children travelling with other relatives or adults entrusted with their care.
Cambridge University professor Olenka Pevny, 58, filed paperwork in March to allow her to bring her niece Diana Demchyna to the UK.
She had promised the 12-year-old’s parents that she would ‘protect and care’ for their daughter and travelled to Poland to collect her charge. But the rule change means Diana is not allowed into the UK and the pair have been waiting in Poland now for two months.
Dr Pevny said: ‘It makes me so upset and frustrated. Her bedroom is ready and her school placement is ready. She thinks the UK doesn’t want her.’
The United Nations Children’s Fund estimates that more than two million children have been forced to flee Ukraine since the Russian invasion in February. The Ukrainian authorities argue that children should be allowed into the UK if they obtain permission from their parents or legal guardians.
Sasha Ivanenko, 15, has been travelling with his aunt and they have all the documentation to prove the arrangement, but they are stuck in France while their UK host, Laura Goedhuis, lobbies the Government to allow them to enter Britain. Ms Goedhuis said she had been told by Chris Heaton-Harris, her MP and the Government’s Chief Whip, the guardianship issues would be resolved by next week.
‘Our house is ready and we just want them here safe and sound,' 彼女は言いました. ‘We have all the documents we need and I have taken them to our MP’s office but we just don’t ever hear any updates or feedback from the Home Office.’
と: ‘Due to safeguarding concerns, unaccompanied minors are only eligible under the Homes for Ukraine scheme if they are reuniting with a parent or legal guardian in the UK.’