マンモスの骨で作ったアイボリーペンダント 41,500 年が見つかりました

古代のキラキラ! 41,500-マンモスの骨で作られた1年前の装飾された象牙のペンダントは、ポーランドの洞窟で発見され、ユーラシアで最も早く知られている華やかなジュエリーの例である可能性があります。, 研究の主張

  • The stunning pendant was found in a cave in Poland back in 2010
  • Using radiocarbon dating, researchers have dated it back 41,500 年
  • This places it within the record of earliest dispersals of Homo sapiens in Europe
  • An intricately decorated ivory pendant made from mammoth bone has been discovered in Poland, and may be the oldest example of ornate jewellery found in Eurasia yet.

    The pendant dates back around 41,500 年, placing it within the record of the earliest dispersals of Homo sapiens in Europe.

    It features patterns of over 50 puncture marks in an irregular looping curve, and two complete holes, which could represent hunting tallies or lunar notations, according to the researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.

    ‘If the Stajnia pendant’s looping curve indicates a lunar analemma or kill scores will remain an open question,’ said Adam Nadachowski, 研究の共著者.

    'しかしながら, it is fascinating that similar decorations appeared independently across Europe.

    A 41,500 year old oval-shaped ivory pendant made from mammoth bone (写真) represents the earliest known example of ornate jewellery made by humans in Eurasia, 新しい研究は主張している

    A 41,500 year old oval-shaped ivory pendant made from mammoth bone (写真) represents the earliest known example of ornate jewellery made by humans in Eurasia, 新しい研究は主張している

    What does the pattern on the pendant mean?

    The features patterns of over 50 puncture marks in an irregular looping curve, and two complete holes, which could represent hunting tallies or lunar notations, 研究者によると.

    ‘If the Stajnia pendant’s looping curve indicates a lunar analemma or kill scores will remain an open question,’ said Adam Nadachowski, 研究の共著者.

    'しかしながら, it is fascinating that similar decorations appeared independently across Europe.

    広告

    The pendant was discovered in Poland’s Stajnia Cave in 2010, alongside animal bones and stone tools.

    今, researchers have used radiocarbon dating to assess its age, concluding that the pendant likely dates back around 41,500 年.

    Sahra Talamo, who led the study, 前記: ‘Determining the exact age of this jewellery was fundamental for its cultural attribution, and we are thrilled of the result.

    ‘This work demonstrates that using the most recent methodological advances in the radiocarbon method enables us to minimise the amount of sampling and achieve highly precise dates with a very small error range.

    ‘If we want to seriously solve the debate on when mobiliary art emerged in Palaeolithic groups, we need to radiocarbon date these ornaments, especially those found during past fieldwork or in complex stratigraphic sequences.

    Using 3D modelling tools, the researchers were able to delve deeper into the pendant’s structure and design.

    ‘Through 3D modeling techniques, the finds were virtually reconstructed and the pendant appropriately restored, allowing detailed measurements and supporting the description of the decorations,’ said co-author Stefano Benazzi.

    The pendant was found at the Stajnia Cave, ポーランド (写真) に 2010 along with a horse-bone tool known as an awl. Experts believe the presence of animal bones alongside the pendant may indicate humans were beginning to produce small and transportable art 41,500 数年前

    The pendant was found at the Stajnia Cave, ポーランド (写真) に 2010 along with a horse-bone tool known as an awl. Experts believe the presence of animal bones alongside the pendant may indicate humans were beginning to produce small and transportable art 41,500 数年前

    Previous studies have revealed that both Neanderthals and Homo sapiens once occupied Stajnia Cave.

    The researchers now suggest that the pdenant was left there when its creator left the cave on a hunting expedition.

    ‘This piece of jewellery shows the great creativity and extraordinary manual skills of members of the group of Homo sapiens that occupied the site,’ said co-author Wioletta Nowaczewska.

    ‘The thickness of the plate is about 3.7 millimetres showing an astonishing precision on carving the punctures and the two holes for wearing it.

    Previous studies have revealed that both Neanderthals and Homo sapiens once occupied Stajnia Cave

    Previous studies have revealed that both Neanderthals and Homo sapiens once occupied Stajnia Cave

    全体, the reserachers hope the finings will help to shed light on the dispersal of Homo sapiens in Poland.

    Andrea Picin, 研究の共著者, 追加: ‘The ages of the ivory pendant and the bone awl found at Stajnia Cave finally demonstrate that the dispersal of Homo sapiens in Poland took place as early as in Central and Western Europe.

    ‘This remarkable result will change the perspective on how adaptable these early groups were and call into question the monocentric model of diffusion of the artistic innovation in the Aurignacian.








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