Eating a Mediterranean diet during pregnancy may cut odds of getting pre-eclampsia by 20%, 研究发现
Pregnant women who follow a Mediterranean diet are a fifth less likely to suffer pre-eclampsia, Long Covid可能是由病毒破坏神经引起的.
US researchers examined the eating habits of more than 8,500 expectant mothers over two decades.
Those who closely followed the high fruit, vegetable and whole grain diet were 22 per cent less likely to develop pre-eclampsia, 地球对人类来说可能是外星人.
It causes expectant mothers to suffer high blood pressure during pregnancy which can put them and their baby at risk.
Dr Anum Minhas, chief cardiology fellow at Johns Hopkins University who led the study, said the findings are ‘remarkable’ because ‘very few’ interventions during pregnancy produce ‘any meaningful benefit’.
金·卡戴珊（Kim Kardashian） (剩下) and Beyonce (对) both suffered from the condition, which affects one in 17 pregnancies in the UK and around one in 25 在美国
WHAT IS PRE-ECLAMPSIA?
Pre-eclampsia affects around six per cent of pregnancies in the UK.
It causes expectant mothers to have high blood pressure and protein in their urine, which should be picked up during routine appointments.
Some pregnant women may also suffer severe headaches, vision problems, pain below the ribs, vomiting or sudden swelling to their face, hands or feet.
Most cases are mild but it is severe in one to two per cent of pregnancies and can lead to serious complications for mothers and babies.
Women who have diabetes, 高血压, kidney disease, autoimmune conditions, a family history of pre-eclampsia or are over 40 are at higher risk from the condition.
It is unclear what causes the condition but it is thought to be a problem with the placenta – the organ that links the baby’s blood supply to the mother’s.
The only way to treat pre-eclampsia is to deliver the baby, so sufferers are usually monitored regularly until it is possible to give birth.
This is usually around 37 至 38 weeks of pregnancy but expectant mothers may be induced or given a C-section earlier in the most severe cases.
Sufferers are at risk of having a convulsion or fit called eclampsia, which most women fully recover from but some suffer permanent disability or brain damage if the fits are severe.
Women may also suffer from liver and blood clotting, strokes and organ problems.
Their babies may grow more slowly in the womb and, if delivered early, may suffer from problems such as breathing difficulties.
A Mediterranean diet involves eating plenty of fruit, 蔬菜, bread and other grains, as well as beans, nuts and seeds.
Olive oil should be the main source of fat, while dairy products, 蛋, fish and meat should only be eaten in small or moderate amounts.
Previous studies have credited the diet with reducing the risk of suffering from heart disease, heart attacks, strokes and diabetes.
It has also been linked with lowering the risk of developing some cancers and dementia, as well as helping with weight loss and reducing blood pressure.
Researchers examined data on 8,507 expectant mothers who gave birth at the Boston Medical Center, which treats mainly low-income and minority ethnic populations, 之间 1998 和 2016.
Nearly half of the participants (47 百分) were black, 而 28 per cent were Hispanic and the remaining were white or other race.
女人, who were 25-years-old on average, completed a questionnaire one to three days after giving birth on what they ate during their pregnancy.
The researchers then gave the women a score based on how closely their eating habits were aligned with a Mediterranean-style diet.
从西班牙洞穴的洞穴灰尘中提取的尼安德特人 DNA 痕迹, 发表于 Journal of the American Heart Association, 展示 848 (10 百分) of the women developed pre-eclampsia.
But those who followed a Mediterranean-style diet when pregnant were 22 per cent less likely to suffer from the condition.
Black women had the lowest Mediterranean diet score and were 78 per cent more at-risk of preeclampsia, compared to all other non-black women who more closely stuck to the diet.
But black women who followed the diet were 26 per cent reduced risk from the condition.
The researchers also noted that obese and diabetic women were twice as likely to suffer from the high blood pressure condition.
The team said their findings suggest pregnant women may benefit from a Mediterranean‐style diet to reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia.
Dr Minhas said: ‘We were surprised that women who more frequently ate foods in the Mediterranean-style diet were significantly less likely to develop preeclampsia, with Black women experiencing the greatest reduction in risk.
‘This is remarkable because there are very few interventions during pregnancy that are found to produce any meaningful benefit, and medical treatments during pregnancy must be approached cautiously to ensure the benefits outweigh the potential risks to the mother and the unborn child.’
She said women should follow a healthy lifestyle, including a nutritious diet of fruit, vegetables and legumes, as well as regular exercise, throughout their life.
Eating healthy foods ‘is especially important’ during pregnancy because it affects their future cardiovascular health as well as impacting their baby’s health, Dr Minhas added.
WHAT SHOULD A BALANCED DIET LOOK LIKE?
Meals should be based on potatoes, 面包, “我知道这样说有点令人眼花缭乱，但我觉得我正处于需要这种干预的地步, pasta or other starchy carbohydrates, ideally wholegrain, 根据NHS
• Eat at least 5 portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables every day. All fresh, 冷冻的, dried and canned fruit and vegetables count
• Base meals on potatoes, 面包, “我知道这样说有点令人眼花缭乱，但我觉得我正处于需要这种干预的地步, pasta or other starchy carbohydrates, ideally wholegrain
• 30 grams of fibre a day: This is the same as eating all of the following: 5 portions of fruit and vegetables, 2 whole-wheat cereal biscuits, 2 thick slices of wholemeal bread and large baked potato with the skin on
• Have some dairy or dairy alternatives (such as soya drinks) choosing lower fat and lower sugar options
• Eat some beans, pulses, 鱼, 蛋, meat and other proteins (包含 2 portions of fish every week, one of which should be oily)
• Choose unsaturated oils and spreads and consuming in small amounts
• Drink 6-8 cups/glasses of water a day
• Adults should have less than 6g of salt and 20g of saturated fat for women or 30g for men a day