Moving film shows Jewish residents of Polish town before Nazi invasion

Haunting glimpse of happinessbefore the horrors of the Holocaust: US backpacker’s footage of Jewish community in Poland a year before the Nazi invasion is turned into full-length documentary

  • Film was shot by American traveller David Kurtz and then lay forgotten in cellar
  • Shows residents of Nasielsk, eastern Poland, 에 1938, a year before Nazis arrived
  • 뿐 100 members of the town’s community of 3,000 Jews survived Holocaust
  • Film found by Mr Kurtz’s grandson David, who turned it into documentary
  • A poignant three-minute film documenting the life of a Jewish community in Poland just one year before being rounded up and later wiped out by the Nazis has been turned into a full-length documentary.

    그만큼 1938 colour film was made by American traveller David Kurtz, whose family had emigrated from Poland in 1890.

    The short clip shows crowds of youngsters wearing yarmulkes (traditional Jewish caps) on a cobbled street in Nasielsk, eastern Poland, their faces beaming in innocent fascination at the camera.

    Also seen are families gathered in groups as they smile in front of Kurtz’s camera.

    After the Nazisarrival in the town in December 1939, Nasielsk’s residents were rounded up.

    뿐 100 members of its community of 3,000 Jews would survive the Holocaust, in which an estimated six million men, women and children were murdered in a network of death camps.

    The film had lain forgotten in a battered tin can until being found by Mr Kurtz’s grandson Glenn in the cellar of their family home in Florida.

    Originally intended as a holiday home movie, the 16-mm film was made during a summer tour of Europe just before the Second World War began in September 1939.

    After viewing scenes from the Alps and Dutch villages, Glenn came across the three-minute sequence showing the community of Jews in the small town.

    The new documentary focusing on the clip is being jointly narrated by Holocaust survivor Maurice Chandlerwho lived in Nasielsk as a childand British actress Helena Bonham Carter.








    A poignant three-minute film documenting the life of a Jewish community in Poland just one year before being wiped out by the Nazis has been turned into a full-length documentary

    A poignant three-minute film documenting the life of a Jewish community in Poland just one year before being wiped out by the Nazis has been turned into a full-length documentary

    The film found by Glenn was in a dented aluminium canister.

    지금, through a process of what the producers call ‘film archaeology to squeeze out every detail’, the clip has been turned into a 70-minute documentary by Dutch filmmaker Bianca Stitger, with joint narration by Harry Potter star Ms Bonham Carter and survivor Maurice Chandler, now in his 90s.

    Entitled ‘Three Minutes: A Lengthening’, the film premiered at the Venice Film Festival in September last year and is due to be released in the US later this year.

    Glenn told the Polish Press Agency: ‘I found this movie in my parentscloset in 2009. It’s a typical family vacation movie.

    ‘But when I saw that it was made in 1938, I realised that it also had historical value. I think they were excited that an American came to their town.

    The short clip shows crowds of youngsters wearing yarmulkes (traditional Jewish caps) on a cobbled street in Nasielsk, eastern Poland, their faces beaming in innocent fascination at the camera

    The short clip shows crowds of youngsters wearing yarmulkes (traditional Jewish caps) on a cobbled street in Nasielsk, eastern Poland, their faces beaming in innocent fascination at the camera

    그만큼 1938 colour film was made by American traveller David Kurtz (사진) whose family had emigrated from Poland in 1890

    그만큼 1938 colour film was made by American traveller David Kurtz (사진) whose family had emigrated from Poland in 1890

    After viewing scenes from the Alps and Dutch villages, Kurtz's grandson Glenn Kurtz came across the three-minute sequence showing the community of Jews in the small town

    After viewing scenes from the Alps and Dutch villages, Kurtz’s grandson Glenn Kurtz came across the three-minute sequence showing the community of Jews in the small town

    Harry Potter star Helena Bonham Carter is jointly narrating the film with Holocaust survivor Maurice Chandler, now in his 90s. Maurice grew up in Nasielsk, where his parents owned a textile store

    Harry Potter star Helena Bonham Carter is jointly narrating the film with Holocaust survivor Maurice Chandler, now in his 90s. Maurice grew up in Nasielsk, where his parents owned a textile store

    12 월 3, 1939, following the outbreak of the war after the German invasion of Poland, the whole Jewish population of Nasielsk were ordered to gather in the town’s market square.

    They were divided into groups, the first 2,000 of which were sent to ghettos in the towns of Łuków and Międzyrzec before being transported to the Treblinka death camp in 1942.

    Others were put into a forced labour camp in the small town along with imprisoned Poles.

    The remaining Jews were sent on a forced march to Jadów, Kock and Warsaw, where they were then murdered.

    After discovering his grandfather’s film, Mr Kurtz handed it over to the United States Holocaust Museum.

    에 2015, he published a book titled ‘Three Minutes in Poland: Discovering a Lost World in a 1938 Family Film’.

    As a result of both the three-minute video and his book, Kurtz then made contact with some of the survivors from the town.

    One of those was Maurice Chandler (né Moszek Tuchendler) whose parents owned a textile store in Nasielsk.

    The film found by Mr Kurtz was in a dented aluminium canister. 위: A scene from the video shows smiling children and other members of Nasielsk's community

    The film found by Mr Kurtz was in a dented aluminium canister. 위: A scene from the video shows smiling children and other members of Nasielsk’s community

    After the Nazis' arrival, the residents of Nasielsk were divided into groups. The first 2,000 were sent to ghettos in the towns of Łuków and Międzyrzec before being transported to the Treblinka death camp in 1942. 위: The residents of Nasielsk

    After the Nazisarrival, the residents of Nasielsk were divided into groups. The first 2,000 were sent to ghettos in the towns of Łuków and Międzyrzec before being transported to the Treblinka death camp in 1942. 위: The residents of Nasielsk

    Mr Kurtz published a book titled 'Three Minutes in Poland: Discovering a Lost World in a 1938 Family Film'. 위: A scene from the film's trailer

    Mr Kurtz published a book titled ‘Three Minutes in Poland: Discovering a Lost World in a 1938 Family Film’. 위: A scene from the film’s trailer

    ‘Not only did he come in a car, he also had a camera. It must have been a big event in this small town,’ Glenn said.

    ‘These people were about to experience the Holocaust. I wanted to honour them somehow, finding out who they were.

    ‘I did not want the film to remain another pre-war film from some Jewish town in Poland.

    The short clip, titled ‘Our Trip to Holland, 벨기에, 폴란드, 스위스, France and England, 1938’, also shows the hustle and bustle of Jewish life in a local café.

    The moving clip portrays life before the community were wiped out by the Nazis

    The moving clip portrays life before the community were wiped out by the Nazis

    The short clip is titled 'Our Trip to Holland, 벨기에, 폴란드, 스위스, France and England, 1938'

    The short clip is titled ‘Our Trip to Holland, 벨기에, 폴란드, 스위스, France and England, 1938’

    Mr Kurtz said he wanted to 'honour' the residents of Nasielsk by finding out who they were

    Mr Kurtz said he wanted to ‘honourthe residents of Nasielsk by finding out who they were

    12 월 3, 1939, following the outbreak of the war after the German invasion of Poland, the whole Jewish population of Nasielsk were ordered to gather in the town's market square

    12 월 3, 1939, following the outbreak of the war after the German invasion of Poland, the whole Jewish population of Nasielsk were ordered to gather in the town’s market square

    Following the German invasion, Maurice and his older brother escaped to Russia where they lived with a cousin until his brother became homesick.

    Maurice returned to find his parents in the Warsaw ghetto, and subsequently became trapped inside as well.

    Managing to escape, he and his brother escaped the ghetto and worked as farm hands until his sibling died of typhus.

    Maurice then adopted a Polish identity and continued to work on farms until the end of the war.

    The Nazisconcentration and extermination camps: The factories of death used to slaughter millions

    Auschwitz-Birkenau, near the town of Oswiecim, in what was then occupied Poland

    Auschwitz-Birkenau was a concentration and extermination camp used by the Nazis during World War Two.

    The camp, which was located in Nazi-occupied Poland, was made up of three main sites.

    Auschwitz I, the original concentration camp, Auschwitz II-Birkenau, a combined concentration and extermination camp and Auschwitz III–Monowitz, a labour camp, 추가로 45 satellite sites.

    Auschwitz, 사진에 1945, was liberated by Soviet troops 76 years ago on Wednesday after around 1.1million people were murdered at the Nazi extermination camp

    Auschwitz, 사진에 1945, was liberated by Soviet troops 76 years ago on Wednesday after around 1.1million people were murdered at the Nazi extermination camp

    Auschwitz was an extermination camp used by the Nazis in Poland to murder more than 1.1 million Jews

    Birkenau became a major part of the Nazis‘Final Solution’, where they sought to rid Europe of Jews.

    추정 1.3 million people were sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau, of whom at least 1.1 million died – around 90 percent of which were Jews.

    이후 1947, it has operated as Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, which in 1979 was named a World Heritage Site by Unesco.

    Treblinka, near a village of the same name, outside Warsaw in Nazi-occupied Poland

    Unlike at other camps, where some Jews were assigned to forced labor before being killed, nearly all Jews brought to Treblinka were immediately gassed to death.

    Only a select fewmostly young, strong men, were spared from immediate death and assigned to maintenance work instead.

    Unlike at other camps, where some Jews were assigned to forced labor before being killed, nearly all Jews brought to Treblinka were immediately gassed to death

    Unlike at other camps, where some Jews were assigned to forced labor before being killed, nearly all Jews brought to Treblinka were immediately gassed to death

    The death toll at Treblinka was second only to Auschwitz. In just 15 months of operationbetween July 1942 그리고 10월 1943 – 중에서 700,000 과 900,000 Jews were murdered in its gas chambers.

    Exterminations stopped at the camp after an uprising which saw around 200 prisoners escape. Around half of them were killed shortly afterwards, 그러나 70 are known to have survived until the end of the war

    Belzec, near the station of the same name in Nazi-occupied Poland

    Belzec operated from March 1942 until the end of June 1943. It was built specifically as an extermination camp as part of Operation Reinhard.

    Polish, 독일 사람, Ukrainian and Austrian Jews were all killed there. 전체적으로, 주위에 600,000 people were murdered.

    The camp was dismantled in 1943 and the site was disguised as a fake farm.

    Belzec operated from March 1942 until the end of June 1943. It was built specifically as an extermination camp as part of Operation Reinhard

    Belzec operated from March 1942 until the end of June 1943. It was built specifically as an extermination camp as part of Operation Reinhard

    Sobibor, near the village of the same name in Nazi-occupied Poland

    Sobibor was named after its closest train station, at which Jews disembarked from extremely crowded carriages, unsure of their fate.

    Jews from Poland, 프랑스, 독일, the Netherlands and the Soviet Union were killed in three gas chambers fed by the deadly fumes of a large petrol engine taken from a tank.

    추정 200,000 people were killed in the camp. Some estimations put the figure at 250,000.

    This would place Sobibor as the fourth worst extermination campin terms of number of deathsafter Belzec, Treblinka and Auschwitz.

    Sobibor was named after its closest train station, at which Jews disembarked from extremely crowded carriages, unsure of their fate

    Sobibor was named after its closest train station, at which Jews disembarked from extremely crowded carriages, unsure of their fate

    The camp was located about 50 miles from the provincial Polish capital of Brest-on-the-Bug. Its official German name was SS-Sonderkommando Sobibor.

    Prisoners launched a heroic escape on October 14 1943 in which 600 남자들, women and children succeeded in crossing the camp’s perimeter fence.

    저것들의, 뿐 50 managed to evade capture. It is unclear how many crossed into allied territory.

    Chelmno (also known as Kulmhof), in Nazi-occupied Poland

    Chelmno was the first of Nazi Germany’s camps built specifically for extermination.

    It operated from December 1941 4 월까지 1943 and then again from June 1944 1월까지 1945.

    중에서 152,000 과 200,000 사람들, nearly all of whom were Jews, were killed there.

    Chelmno was the first of Nazi Germany's camps built specifically for extermination. It operated from December 1941 4 월까지 1943 and then again from June 1944 1월까지 1945

    Chelmno was the first of Nazi Germany’s camps built specifically for extermination. It operated from December 1941 4 월까지 1943 and then again from June 1944 1월까지 1945

    마이다넥 (also known simply as Lublin), built on outskirts of city of Lublin in Nazi-occupied Poland

    Majdanek was initially intended for forced labour but was converted into an extermination camp in 1942.

    It had seven gas chambers as well as wooden gallows where some victims were hanged.

    전체적으로, it is believed that as many as 130,000 people were killed there.

    마이다넥 (사진에 2005) was initially intended for forced labour but was converted into an extermination camp in 1942

    마이다넥 (사진에 2005) was initially intended for forced labour but was converted into an extermination camp in 1942

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