Moving film shows Jewish residents of Polish town before Nazi invasion

Haunting glimpse of happinessbefore the horrors of the Holocaust: US backpacker’s footage of Jewish community in Poland a year before the Nazi invasion is turned into full-length documentary

  • Film was shot by American traveller David Kurtz and then lay forgotten in cellar
  • Shows residents of Nasielsk, eastern Poland, に 1938, a year before Nazis arrived
  • のみ 100 members of the town’s community of 3,000 Jews survived Holocaust
  • Film found by Mr Kurtz’s grandson David, who turned it into documentary
  • A poignant three-minute film documenting the life of a Jewish community in Poland just one year before being rounded up and later wiped out by the Nazis has been turned into a full-length documentary.

    ザ・ 1938 colour film was made by American traveller David Kurtz, whose family had emigrated from Poland in 1890.

    The short clip shows crowds of youngsters wearing yarmulkes (traditional Jewish caps) on a cobbled street in Nasielsk, eastern Poland, their faces beaming in innocent fascination at the camera.

    Also seen are families gathered in groups as they smile in front of Kurtz’s camera.

    After the Nazisarrival in the town in December 1939, Nasielsk’s residents were rounded up.

    のみ 100 members of its community of 3,000 Jews would survive the Holocaust, in which an estimated six million men, women and children were murdered in a network of death camps.

    The film had lain forgotten in a battered tin can until being found by Mr Kurtz’s grandson Glenn in the cellar of their family home in Florida.

    Originally intended as a holiday home movie, the 16-mm film was made during a summer tour of Europe just before the Second World War began in September 1939.

    After viewing scenes from the Alps and Dutch villages, Glenn came across the three-minute sequence showing the community of Jews in the small town.

    The new documentary focusing on the clip is being jointly narrated by Holocaust survivor Maurice Chandlerwho lived in Nasielsk as a childand British actress Helena Bonham Carter.








    A poignant three-minute film documenting the life of a Jewish community in Poland just one year before being wiped out by the Nazis has been turned into a full-length documentary

    A poignant three-minute film documenting the life of a Jewish community in Poland just one year before being wiped out by the Nazis has been turned into a full-length documentary

    The film found by Glenn was in a dented aluminium canister.

    今, through a process of what the producers call ‘film archaeology to squeeze out every detail’, the clip has been turned into a 70-minute documentary by Dutch filmmaker Bianca Stitger, with joint narration by Harry Potter star Ms Bonham Carter and survivor Maurice Chandler, now in his 90s.

    Entitled ‘Three Minutes: A Lengthening’, the film premiered at the Venice Film Festival in September last year and is due to be released in the US later this year.

    Glenn told the Polish Press Agency: ‘I found this movie in my parentscloset in 2009. It’s a typical family vacation movie.

    ‘But when I saw that it was made in 1938, I realised that it also had historical value. I think they were excited that an American came to their town.

    The short clip shows crowds of youngsters wearing yarmulkes (traditional Jewish caps) on a cobbled street in Nasielsk, eastern Poland, their faces beaming in innocent fascination at the camera

    The short clip shows crowds of youngsters wearing yarmulkes (traditional Jewish caps) on a cobbled street in Nasielsk, eastern Poland, their faces beaming in innocent fascination at the camera

    ザ・ 1938 colour film was made by American traveller David Kurtz (写真) whose family had emigrated from Poland in 1890

    ザ・ 1938 colour film was made by American traveller David Kurtz (写真) whose family had emigrated from Poland in 1890

    After viewing scenes from the Alps and Dutch villages, Kurtz's grandson Glenn Kurtz came across the three-minute sequence showing the community of Jews in the small town

    After viewing scenes from the Alps and Dutch villages, Kurtz’s grandson Glenn Kurtz came across the three-minute sequence showing the community of Jews in the small town

    Harry Potter star Helena Bonham Carter is jointly narrating the film with Holocaust survivor Maurice Chandler, now in his 90s. Maurice grew up in Nasielsk, where his parents owned a textile store

    Harry Potter star Helena Bonham Carter is jointly narrating the film with Holocaust survivor Maurice Chandler, now in his 90s. Maurice grew up in Nasielsk, where his parents owned a textile store

    12月に 3, 1939, following the outbreak of the war after the German invasion of Poland, the whole Jewish population of Nasielsk were ordered to gather in the town’s market square.

    They were divided into groups, the first 2,000 of which were sent to ghettos in the towns of Łuków and Międzyrzec before being transported to the Treblinka death camp in 1942.

    Others were put into a forced labour camp in the small town along with imprisoned Poles.

    The remaining Jews were sent on a forced march to Jadów, Kock and Warsaw, where they were then murdered.

    After discovering his grandfather’s film, Mr Kurtz handed it over to the United States Holocaust Museum.

    に 2015, he published a book titled ‘Three Minutes in Poland: Discovering a Lost World in a 1938 Family Film’.

    As a result of both the three-minute video and his book, Kurtz then made contact with some of the survivors from the town.

    One of those was Maurice Chandler (né Moszek Tuchendler) whose parents owned a textile store in Nasielsk.

    The film found by Mr Kurtz was in a dented aluminium canister. 上: A scene from the video shows smiling children and other members of Nasielsk's community

    The film found by Mr Kurtz was in a dented aluminium canister. 上: A scene from the video shows smiling children and other members of Nasielsk’s community

    After the Nazis' arrival, the residents of Nasielsk were divided into groups. 最初 2,000 were sent to ghettos in the towns of Łuków and Międzyrzec before being transported to the Treblinka death camp in 1942. 上: The residents of Nasielsk

    After the Nazisarrival, the residents of Nasielsk were divided into groups. 最初 2,000 were sent to ghettos in the towns of Łuków and Międzyrzec before being transported to the Treblinka death camp in 1942. 上: The residents of Nasielsk

    Mr Kurtz published a book titled 'Three Minutes in Poland: Discovering a Lost World in a 1938 Family Film'. 上: A scene from the film's trailer

    Mr Kurtz published a book titled ‘Three Minutes in Poland: Discovering a Lost World in a 1938 Family Film’. 上: A scene from the film’s trailer

    ‘Not only did he come in a car, he also had a camera. It must have been a big event in this small town,’ Glenn said.

    ‘These people were about to experience the Holocaust. I wanted to honour them somehow, finding out who they were.

    ‘I did not want the film to remain another pre-war film from some Jewish town in Poland.

    The short clip, titled ‘Our Trip to Holland, ベルギー, ポーランド, スイス, France and England, 1938’, also shows the hustle and bustle of Jewish life in a local café.

    The moving clip portrays life before the community were wiped out by the Nazis

    The moving clip portrays life before the community were wiped out by the Nazis

    The short clip is titled 'Our Trip to Holland, ベルギー, ポーランド, スイス, France and England, 1938'

    The short clip is titled ‘Our Trip to Holland, ベルギー, ポーランド, スイス, France and England, 1938’

    Mr Kurtz said he wanted to 'honour' the residents of Nasielsk by finding out who they were

    Mr Kurtz said he wanted to ‘honourthe residents of Nasielsk by finding out who they were

    12月に 3, 1939, following the outbreak of the war after the German invasion of Poland, the whole Jewish population of Nasielsk were ordered to gather in the town's market square

    12月に 3, 1939, following the outbreak of the war after the German invasion of Poland, the whole Jewish population of Nasielsk were ordered to gather in the town’s market square

    Following the German invasion, Maurice and his older brother escaped to Russia where they lived with a cousin until his brother became homesick.

    Maurice returned to find his parents in the Warsaw ghetto, and subsequently became trapped inside as well.

    Managing to escape, he and his brother escaped the ghetto and worked as farm hands until his sibling died of typhus.

    Maurice then adopted a Polish identity and continued to work on farms until the end of the war.

    ナチス’ 集中収容所と絶滅収容所: 死の工場は何百万人もの人々を虐殺していました

    アウシュビッツビルケナウ, オシフィエンチムの町の近く, 当時占領されていたポーランドで

    アウシュビッツビルケナウは、第二次世界大戦中にナチスによって使用された集中および絶滅収容所でした.

    キャンプ, ナチス占領下のポーランドにありました, 3つの主要なサイトで構成されていました.

    アウシュビッツI, 元の強制収容所, AuschwitzII-ビルケナウ, 集中収容所と絶滅収容所の組み合わせとアウシュビッツIII–モノウィッツ, 労働収容所, さらに 45 衛星サイト.

    アウシュビッツ, で描かれています 1945, ソビエト軍によって解放されました 76 数年前の水曜日、ナチスの絶滅収容所で約110万人が殺害された後

    アウシュビッツ, で描かれています 1945, ソビエト軍によって解放されました 76 数年前の水曜日、ナチスの絶滅収容所で約110万人が殺害された後

    アウシュビッツは、ポーランドのナチスがより多くの人を殺害するために使用した絶滅収容所でした 1.1 百万人のユダヤ人

    ビルケナウはナチスの主要な部分になりました’ '最終的解決', 彼らがヨーロッパからユダヤ人を追い払おうとしたところ.

    推定 1.3 百万人がアウシュビッツビルケナウに送られました, 少なくとも誰の 1.1 百万人が死亡–約 90 そのパーセントはユダヤ人でした.

    以来 1947, アウシュビッツビルケナウ州立博物館として運営されています, これで 1979 ユネスコによって世界遺産に指定されました.

    トレブリンカ強制収容所, 同じ名前の村の近く, ナチス占領下のポーランドのワルシャワ郊外

    他のキャンプとは異なり, 一部のユダヤ人は殺される前に強制労働に割り当てられました, トレブリンカに連れてこられたほぼすべてのユダヤ人はすぐにガス処刑されて死んだ.

    選択した少数のみ – ほとんど若い, 強い男, 即死から免れ、代わりに保守作業に割り当てられました.

    他のキャンプとは異なり, 一部のユダヤ人は殺される前に強制労働に割り当てられました, トレブリンカに連れてこられたほぼすべてのユダヤ人はすぐにガス処刑されて死んだ

    他のキャンプとは異なり, 一部のユダヤ人は殺される前に強制労働に割り当てられました, トレブリンカに連れてこられたほぼすべてのユダヤ人はすぐにガス処刑されて死んだ

    トレブリンカでの死者数はアウシュヴィッツに次ぐものでした. 丁度 15 運用月数 – 7月の間に 1942 と10月 1943 – の間に 700,000 そして 900,000 ユダヤ人はそのガス室で殺害されました.

    周りを見回した蜂起の後、絶滅はキャンプで止まった 200 囚人は逃げる. それらの約半分はその後まもなく殺されました, だが 70 戦争が終わるまで生き残ったことが知られています

    ベルゼック, tの近くナチス占領下のポーランドにある同名の駅

    ベルゼックは3月から運営 1942 6月末まで 1943. ラインハルト作戦の一環として、絶滅収容所として特別に建設されました。.

    研磨, ドイツ人, ウクライナ人とオーストリア人のユダヤ人はすべてそこで殺されました. 合計で, 周り 600,000 人々は殺害されました.

    キャンプは解体されました 1943 そしてその場所は偽の農場になりすました.

    ベルゼックは3月から運営 1942 6月末まで 1943. ラインハルト作戦の一環として、絶滅収容所として特別に建設されました。

    ベルゼックは3月から運営 1942 6月末まで 1943. ラインハルト作戦の一環として、絶滅収容所として特別に建設されました。

    ソビボル, ナチス占領下のポーランドの同名の村の近く

    ソビボルは最も近い駅にちなんで名付けられました, ユダヤ人が非常に混雑した馬車から降りた場所, 彼らの運命がわからない.

    ポーランドからのユダヤ人, フランス, ドイツ, オランダとソビエト連邦は、タンクから取り出された大型ガソリンエンジンの致命的な煙によって供給された3つのガス室で殺されました.

    推定 200,000 キャンプで人々が殺された. いくつかの見積もりでは、 250,000.

    これはソビボルを4番目に悪い絶滅収容所として位置づけるでしょう – 死者数の観点から – ベウジェツ強制収容所の後, トレブリンカとアウシュヴィッツ.

    ソビボルは最も近い駅にちなんで名付けられました, ユダヤ人が非常に混雑した馬車から降りた場所, 彼らの運命がわからない

    ソビボルは最も近い駅にちなんで名付けられました, ユダヤ人が非常に混雑した馬車から降りた場所, 彼らの運命がわからない

    キャンプは約 50 ポーランドの州都ブレストオンザバグから数マイル. その正式なドイツ名はSS-SonderkommandoSobiborでした.

    囚人たちは10月に英雄的な脱出を開始しました 14 1943 その中で 600 男性, 女性と子供たちはキャンプの境界フェンスを越えることに成功しました.

    それらのうち, のみ 50 捕獲を回避することができた. 連合国の領土に何人が渡ったのかは不明です.

    ヘウムノ (クルムホフとしても知られています), ナチス占領下のポーランド

    ヘウムノは、絶滅のために特別に建てられたナチスドイツの最初の収容所でした.

    12月から運行 1941 4月まで 1943 そしてまた6月から 1944 1月まで 1945.

    の間に 152,000 そして 200,000 人, ほぼ全員がユダヤ人でした, そこで殺された.

    ヘウムノは、絶滅のために特別に建てられたナチスドイツの最初の収容所でした. 12月から運行 1941 4月まで 1943 そしてまた6月から 1944 1月まで 1945

    ヘウムノは、絶滅のために特別に建てられたナチスドイツの最初の収容所でした. 12月から運行 1941 4月まで 1943 そしてまた6月から 1944 1月まで 1945

    マイダネク (単にルブリンとしても知られています), ナチス占領下のポーランドのルブリン市の郊外に建てられました

    マイダネクは当初、強制労働を目的としていましたが、 1942.

    そこには7つのガス室と、犠牲者が絞首刑にされた木製の絞首台がありました。.

    合計で, と同じくらい多くの人が信じられています 130,000 人々はそこで殺されました.

    マイダネク (で描かれています 2005) 当初は強制労働を目的としていましたが、 1942

    マイダネク (で描かれています 2005) 当初は強制労働を目的としていましたが、 1942

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