NASA selects four for simulated mission to Mars' moon Phobos

NASA selects four people for a simulated mission to Marsmoon Phobos that will see them trapped in a capsule four times smaller than a tennis court for 45 일

  • NASA picked four volunteers, including engineers and researchers for the test
  • It is in a small spaceship analog at the NASA Johnson Space Center in Texas
  • Volunteers will be subjected to isolation and increasing communication delays
  • HERA is a two-story, four-port cylindrical habitat unit with a total of 636 제곱. ft of living space, designed to replicate the living space on a long duration spaceship
  • NASA has picked four people to spend 45 days trapped in a capsule four times small than a tennis court to see if they could cope with a journey to Marsmoon Phobos.

    These experiments are designed to give agencies a better idea of how humans would interact and cope during a long space journey.

    The volunteer research subjects start their virtual journey to Phobos on October 1, in a ground-based habitat at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, 텍사스.

    The mission is designed to serve as an analog for isolation, confinement, and remote conditions in exploration scenarios, with the group re-emerging on November 15.

    Their home for the 45 days will be a small habitat called the Human Exploration Research Analog, or HERAwith collected data informing the design of future missions to the Red Planet, expected to happen in the 2030s.

    HERA is a two-story, four-port cylindrical habitat unit with a total of 636 제곱. ft of living space, designed to replicate the living space on a long duration spaceship.

    The crew who will spend a month and a half together are (ㄹ-r): US Air Force researcher Dr Lauren Cornell, human systems engineer Monique Garcia, space station project engineer Christopher Roberts, and microbial ecologist Madelyne Willis

    The crew who will spend a month and a half together are (ㄹ-r): US Air Force researcher Dr Lauren Cornell, human systems engineer Monique Garcia, space station project engineer Christopher Roberts, and microbial ecologist Madelyne Willis

    NASA has picked four people to spend 45 days trapped in a capsule four times small than a tennis court to see if they could cope with a journey to Mars' moon Phobos

    NASA has picked four people to spend 45 days trapped in a capsule four times small than a tennis court to see if they could cope with a journey to Marsmoon Phobos

    WHAT IS PHOBOS LIKE AND WHAT DOES THE NAME MEAN?

    Phobos is the innermost and largest moon of Mars.

    Along with the other Martian moon, Deimos, it was discovered Both in 1877 by American astronomer Asaph Hall.

    The moon was named after the Greek god Phobos, a son of Ares (화성) and Aphrodite (Venus), brother of Deimos.

    It is a small, irregularly shaped rock just seven miles across and orbiting 3,700 miles from Mars.

    This is closer to its parent body than any other moon in the solar system and is so close it rotates fast than Mars.

    Phobos orbit in just 7 시간과 39 의사록, and when viewed from Mars it appears to rise in the west, move across the sky in four hours and 15 minutes and set in the east.

    It does this twice in any Martian day.

    Facts and figures

    • Diameter: 13.8마일
    • Orbital period: 7.66 시간
    • Distance from Mars: 3,700마일
    • 발견: 18 팔월 1877
    • Gets closer to Mars by about 6.5ft every one hundred years
    • Tidally locked to Mars

    광고

    It provides a simulation of isolation, confinement and remote conditions astronauts will experience during exploration mission scenarios.

    The crew come from a range of backgrounds and specialisms.

    They are US Air Force researcher Dr Lauren Cornell, human systems engineer Monique Garcia, space station project engineer Christopher Roberts, and microbial ecologist Madelyne Willis.

    HERA will house crew members who will simulate the long trek to Marslargest and innermost moon Phobos.

    While not a target for a future crewed landing itself, the unusual scenario will have some similarities to future planned missions to the Red Planet.

    또한, Phobos will be visited by a probe from the Japanese space agency JAXA in the coming decade.

    JAXA plans to land on Phobos, collect samples of soil that could include ancient dust blown from Mars, and return them to the Earth.

    Similar to other HERA missions, once the habitat’s doors close, the crew will need to stay inside for 45 days until the mission ends on November 15, 2021.

    As the simulated journey takes crew members closer to Phobos, those inside will experience increasing delays in communicating with the outside world.

    When the simulation successfully brings the crew to Phobos, this delay will last up to five minutes each way.

    This is designed to simulate speed of light delays a real crew would suffer.

    Such delays will force the crew — and those coordinating their journey — to practice communicating in ways that minimise impacts to mission operations.

    NASA says this practice would also allow the crew sufficient autonomy to accomplish the mission without referring every decision to mission control.

    HERA is a two-story, four-port cylindrical habitat unit with a total of 636 제곱. ft of living space, designed to replicate the living space on a long duration spaceship

    HERA is a two-story, four-port cylindrical habitat unit with a total of 636 제곱. ft of living space, designed to replicate the living space on a long duration spaceship

    The upcoming mission signals the start of HERA’s Campaign 6, with three additional missions scheduled as part of this campaign, which ends on September 12, 2022.

    NASA’s Human Research Program will perform 15 total studies throughout the missions, with seven returning and eight new investigations.

    The data collected as part of these missions will continue to help prepare humans for Artemis exploration missions to our Moon, trips to the planned lunar Gateway in orbit around Earth’s Moon, and long-duration missions to Mars.

    Four of the candidates will form the primary crew of HERA Campaign 6, 사명 1, with another two as backups if any of the main have to drop out.

    Dr Lauren Cornell has studied the genetics of human evolution, investigated the use of carbon nanotubes for guided neuronal growth, and used magnetic nanoparticles to regenerate ocular tissue resulting from battlefield injuries.

    This is an image from an earlier mission inside the spacecraft analog. The crew will have to learn to live together in a confined environment - with data feeding back to NASA

    This is an image from an earlier mission inside the spacecraft analog. The crew will have to learn to live together in a confined environmentwith data feeding back to NASA

    HERA will house crew members who will simulate the long trek to Mars’ largest and innermost moon Phobos

    HERA will house crew members who will simulate the long trek to Marslargest and innermost moon Phobos

    FOUR PEOPLE WILL SPEND 45 DAYS LOCKED UP TOGETHER

    Dr Lauren Cornell: Texas A&미디엄, University of Texas at San Antonio, and University of Texas at Austin graduate.

    Her PhD focused on translational science, which is the process of turning research insights into public interventions.

    Monique Garcia: A human factors engineer and systems administrator for The MITRE Corporation.

    She is tasked with developing a user interface for a telescope system that will be used in NASA’s Deep Space Network.

    Christopher Roberts: A project engineer with NASA’s Cold Stowage team in support of the International Space Station program.

    In this role, he is responsible for end-to-end integration and on-orbit operations for a fleet of hardware on both the space station and visiting vehicle missions.

    Madelyne Willis: A microbial ecologist from Atlanta, 그루지야. She has extensive field experience, including multiple deployments to the Arctic.

    Willis is working on her PhD in Ecology and Environmental Science at Montana State University in Bozeman, Montana.

    The backup crew are Justin Lawrence, a planetary science PhD candidate and Pu Wang, an engineering team manager for Boeing.

    광고

    She conducted the latter research at the Sensory Trauma Department of the US Army’s Institute of Surgical Research.

    현재, Cornell is a researcher for the US Air Force, in San Antonio, 텍사스, contributing to the military branch’s mission to research, develop, and evaluate innovative technologies that impact the advancement of precision, regenerative, and diagnostic medicine for improving clinical outcomes for troops.

    Monique Garcia works as a human factors engineer and systems administrator for The MITRE Corporation, tasked with developing a user interface for a telescope system that will be used in NASA’s Deep Space Network.

    She also assists with developing task automation systems on satellites for the US Space Force and has 12 years of military service with the Air National Guard.

    She aims to contribute and develop meaningful, long-duration human spaceflight research focused on human factors and behavioural performance for mission crews.

    The only man of the main crew, Chris Roberts, works as a project engineer with NASA’s Cold Stowage team in support of the International Space Station program.

    In this role, he is responsible for end-to-end integration and on-orbit operations for a fleet of hardware on both the space station and visiting vehicle missions.

    이전, he was a cargo operations flight controller for the space shuttle and for assembly missions to the space station.

    Madelyne Willis is a microbial ecologist from Atlanta, 그루지야. She has extensive field experience, including multiple deployments to the Arctic and Antarctic.

    Willis is working on her PhD in Ecology and Environmental Science at Montana State University, and her primary research is focused on polar ecology, understanding how microorganisms survive in frozen environments, and how microbial activity may alter the geochemistry of glacier ice.

    The backup crew are Justin Lawrence, a planetary science PhD candidate and Pu Wang, an engineering team manager for Boeing.








    Japan reveals plans for a £322 MILLION mission to bring back soil samples from MarsMOON Phobos by 2029 to search for traces of possible life on the satellite

    일본 says it will send a spacecraft to take soil samples from the Martian moon Phobos, with the goal of returning them to Earth before the end of the decade.

    The sample-return from Phobos will be part of the wider Martian Moon Exploration (MMX) mission, run by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).

    The mission is due to launch in 2024 and will involve a spacecraft first orbiting Deimos before landing on the larger Phobos to take a sample of rock and soil.

    The £322million project will be the first to take a sample from a moon orbiting another planet and could return to the Earth as soon as 2029, JAXA confirmed.

    If the mission goes to plan, the MMX probe will take off from largest of the two moons of Mars, Phobos, 와 0.35 ounces of soil samples on board.

    This is two years before NASA and the European Space Agency (그) is due to return rock samples from Mars itself, currently being collected by the Perseverance rover.

    광고

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