Newly-identified ancient human species lived in Africa 500k years ago

Meet Homo bodoensis: Newly-identified ancient human species lived in Africa 500,000 years ago and was a direct ancestor of modern humans, studie bevind

  • Scientists have reanalysed ancient fossils found in Africa and Europe
  • A skull found in Ethiopia was previously believed to be a differen ancient human
  • New analysis indicates it is a new species that lived 500,000 jare terug
  • A skull of a new species of ancient human has been discovered in Africa that experts believe was a direct ancestor of modern humans.

    The new species has been named Homo bodoensis, and lived during the Middle Pleistocene, rondom 500,000 jare terug.

    Researchers from the University of Winnipeg hope the discovery will bring some clarity to this era, during which human evolution is poorly understood.

    Dr Mirjana Roksandic, who led the study, gesê: ‘Talking about human evolution during this time period became impossible due to the lack of proper terminology that acknowledges human geographic variation.

    A new species of ancient human has been discovered in Africa that experts believe was a direct ancestor of modern humans (kunstenaar se indruk afgebeeld)

    A new species of ancient human has been discovered in Africa that experts believe was a direct ancestor of modern humans (kunstenaar se indruk afgebeeld)

    In their new analysis, the researchers suggest that a skull found in Bodo D'ar, Ethiopia belongs to neither H. heidelbergensis or H. rhodesiensis, but instead, is a new species entirely

    In their new analysis, the researchers suggest that a skull found in Bodo D’ar, Ethiopia belongs to neither H. heidelbergensis or H. rhodesiensis, but instead, is a new species entirely

    What do we know about the new species?

    In honour of the location in which the skull was discovered, the researchers have named the species H. bodoensis.

    While little is know about the new species yet, the researchers believe that H. bodoensis had a short, stocky body adapted to conserve heat in colder climates.

    Males were likely about 5 ft 9 in tall and weighed almost 10 klip, while females averaged 5 ft 2 in (157 cm) en rondom 8 klip.

    The species went extinct around 200,000 jare terug – long before modern humans migrated out of Africa.

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    In die studie, the researchers reassessed existing fossils from Africa and Eurasia dating back to the Middle Pleistocene period.

    Tradisioneel, these fossils have been identified as either Homo heidelbergensis or Homo rhodesiensis.

    Egter, recent DNA evidence has shown that some fossils in Europe identified as H. heidelbergensis were actually early Neanderthals.

    Intussen, African fossils from this period have previously been identified as both H. heidelbergensis and H. rhodesiensis, confusing things even further.

    In their new analysis, the researchers suggest that a skull found in Bodo D’ar, Ethiopia belongs to neither H. heidelbergensis or H. rhodesiensis, but instead, is a new species entirely.

    In honour of the location in which the skull was discovered, the researchers have named the species H. bodoensis.

    While little is know about the new species yet, the researchers believe that H. bodoensis had a short, stocky body adapted to conserve heat in colder climates.

    Males were likely about 5 ft 9 in tall and weighed almost 10 klip, while females averaged 5 ft 2 in (157 cm) en rondom 8 klip.

    While little is know about the new species yet, the researchers believe that H. bodoensis had a short, stocky body adapted to conserve heat in colder climates

    While little is know about the new species yet, the researchers believe that H. bodoensis had a short, stocky body adapted to conserve heat in colder climates

    The species went extinct around 200,000 jare terug – long before modern humans migrated out of Africa.

    Going forwards, most Middle Pleistocene humans from Africa and some from Southeast Europe will be classified as H. bodoensis, while many from the latter continent will be reclassified as Neanderthals,

    Predrag Radović, an author of the study, gesê: ‘Terms need to be clear in science, to facilitate communication. They should not be treated as absolute when they contradict the fossil record.








    The team hopes the findings will help to ‘cut the Gordion knotand allow clearer understanding of the Middle Pleistocene.

    Dr Roksandic added: ‘Naming a new species is a big deal, as the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature allows name changes only under very strictly defined rules.

    ‘We are confident that this one will stick around for a long time, a new taxon name will live only if other researchers use it.

    In honour of the location in which the skull was discovered ¿ Bodo D'ar ¿ the researchers have named the species H. bodoensis

    In honour of the location in which the skull was discovered — Bodo D’ar — the researchers have named the species H. bodoensis

    WANNEER HET MENSLIKE VOORSTE EERSTE KOM?

    Die tydlyn van menslike evolusie kan miljoene jare teruggevoer word. Kenners meen dat die stamboom so is:

    55 miljoen jaar gelede – Eerste primitiewe primate ontwikkel

    15 miljoen jaar gelede – Hominidae (groot ape) ontwikkel uit die voorouers van die gibbon

    7 miljoen jaar gelede – Die eerste gorilla's ontwikkel. Later, sjimpansee en menslike afstammelinge verskil

    'N Ontspanning van 'n Neanderthaler word op die foto voorgestel

    'N Ontspanning van 'n Neanderthaler word op die foto voorgestel

    5.5 miljoen jaar gelede – Ardipithecus, vroeë 'proto-mens'’ deel eienskappe met sjimpansees en gorilla's

    4 miljoen jaar gelede – Aap soos vroeë mense, die Australopithecines verskyn. Hulle het 'n brein wat nie groter is as 'n sjimpansee nie, maar ander meer menslike eienskappe

    3.9-2.9 miljoen jaar gelede – Australoipithecus afarensis het in Afrika gewoon.

    2.7 miljoen jaar gelede – Paranthropus, het in die bos gewoon en het groot kake gehad om te kou

    2.6 miljoen jaar gelede – Handbyle word die eerste groot tegnologiese innovasie

    2.3 miljoen jaar gelede – Homo habilis het aanvanklik in Afrika verskyn

    1.85 miljoen jaar gelede – Eerste 'modern’ hand kom na vore

    1.8 miljoen jaar gelede – Homo ergaster begin in fossielrekords verskyn

    800,000 jare terug – Vroeë mense beheer vuur en skep vuurherde. Breingrootte neem vinnig toe

    400,000 jaar agO – Neanderthalers begin eers verskyn en versprei oor Europa en Asië

    300,000 aan 200,000 jare terug – Homo sapiens – moderne mense – in Afrika verskyn

    50,000 aan 40,000 jare terug – Moderne mense bereik Europa

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