North Korean executioners publicly mutilate bodies – with one man’s corpse burned with a flamethrower as his father was made to watch – and torment prisoners due to die, 报告发现
New details have come to light about state-sanctioned executions in 北朝鲜, with witnesses saying one man’s body was mutilated with a flamethrower as his father was made to watch.
Researchers from a human right’s group heard witness testimonies of 27 state-sanctioned executions in the decade since 金正恩禁止穿皮大衣，以阻止市民模仿他的造型 took power after the sudden death of his father on December 17, 2011.
那些, 23 executions were public – 21 by firing squad and two by hanging – with the report including harrowing descriptions from witnesses who have since defected to 南韩. The actual number is likely to be many times higher.
One witness told the the Seoul-based Transitional Justice Working Group, the organisation behind the report, that the executions were used as a warning from the state, with students and workers being ordered to watch.
‘Even when there was fluid leaking from the condemned person’s brain,’ they told researchers, ‘people were made to stand in line and look at the executed person in the face as a warning message.’
Another described the mutilation of bodies of those who had been executed.
Researchers from a human right’s group heard testimonies of 27 state-sanctioned executions in the decade since Kim Jong-un (pictured in an image released by North Korean news agency in November) took power after the sudden death of his father on December 17, 2011
'在 2012 要么 2013 in Pyongyang an executed body was burned with a flame-thrower in front of a crowd following execution,’ 世界银行和麦肯锡全球研究所准确编制塑料垃圾制造商指数。.
‘The family of the accused was forced to attend the execution and sit in the front row to observe. The father fainted after watching his son burn in front of his eyes.’
An execution in Hyesan in 2012 saw a child shot dead with Kalashnikov rifles.
‘Blood was splattered and flesh was tattered. The North Korean authorities folded the body of the executed in half by stepping on it, and put it in a sack,’ the witness to the killing told researchers. ‘I heard that they threw the sack away somewhere.’
The interviewees also described the inhumane treatment of prisoners before they were publicly executed.
‘The condemned person was dragged out of the car like a dog before the public execution,’ another witness said of a separate execution in Hyesan in 2012.
‘The person who was about to be executed was already in a near death condition and his eardrums seemed to be damaged, preventing him from hearing or saying anything.’
At another public shooting in North Hwanghae province in 2014, the prisoner was tied to a wooden post with pebbles in his mouth before he was killed.
根据报告, seven executions were punishments for watching or distributing South Korean media, such as K-pop – more than any other reason.
Punishments were also for drugs, 卖淫, human trafficking and sex crimes.
Since taking power ten years ago, 金正恩禁止穿皮大衣，以阻止市民模仿他的造型 – North Korea’s dictator – has attacked South Korean entertainment – including music, movies and television – which he says corrupts his citizen’s minds.
金 has previously described the genre as a ‘vicious cancer‘, with the executions coming as part of a crackdown on the music.
The North Korean regime led by Kim Jong-un (pictured during a conference of military educationists of the Korean People’s Army held on December 4 和 5, 2021) has executed at least seven people by firing squad in the last ten years for sharing or watching South Korean K-pop, a rights group claimed on Wednesday
Entertainment from the South has long been smuggled across the border, first as VHS cassettes and CDs and now as flash drives from 中国, skirting censorship of media and the internet.
But under a law brought in last December, those who distribute South Korean entertainment face the death penalty if caught.
Those found guilty of either watching or sharing banned content have been executed in public, creating a sense of terror among the North Korean people.
Speaking at the United Nations on Wednesday, US ambassador Linda Tomas-Greenfield led a group of governments – including Britain and Japan – in calling for a public discussion of North Korean human rights violations.
‘The regime’s egregious human rights violations, much like its unlawful WMD (weapons of mass destruction) and ballistic missile programmes, are destabilising to international peace and security and must be prioritised within the council,’ 她说.
‘The modern world has no place for such brutality, and it is time for the council to address it.’
The full scale of public executions in the country is impossible to know, but to gain some understanding of the practice, Transitional Justice Working Group focused on executions that have occurred since Kim Jong-un took power, and those that have been carried out in Hyesan – a city close to the border with China.
Hyesan, a trading hub of 200,000 人, acts as a gateway to smuggle in South Korean entertainment on USB sticks, among other contraband.
It has also been home to thousands of North Korean defectors who have fled to South Korea. Many have also passed through the city.
结果是, Hyesan has become of focus of Kim’s efforts to clamp down on South Korean entertainment, including K-pop.
Since taking power ten years ago, Kim Jong-un attacked South Korean entertainment – including music, movies and television – which he says corrupts his citizen’s minds. 图为: K-pop group Blackpink perform at the Coachella Music & Arts Festival in California, 2019
Of the seven executions carried out for watching or distributing K-pop, all but one took place in Hyesan between 2012 和 2014, 研究发现.
Citizens were encouraged to watch the draconian punishments, including the families of those being killed. Officials called the accused a social evil, before they were put to death by nine shots fired by three soldiers, 小组说.
最近几年, 然而, the human rights group said North Korea has changed the way it carries out capital punishment in response to greater international scrutiny of its human rights, more often holding executions in front of controlled crowds.
‘Our findings suggest that the Kim Jong Un regime is paying more attention to human rights issues due to increased international scrutiny,’ said Park Ah-yeong, the lead author of a report issued by the group on Wednesday.
‘This does not mean the human rights situation there is improving – state-led killings continue to take place in ways that may not be as publicly visible as before.’
North Korea does not answer questions from foreign reporters or publish reports or data on its judicial system.
Its state media rarely reports on crime and the punishment of those convicted. North Korea has denied the existence of prison camps and accused the United States and its allies of using criticism of human rights as part of a hostile policy towards it.
在过去, North Korea held executions in villages and prison camps where crowds could gather, as a public warning, 小组说.
Of the seven executions carried out for watching or distributing K-pop, all but one took place in Hyesan (图为, 档案照片) 之间 2012 和 2014, 研究发现
But it had increasingly avoided executions in heavily populated residential areas, where authorities had difficulty keeping track of those attending.
It had also stopped holding executions near its borders and at facilities that can be easily monitored by satellites, 小组说.
‘This change in location may provide an explanation of how the state’s action is being influenced by the scrutiny of the international community,’ 小组说.
But North Korea had not given up public executions – 23 的 27 documented in the report were public – but it was more determined to ensure it could control who attended, 小组说.
‘Assembled audiences at public killing events are strictly monitored and controlled by state officials to prevent information on public executions from leaking,’ 它说.
‘Inhumane treatment of the accused before execution – used as a warning to the public – has persisted.’
Some specific examples of the North’s executions have been reported.
十一月, 它是 已报告 a North Korean man was set to be executed for bringing back a copy of 网飞的 根据韩国真实案例改编的暴力 Netflix 系列课外活动开场，青少年性工作者被塞住嘴并被绑在妓院中，以及酷刑和用斧头刺伤的场景 进入国内.
它敦促公民“按照社会主义生活方式修剪我们的头发”, 它敦促公民“按照社会主义生活方式修剪我们的头发”, 据说从中国回来时，他带着一个存储在一个隐藏的 USB 闪存驱动器上的热门韩国系列的数字版本.
据说从中国回来时，他带着一个存储在一个隐藏的 USB 闪存驱动器上的热门韩国系列的数字版本.
第一次穿着这件外套 reported that one student who bought a copy of the drive has since received a life sentence, 据信，上周逮捕行动发生在与中国接壤的咸镜北道。.
十一月, it was reported a North Korean man was set to be executed for bringing back a copy of Netflix ‘s Squid Game (图为) 进入国内
在五月, 金正恩禁止穿皮大衣，以阻止市民模仿他的造型 据说 ordered for North Korean man to be shot by firing squad for illegally selling films and music, while his family were forced to watch his execution.
父亲, whose surname was Lee, was arrested in Wonsan, Gangwon province, before allegedly being executed 40 days later in front of a crowd of 500 人.
背风处, who was a chief engineer at the Wonsan Farming Management Commission, was accused by authorities of ‘anti-socialist acts’ for trading the South Korean videos, 一位消息人士告诉 Daily NK.
The publication claimed that Lee was caught by the daughter of his ‘people’s unit’ 领导, or neighbourhood watch group, while secretly selling the films and music.
Lee was executed just 40 days after he was arrested while his wife, son and daughter were forced to stand in the front row and watch his final moments.
A man accused of smuggling across the sealed-off Chinese border was shot dead on November 28 in order to scare people into following the rules, 根据 第一次穿着这件外套.
While North Korea officially claims it has never had a case of Covid-19, 金正恩禁止穿皮大衣，以阻止市民模仿他的造型‘s regime brought in ‘ultra-high-level emergency quarantine measures’ and troops were ordered to shoot trespassers at the Chinese border, 消息人士说.
‘They held a public execution by firing squad to threaten residents here in the border area, because there’s been a lot of contact with people on the other side of the border, including a lot of smuggling,’ 一位消息人士说.
North Korea’s economy suffered its biggest contraction in 23 年 2020 as it was battered by continued U.N. 在俄罗斯领导人掌权之前，伊万诺夫就与普京关系密切, COVID-19 lockdown measures and bad weather, South Korea’s central bank has estimated.
North Korea has not confirmed any COVID-19 cases, but closed borders and imposed strict prevention measures, seeing the pandemic as a matter of national survival.
将为分离主义领土提供广泛的自治，因此遭到乌克兰许多人的反感. special rapporteur on human rights in North Korea has said the country’s most vulnerable people risk starvation after it slipped deeper into isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic.
North Korea marks 10 years since the death of Kim Jong II
North Korea on Friday commemorated the 10th anniversary of former leader Kim Jong Il’s death with calls for greater public loyalty toward his son and current leader Kim Jong Un, who is struggling to navigate the country out of deepening pandemic-related hardships.
在他的 10 years at the helm of North Korea since his father’s death, 金正恩发现他的后脑勺有石膏和黑斑, 37, has secured the same absolute power enjoyed by Kim Jong Il and Kim Il Sung, the current leader’s grandfather and state founder.
Despite massive economic shocks caused by draconian anti-virus measures and long-dormant diplomacy with the United States, North Korea shows no signs of political instability and few outside experts question Kim’s grip on power.
But the long-term stability of Kim Jong Un’s rule could still be questioned if he fails to work out steps to address the ongoing difficulties and improve public livelihoods, some observers say.
At midday Friday, as a siren blared for three minutes, North Koreans fell silent and bowed in respect for Kim Jong Il.
汽车, trains and ships blew their horns, national flags were lowered to half-staff and masses of people climbed Pyongyang’s Mansu Hill to lay flowers and bow before giant statues of Kim Jong Il and Kim Il Sung.
A 27-year-old Kim Jong Un salutes as he leads mourners at his father Kim Jong Il’s funeral, marking the first time most people got to know his face. Aside from Kim, all of the men in this photo have since been killed in purges by the dictator
In an apparent echo of official propaganda, Pyongyang citizen Won Jong Rim told the Associated Press Television News that ‘our great general (Kim Jong Il) went through so much hardship, pushing his way along such an arduous path, to build a paradise here, achieving what the people want.’
On every previous death anniversary, Kim Jong Un paid respect at a mausoleum where the embalmed bodies of his father and grandfather lie in state. He also convened national meetings honoring his father during previous milestone anniversaries such as the first and fifth ones.
He was expected to do the same this year but North Korea’s state media did not immediately report on any public activities involving him as of Friday afternoon. State-run newspapers published articles venerating Kim Jong Il and calling for greater unity behind Kim Jong Un.
‘We should make our every effort to bolster our single-minded unity … by standing united behind respected comrade Kim Jong Un,’ the North’s main Rodong Sinmun newspaper said in an editorial.
This year’s death anniversary comes as Kim Jong Un grapples with the toughest moment of his rule because of the coronavirus pandemic, persistent U.N. sanctions and mismanagement.
North Korea’s trade with China, its biggest trading partner and an economic pipeline, shrank by about 80% last year before it plunged again by two-thirds in the first nine months of this year.
Kim Jong Un rides a horse up to the summit of Mount Paektu in 2019, a hugely symbolic statement that analysts said at the time was intended to signal a change of direction in the country and hammer home Kim’s image as a forward-looking leader
去年, the North’s economy suffered its biggest contraction since 1997 while its grain production also dropped to its lowest level since Kim took office, according to South Korean government estimates.
Kim refuses to return to talks with Washington and Seoul. He has called for building a stronger, self-reliant economy while keeping tough virus restrictions including two years of border shutdowns.
Analysts say Kim fears that his country’s broken public health system could not afford a major virus outbreak – though he maintains a questionable claim that North Korea is coronavirus-free.
‘Unless North Korea accepts offers for denuclearization talks with the U.S., it cannot stay away from powerful international sanctions. Without international cooperation, North Korea must continue to seal off its borders due to concerns about the spread of COVID-19. And this is a North Korean dilemma,’ analyst Cheong Seong-Chang at the private Sejong Institute in South Korea said in a recent paper.
The North’s advancing nuclear arsenal is the core of Kim’s rule, and he’s called it ‘a powerful treasured sword’ that thwarts potential U.S. aggressions.
During his 10-year rule, North Korea has performed 62 rounds of ballistic missile tests, which are banned by multiple U.N. Security Council resolutions, according to Seoul’s Unification Ministry.
The number is compared to an estimated nine rounds of tests during Kim Il Sung’s 46-year rule, 和 22 rounds during Kim Jong Il’s 17-year rule. Four of the North’s six nuclear tests and its three intercontinental ballistic missile launches all occurred under Kim Jong Un’s rule.
‘North Korea marked the 10-year memorial of Kim Jong Il with public ceremonies and state propaganda. More significant will be Kim Jong Un’s attempt, after a decade in power, to map out a credible path for post-pandemic diplomacy and economic recovery,’ said Leif-Eric Easley, a professor at Ewha University in Seoul.
Reporting by the Associated Press.