Oxford Street M&S: Fury as plans to bulldoze iconic site get go-ahead

Not just any demolitionOxford Street M&S demolition: Fury as council approves BULLDOZING of 1930s Art Deco block that is home to Marks and Spencer to replace it with ‘UGLYmodern alternative

  • Westminster City Council has approved plans to demolish Orchard House and two buildings on Oxford Street
  • The three buildings make up the Marks and Spencer flagship store on Oxford Streetits biggest site in the UK
  • The building will be replaced with a 10-storey site which will house M&S, as well as have office and gym space
  • Campaigners had made a bid to save the building, with The 20th Century Society attempting to get it listed
  • But the Government rejected the bid and the plans passed through council’s committee five to one in favour
  • It comes after John Lewis announced plans to revamp its Oxford Street store, along with House of Fraser
  • The former Debenhams store is also due to be revamped to shops and office space following closure in May
  • Marks and Spencer will wave goodbye to its largest and most prestigious store – オン ロンドン‘s famous Oxford Streetafter council chiefs gave the chain the green light to tear down the 91-year-old site.

    The respected retailer has been given the go-ahead to demolish the three buildings housing its iconic flagship London store.

    Included in the demolition works will be the 1930s Art Deco-style Orchard Housewhich proudly faces out on to Oxford Street on one side and its somewhat grander neighbour, セルフリッジ, on its other.

    In its place will be a modern 10-storey mixed-use building containing a new M&S store, along with cafe and restaurant areas, as well as prime office gym space and a new pedestrian arcade.

    But while M&S bosses say the multi-million redevelopment will help maintainand improveits offering on Oxford Street despite the rapidly changing face of retail, critics have reacted with fury at the loss of one of the world famous street’s most iconic buildings.

    Others have taken a swing at the design of the new building, which they have branded as ‘ugly’, while campaign groups, including SAVE Britain’s Heritage, have urged councillors, architects and retail bosses to rethink the plans.

    The M&S project, which is expected to be completed in 2027, is the latest, and perhaps most dramatic, redevelopment plan for Oxford Street.

    It comes after IKEA earlier this year were given the green light to convert Topshop into one of its flat-pack furniture mega-stores, while the John Lewis, House of Fraser and Debenhams buildings are also all set for a major revamp.

    Marks and Spencer will wave goodbye to its largest and most prestigious store (写真) - on London's famous Oxford Street - after council chiefs gave the chain the green light to tear down the more than 90-year-old site
    In its place will be a modern 10-storey mixed-use building (写真: An artist's impression of the new site) containing a new M&S store, along with cafe and restaurant areas, as well as prime office gym space and a new pedestrian arcade.
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    Marks and Spencer will wave goodbye to its largest and most prestigious storeon London’s famous Oxford Streetafter council chiefs gave the chain the green light to tear down the more than 90-year-old site (左の写真: The current site. Swipe right to see the new plans). In its place will be a modern 10-storey mixed-use building containing a new M&アンプ;S store, along with cafe and restaurant areas, as well as prime office gym space and a new pedestrian arcade.

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    Included in the demolition works will be the 1930s Art Deco-style Orchard House (左の写真: The current site. Swipe right for the redevelopment of an old site) – which proudly faces out on to Oxford Street on one side and its grander neighbour of Selfridges on its other. The M&アンプ;S project, which is expected to be completed in 2027, is the latest, and perhaps most dramatic, redevelopment plan for Oxford Street

    Marks and Spencer’s plan will see Orchard House and two other buildingswhich have been home to the retailer since its construction in 1930 – completely demolished to make way for one new 10-storey building.

    The history of Orchard House

    Best known as the home of Marks and Spencer’s flagship Oxford Street, Orchard House was built in 1930 by the construction firm Thomas & Edge.

    The building was not built expressly for the firm, nor was it intended as its primary West End outlet.

    The original promoters of Orchard House were J. Lyons & 会社, who built Orchard House through Maxwell & Ponting Ltd, a company they had lately acquired.

    Plans were first submitted in 1928 by architects Trehearne & Normanthen as a speculative design for a six-storey block of shops and offices.

    The design featured the orthodox stone-faced classicism common to major London buildings of its type and time.

    It also featured a series of sculpted heads adorning keystones and balconies based on characters from Alice in Wonderland and Alice through the Looking Glass, carved by A. T. Bradford.

    Most have since been removed, but the White Knight remains above the first-floor window on the Orchard Street corner, just visible beneath the projecting clock.

    Construction started in 1929 – at a time when Marks and Spencer were actively seeking a new store in the West End.

    On the opening day, the press noted that the decoration and lighting were ‘simple and artistic’, and ‘the display counters leave plenty of room to move about’. At the time the store employed 250 assistants and, after proving a success, bosses opened a cafe-bar and a larger sales floor.

    On the opening day, the press noted that the decoration and lighting were ‘simple and artistic’, and ‘the display counters leave plenty of room to move about’. At the time the store employed 250 assistants and, after proving a success, bosses opened a cafe-bar and a larger sales floor.

    Simon Marksson of founder Michael Markswas determined to open a store on Oxford Street. He was so determined in fact that he told investors he wanted a store on the prestigious street ‘even if it never made a profitinstead saying it was ‘good advertisement for the business’.

    And so the firm went ahead and agreed a deal to take the bottom floors of Orchard House.

    On the opening day, the press noted that the decoration and lighting were ‘simple and artistic’, and ‘the display counters leave plenty of room to move about’.

    At the time the store employed 250 assistants and, after proving a success, bosses opened a cafe-bar and a larger sales floor.

    It became a training centre in 1967 – when Marks and Spencer took over the entire building.

    The building was extended in 1970, which allowed the sales are to be doubled, and stock rooms and staff quarters to be increased.

    Marks and Spencer expanded westwards into 466 Oxford Street in 1979, and acquired the premises of the National Provincial Bank in 1994.

    After this steady expansion, the store had a sales area of more than 174,000 平方フィート.

    ソース: UCL

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    M&S will occupy just two and a half floors of the new building, rather than the five currently used. The other floors will be taken up by office and gym space.

    計画, drawn up by architects Pilbrow & Partners, were approved on Tuesday night after a battle with campaigners to save the old building.

    The 20th Century Societya British charity which campaigns for the preservation of architectural heritage from 1914 以降 – had lodged an application with the Department for Culture, Media and Sport to get the building listed.

    But following advice given by Historic England, the Government rejected the applicationultimately sealing the fate of Orchard House.

    The heritage agency said the buildingerected in 1929–30 by Thomas & Edge Ltd to designs by Trehearne & Normanwas ‘not regarded as innovative nor of sufficient architectural qualityto merit protection.

    However the move has angered campaign groups, including SAVE Britain’s Heritagea group of journalists, historians, architects, and planners campaigning publicly for endangered historic buildings.

    Executive director Marcus Binney told MailOnline: ‘This is a good quality building designed by an able architect which pays homage to its illustrious neighbour Selfridges and should stand for another hundred years.

    ‘Turning it into rubble and rebuilding it make even more of a joke of Westminster’s carbon policies than their silly mound at Marble Arch.

    彼が追加した: ‘Stop facing both ways M&S on green issues, withdraw these plans and recognise that the public won’t have big corporations adopting double standards on this issue.

    The 20th Century Society, which campaigned to get the building listed, also expressed disappointment at the plans.

    Director Catherine Croft told MailOnline: ‘I think it’s a real shame, not just because of the loss of this building but I think it will also change the experience of walking west up Oxford Street as well.

    On the new building, she noted that the design had similiarities to the soon-to-be demolished Orchard House.

    ‘I think if you are going to take down a building like this then you should do something different rather than just providing a newer version of something already there,’ Ms Croft added.

    Meanwhile Create Streets, which was founded by Nicholas Boys Smith, head of the non-departmental Office for Place agency, slammed the new design.

    He said Pilbrow & Partnersnew block was ‘ugly spreadsheet architecture,’ a ‘waste of embodied carbonand ‘barely biggerthan the existing building.

    しかしM&S chiefs today defended the plans. Sacha Berendji, Group Property, Store Development and IT Director told MailOnline: ‘M&S has a long history in Marble Arch, and so we are pleased to receive approval for redevelopment.

    ‘This means we will be able to serve the communities of the west end of Oxford Street from a modernised store offering the best of our products and services, and establish a building which positively contributes to our net zero targets over the long term with strong sustainability credentials, which is another step forward in the transformation of our store estate to be fit for the future.

    Others meanwhile have questioned the environmental benefit of knocking down the old building in favour of a new building.

    による Architects Journal, Geoff Barraclough, one councillor who voted against the scheme, told fellow committee members: ‘There is merit in Orchard House, particularly the way it sits with Selfridges, to be reflective or subservient to it.

    ‘The new building is the reverse: its overbearing and overshadows Selfridges, and its very large.

    Marks and Spencer's plan will see Orchard House and two other buildings - which have been home to the retailer since its construction in 1930 - completely demolished to make way for one new 10-storey building. 写真: The Marks and Spencer building in Oxford Street in 1964

    Marks and Spencer’s plan will see Orchard House and two other buildingswhich have been home to the retailer since its construction in 1930 – completely demolished to make way for one new 10-storey building. 写真: The Marks and Spencer building in Oxford Street in 1964

    M&S chiefs say 90 per cent of materials from the old building will be recycled to develop the new building and that once complete the new site will be carbon positive - meaning it will actually take away carbon dioxide rather than produce it

    M&S chiefs say 90 per cent of materials from the old building will be recycled to develop the new building and that once complete the new site will be carbon positivemeaning it will actually take away carbon dioxide rather than produce it

    ‘[There will be] 39,500 tonnes of carbon in the building of this new construction. Its great that there is some urban greening on it but, according to the applicant’s own report, それら 39,500 tonnes of carbon would require 2.4 million trees to offset. You can’t get 2.4 million trees on top of the new building.

    House of Fraser will shut its Oxford Street shop next year after both Topshop and Debenhams both closed flagship branches

    House of Fraser will shut its flagship Oxford Street shop permanently in January.

    The department store chain, which is owned by Sports Direct founder Mike Ashley’s Frasers Group, will close the branch next year after being served notice.

    The owner of 318 Oxford Street, Public Properties Establishment, has been given permission from Westminster Council for a £100million redevelopment that will include a gym and pool, お店, several floors of office space and a top floor restaurant with views across London.

    声明の中で, Frasers warned of more closures unless the Government’s business rates tax system is overhauled to support the UK high street.

    House of Fraser is the third major UK retailer to close or downsize on Oxford Street in the past year amid the pandemic.

    Debenhams shut after the chain went bust last year, and Frasers’s neighbour John Lewis is seeking to convert several floors into offices following a long-term hit to footfall.

    And last month, Ikea revealed it would take over the Topshop building on the Oxford Circus junction.

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    ‘Just to put that 39,500 tonnes of carbon in context, last week the council announced that we are going to spend £17 million to retrofit all of our building to save 1,700 tonnes of carbon every year. And so this is 23 years of what we have just saved as a council, going into one building.

    M&S chiefs say 90 per cent of materials from the old building will be recycled to develop the new building and that once complete the new site will be carbon positivemeaning it will actually take away carbon dioxide rather than produce it.

    Bosses also say the building design has been been given an outstanding rating by the sustainability group BREEAMthe highest possible award.

    The reason for demolishing the building meanwhile has been put down to the internal structure of the building, which has many pillars.

    These internal pillars make it difficult to bring the current interior up to the modern day design specifications for its shops, M&S chiefs say.

    MailOnline contacted Pilbrow & Partners for a comment, but did not receive a request prior to publication. In a statement to Architects Journal, the firm said: ‘We looked carefully at the potential refurbishment of the three separate buildings on the site, unfortunately their configuration precluded delivering the quality of retail space required by M&S.

    ‘Westminster City Council have recognised the need for significant investment and regeneration on Oxford Street if it is to remain a successful retail centre in the face of unprecedented technological change (not to mention the pandemic).

    ‘Our scheme reconceives Granville Place as an attractive pedestrian destination – a St Christopher’s Place West.

    ‘We create a new east-west link between Orchard Street and Granville Place with a new public arcade and offer further permeability north-south through the new M&S unit. Both routes converge on a garden animated by a café.

    その間,Westminster City Council Chairman of Planning, Robert Rigby, 前記: ‘Our planning policies now reflect our strong commitment to sustainability and the emphasis on refurbishment wherever possible rather than demolition.

    ‘However we recognise that this will not be possible in all cases in order to ensure buildings meet the needs of the City.

    ‘The proposed building remains in keeping with the surrounding area and its heritage. The council is committed to transforming the Oxford Street District, and the new M&S store will play an important role in ensuing Oxford Street remains a vibrant attraction for shoppers.

    The 20th Century Society - a British charity which campaigns for the preservation of architectural heritage from 1914 以降 - had lodged an application with the Department for Culture, Media and Sport to get the building listed. But following advice given by Historic England, the Government rejected the application - ultimately sealing the fate of Orchard House. 写真: A view showing the Coronation decorations on Oxford Street, ロンドン, 21st May 1953

    The 20th Century Societya British charity which campaigns for the preservation of architectural heritage from 1914 以降 – had lodged an application with the Department for Culture, Media and Sport to get the building listed. But following advice given by Historic England, the Government rejected the applicationultimately sealing the fate of Orchard House. 写真: A view showing the Coronation decorations on Oxford Street, ロンドン, 21st May 1953

    It comes as House of Fraser earlier this month announced it will shut its flagship Oxford Street shop permanently in January.

    The department store chain, which is owned by Sports Direct founder Mike Ashley’s Frasers Group, will close the branch next year after being served notice.

    The owner of 318 Oxford Street, Public Properties Establishment, has been given permission from Westminster Council for a £100million redevelopment that will include a gym and pool, お店, several floors of office space and a top floor restaurant with views across London.

    声明の中で, Frasers warned of more closures unless the Government’s business rates tax system is overhauled to support the UK high street.

    House of Fraser is the third major UK retailer to close or downsize on Oxford Street in the past year amid the pandemic.

    Debenhams shut after the chain went bust last year. Owners of the building AHMM have since launched a consultation on proposals to refurbish Debenhams’ former flagship store on Oxford Street and transform it into a new retail and office scheme.

    Developer 334 Ramsbury Oxford Limited is planning to retain the existing building on 334 Oxford Street, adding new facades and three upper storeys with terraces.

    People wearing facemasks outside House of Fraser on Oxford Street in London

    People wearing facemasks outside House of Fraser on Oxford Street in London

    The department store chain, which is owned by Sports Direct founder Mike Ashley (左の写真), will close the branch next year after being served notice

    The department store chain, which is owned by Sports Direct founder Mike Ashley (左の写真), will close the branch next year after being served notice

    UK retailer House of Fraser’s long history

    House of Fraser was established in Glasgow in 1849 as Arthur and Fraser, and rebranded Fraser & Sons in 1891.

    During the early 20th Century, the company grew steadily, and transformed into a national chain after the Second World War.

    から 1936, the company expanded substantially through acquisitions, including Scottish Drapery Corporation, Binns, Barkers of Kensington, and Dickins & Jones and the Harrods group.

    It was first listed on the London Stock exchange in 1948.

    に 1985, ownership of the group passed to the Al Fayed family for a reported £615million.

    Ten years later, it was listed in the FTSE Index as House of Fraser plc as Harrods moved into private ownership.

    The former Harrod group store DH Evans on Oxford Street was rebranded as House of Fraser in 2001 and became the chain’s flagship store.

    During the 2000s and 2010s, the group made a number of acquisitions and was sold to Nanjing Xinjiekou Department Store Company, a leading chain of Chinese department stores, for a reported £450million in 2014.

    The group entered administration in 2018 and was bought by Mike Ashley’s Sports Direct chain for £90million.

    十一月に 2021, Ashley’s Frasers Group announced that it was permanently shutting its Oxford Store branch in January 2022.

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    318 Oxford Street was originally occupied by department store DH Evans, which merged with House of Fraser. The building has been occupied by House of Fraser since the early 2000s.

    Frasers bought House of Fraser for £90million in 2018 after it went into administration, but the store has struggled since. あった 43 House of Fraser shops in August, からダウン 48 the year before.

    A Frasers spokesman said: ‘It is with regret that we have been served notice by the landlord to close House of Fraser, Oxford Streetfollowing granted planning permission to redevelop the site.

    ‘We would like to take this opportunity to thank our staff for their hard work and dedication.

    The spokesman added: ‘Since acquiring in 2018, despite challenges faced, we have worked collaboratively with the landlord to keep the store trading 3 years longer than what was initially proposed by the previous owner.

    Frasers also took aim at the Government’s business rates system, a tax charged on the value of a commercial building which retailers argue put them at a disadvantage to online rivals.

    Retailers also claim building values are reviewed too slowly and leave them with unrealistic costs.

    ‘As a business, who is continuing to invest significantly into the British high street, we feel it’s only fair to recognise and request an urgent review of the current archaic business rates, which continue to be astonishingly outdated,’ 声明は言った.

    ‘If business rates were reviewed it would support the future of House of Fraser. Without this, further store closures are inevitable.

    Last year retail giant ジョンルイス announced plans to convert a large chunk of its famous Oxford Street store into offices.

    The John Lewis Partnership, which runs the department store chain and the Waitrose grocery arm, secured conditional planning permission from Westminster City Council last in October last year.

    計画の下で, nearly half of the firm’s flagship store could be turned into office space. It is part of plans by the embattled department store chain tries to stem its losses and return to profit.

    John Lewis' flagship department store is on London's Oxford Street. Bosses have submitted plans to turn around half of the store into office space

    ジョンルイス’ flagship department store is on London’s Oxford Street. Bosses have submitted plans to turn around half of the store into office space

    The John Lewis Partnership, which runs the department store chain and the Waitrose grocery arm, secured conditional planning permission from Westminster City Council last night

    The John Lewis Partnership, which runs the department store chain and the Waitrose grocery arm, secured conditional planning permission from Westminster City Council last night

    Shoppers shun High Street as retail sales fall for fifth month in a rowthe longest stretch on record

    Shoppers have continued to shun the high street with sales volumes falling for the fifth consecutive month, the longest continuous stretch on record.

    The drop was largely down to plummeting sales in non-food shops, with lighting and furniture businesses the hardest hit, the Office for National Statistics (我ら) 前記.

    Retail chiefs laid the blame at the doorstep of Government and urged ministers to find ways to reduce the issues with supply chains and high energy costs.

    ヘレン・ディキンソン, chief executive of the British Retail Consortium, said it was ‘vital’ のために UK economy that sales bounce back in the run-up to クリスマス.

    彼女は言いました: ‘Fuel shortages, wet weather and low consumer confidence all contributed to lower consumer demand this month, with household goods, furniture and books all hit particularly hard.

    ‘Retailers will be concerned by the slump in sales, just as they begin their preparations for the all-important Christmas period.

    ‘Labour shortages across the supply chains, on farms, factories, warehouses and lorry drivers, all threaten to derail this recovery and it is vital that Government finds a long-term solution to this problem.

    Commentators said the rest of the year could see traditional festive shopping patterns shift as a result of the problems.

    Retail expert Silvia Rindone, from Ernst and Young, 前記: 「ここ数年で, shoppers have tended to wait until late December to buy for Christmas in the hope of bagging some great bargains.

    '今年, with news of supply chain disruption and supply concerns for key products, shoppers are likely to pull forward their non-perishable Christmas spending into October and November to make sure they get what they want.

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    British high streets have taken a major hit in the past two years during the pandemic as the Government ordered shops to close and people bought goods online to avoid large crowds when they reopened.

    The drop was due to a fall in sales volumes in non-food stores, with lighting and furniture businesses the hardest hit, the Office for National Statistics said.

    Sales volumes in September were down 0.2 パーセント, following a 0.6 per cent fall in August, although they remain 4.2 per cent above pre-pandemic levels in February 2020.

    Fuel sales rose in the final weeks of September as panic buying led to many forecourts running dry after suppliers said the HGV driver shortage was affecting deliveries. Fuel sales rose 2.9 パーセント.

    Food sales volumes were also up by 0.6 パーセント, the ONS added, and remain 3.9 per cent above pre-Covid levels.

    But while shoppers opted to avoid high streets, sales online continued to rise and now account for 28.1 per cent of all spending – から 27.9 per cent in August.

    There was a particular surge in department store sales online, までに 3.8 パーセント, meaning nearly 10p in every £1 spent online goes to the likes of John Lewis, Debenhams or House of Fraser, ONSは言った.

    比較すると, household goods stores saw a 3.6 per cent drop in online sales.

    Darren Morgan, ONS director of economic statistics, 前記: ‘Household goods were the main driver of this month’s decline, with a fall of nearly 10 パーセント, while food sales ticked back up after falling last month.

    ‘Petrol sales exceeded their pre-pandemic level for the first time, with filling stations reporting very strong sales during the last week of September.

    ‘Despite the lifting of restrictions, in-store retail sales remain subdued, with many consumers still opting to shop online.

    Retail chiefs laid the blame at the doorstep of Government and urged ministers to find ways to reduce the issues with supply chains and high energy costs.

    ヘレン・ディキンソン, chief executive of the British Retail Consortium, 前記: ‘Retailers will be concerned by the slump in sales, just as they begin their preparations for the all-important Christmas period.

    ‘Fuel shortages, wet weather and low consumer confidence all contributed to lower consumer demand this month, with household goods, furniture and books all hit particularly hard.

    彼女は付け加えた: ‘For the sake of the UK’s economic recovery, it is vital that retail sales bounce back as we near the festive season.

    ‘Labour shortages across the supply chains, on farms, factories, warehouses and lorry drivers, all threaten to derail this recovery and it is vital that Government finds a long-term solution to this problem.

    House of Fraser's flagship Oxford Street department store closed in April 2020

    House of Fraser’s flagship Oxford Street department store closed in April 2020

    A person walks past closed doors at the closed down Debenhams store on Oxford Street

    A person walks past closed doors at the closed down Debenhams store on Oxford Street

    Looking forward, commentators said the rest of the year could see traditional festive shopping patterns shift as a result of the problems.

    Silvia Rindone, EY UK and Ireland retail expert, 前記: 「ここ数年で, shoppers have tended to wait until late December to buy for Christmas in the hope of bagging some great bargains.

    ‘However this year, with news of supply chain disruption and supply concerns for key products, shoppers are likely to pull forward their non-perishable Christmas spending into October and November to make sure they get what they want.

    Ikea announces it will turn Oxford Street Topshop into a six-floor mega store in £378m deal

    Ikea is buying the former Topshop flagship store on London’s Oxford Street for £378 million. The building dates back to the 19th century, when it was occupied by a series of narrow shops backing onto a back alley, before it was damaged and covered up with advertising during the Second World War.

    Having operated as the Peter Robinson department store and an outlet for fellow retailer Burton in the 60s, it was eventually taken over by Topshop in 1965.

    Ikea told MailOnline the store will feature smaller items across six floors, with the full range available to order for delivery.

    The deal has been seen as a much-needed vote of confidence for central London, which has seen tourist footfall decimated by the pandemic.

    以来 2019 Ikea has opened shops in major cities such as Tokyo, マドリッド, モスクワ, Paris and New York to grow its presence on busy high streets.

    It now plans to open Ikea Oxford Street in autumn 2023, following the planned launch of its Hammersmith store later this winter.

    The West End store had been home to Sir Philip Green’s flagship Topshop site but was put on the market after parent firm Arcadia Group tumbled into administration last year.

    ザ・ 214 Oxford Street property will now have Ikea’s smaller format store with a selection of its accessories, furniture and a planning studio across roughly a third of the building’s 22,200 square metres over seven floors.

    Krister Mattsson, managing director of Ingka Investments, Ikea’s property-buying arm, 前記: ‘We are delighted to have signed this agreement for a property on one of Europe’s busiest shopping streets and it represents another opportunity to create a more accessible, affordable and sustainable Ikea for our customers.

    Demand for department stores: Topshop started life in 1964 as the 'Top Shop' concession within the now defunct Peter Robinson department store in Sheffield. 写真, shoppers queue up outside the entrance to the Peter Robinson Oxford Street store in 1978

    Demand for department stores: Topshop started life in 1964 as the ‘Top Shopconcession within the now defunct Peter Robinson department store in Sheffield. 写真, shoppers queue up outside the entrance to the Peter Robinson Oxford Street store in 1978

    ‘This property offers great potential for retail space, and we firmly believe in the long-term value of the real estate market in London.

    Peter Jelkeby, country retail manager and chief sustainability officer at Ikea UK & アイルランド, 前記: ‘Even though online shopping continues to accelerate at a rapid pace, our physical stores (large and small), will always be an essential part of the Ikea experience – as places for inspiration and expertise, community and engagement.

    ‘Bringing Ikea to the heart of Oxford Street – one of the most innovative, dynamic and exciting retail destinations in the world – is a direct response to these societal shifts and an exciting step forward in our journey to becoming a more accessible Ikea.

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