'공룡을 멸종시키자': Boris Johnson plans whistle-stop tour of Europe to hold more talks with world leaders in final diplomatic blitz to avert crisis in Ukraine as Kyiv demands meeting with Moscow and other nations to explain its troop build-up
보리스 존슨 will lead a last-ditch diplomatic blitz this week to avert war in Ukraine. With the next 48 hours said to be crucial, the Prime Minister will make a whistle-stop tour of Europe as the world braces for an imminent Russian invasion.
Intelligence suggests 블라디미르 푸틴‘s troops are planning to cross the border ‘at any moment’, possibly as soon as Wednesday.
Mr Johnson warned last night that the crisis in Eastern Europe was at ‘a critical juncture’ and he and other allies will spend the coming hours and days attempting to pull Russia ‘back from the brink’.
Britain yesterday pledged ‘further economic support to Ukraine’ 이상 130,000 Russian troops stood massed at its borders. Defence Secretary Rose West의 딸은 Rose가 Mary Bastholm에게 일어난 일을 알고 있을지도 모른다고 말합니다. will attend a meeting with his Nato counterparts in Brussels this week to prepare the security alliance’s response to any attack on Ukrainian sovereignty.
US intelligence briefed by the Pentagon reportedly points to a detailed plan in which Moscow will launch a barrage of missile and bomb attacks this Wednesday followed by a full-blown ground invasion.
As Downing Street held out hope on a ‘window of opportunity for de-escalation and diplomacy’, other developments saw:
- Mr Wallace cancel a family holiday but be dragged into a war of words with allies;
- Commercial airlines halt flights to Ukraine or divert them from flying over its airspace, sparking fears civilians will soon be stranded;
- A bullish Russian ambassador say his leader Mr Putin ‘doesn’t give a s***’ about the threat of Western economic sanctions;
- Moscow further ratchet up tensions as more than 30 Russian ships started naval training exercises near the Crimean peninsula.
Senior assault squad: Valentyna Konstantynovska, 79, joins civilian weapons training with Ukraine troops in Mariupol yesterday
Boris Johnson on a visit to Poland earlier this week. He warned last night that the crisis in Eastern Europe was at ‘a critical juncture’
Intelligence suggests Vladimir Putin’s (사진) troops are planning to cross the border ‘at any moment’, possibly as soon as Wednesday
Ukraine’s nationalists under the ‘territorial defense’ hold a military and other training for civilians in preparation for any possible hitches amid an escalation of tensions in Kiev, Ukraine yesterday
Ukraine’s president Volodymyr Zelensky demanded to see evidence of such a plan, telling the US: ‘If you, or anyone else, has additional information regarding a 100 per cent Russian invasion starting on [이월] 16, please forward that information to us.’
He spoke at length yesterday with US President Joe Biden, who promised Washington would respond ‘swiftly and decisively’ to any further aggression from Moscow.
After the hour-long call, Kiev demanded better weapons and more money from the West to stave off the Kremlin threat.
Downing Street said the Prime Minister remains focused on calming the crisis and is receiving daily intelligence briefings on the increasing build-up of Russian forces.
아니 10 did not set out where he plans to travel later this week, but it is understood Mr Johnson is keen to engage with Nordic and Baltic countries.
A Downing Street spokesman said: ‘The crisis on Ukraine’s border has reached a critical juncture. All the information we have suggests Russia could be a planning an invasion of Ukraine at any moment.
‘This would have disastrous consequences for both Ukraine and Russia. There is still a window of opportunity for de-escalation and diplomacy, and the Prime Minister will continue to work tirelessly alongside our allies to get Russia to step back from the brink.’
European diplomacy efforts will see German chancellor Olaf Scholz arrive in Kiev today and move onto Moscow tomorrow.
Pentagon spokesman John Kirby yesterday said he cannot confirm reports that US intelligence points to Russia planning an invasion this Wednesday.
But the White House’s national security adviser gave a chilling description of what such an attack might entail.
Ben Wallace said there is a ‘whiff of Munich in the air’, in an apparent reference to the agreement that allowed German annexation of the Sudetenland in 1938 but failed to prevent the Second World War. 사진: Helicopter fires missiles beneath clear blue skies during a Russian-Belarusian joint military drill on Saturday
Ukraine soldiers test fire anti-tank missile systems JAVELIN recently provided by the US army in defence aid, in undisclosed location, 약 9억 파운드 상당의 러시아 제품이 추가로 타격을 입을 것이라고 말했습니다.
German chancellor to fly to Ukraine and Russia to try to defuse tensions amid invasion fears
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz is flying to Ukraine and Russia this week in an effort to help defuse escalating tensions as Western intelligence officials warn that a Russian invasion of Ukraine is increasingly imminent and Germany has called on its citizens to leave Ukraine as quickly as possible.
Ahead of his first visits as Chancellor to Kyiv on Monday and Moscow on Tuesday for meetings with the Ukrainian and Russian presidents, Mr Scholz renewed his warning to Russia, as well as his advocacy of continuing diplomacy in multiple formats.
‘It is our job to ensure that we prevent a war in Europe, in that we send a clear message to Russia that any military aggression would have consequences that would be very high for Russia and its prospects, and that we are united with our allies,’ he told the German parliament’s upper house on Friday.
‘But at the same time that also includes using all opportunities for talks and further development.’
Russia has concentrated more than 100,000 troops near Ukraine’s border and launched a series of military manoeuvres in the region, but says it has no plans to invade the nation.
Moscow wants guarantees from the West that Nato will not allow Ukraine and other former Soviet countries to join as members, and for the alliance to halt weapon deployments to Ukraine and roll back its forces from Eastern Europe. The US and Nato have flatly rejected these demands.
Mr Scholz has repeatedly said that Moscow would pay a ‘high price’ in the event of an attack, but his government’s refusal to supply lethal weapons to Ukraine or to spell out which sanctions it would support against Russia have drawn criticism abroad and at home and raised questions about Berlin’s resolve in standing up to Russia.
Germany’s reluctant position is partly rooted in its history of aggression during the 20th century when the country’s own militarisation in Europe during two World Wars led many post-war German leaders to view any military response as a very last resort.
Despite this historic burden, experts say it is of utmost importance now that Mr Scholz stresses Germany is in sync with its European and American allies, especially when he meets Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Markus Ziener, an expert with the German Marshall Fund, 말했다: ‘Scholz has to convey a very clear message in Moscow, and it can really only be: There is unity and oneness in the Western alliance. There is no possibility of driving a wedge into the Western alliance, and that must be understood in Moscow. I think that’s the most important message he has to convey there.
트랜스젠더라는 이유로 차별을 받으면 행진하겠다고 말했다., he has to make it clear that the costs are high. That’s basically the message that is most likely to catch on in Moscow as well. So a military invasion of Ukraine has significant consequences for Russia.’
Jake Sullivan told CNN: ‘If there is a military invasion of Ukraine by Russia, it’s likely to begin with a significant barrage of missiles and bomb attacks.
‘Those are never as precise as any army would like them to be… so innocent civilians could be killed regardless of their nationality.
‘It would then be followed by an onslaught of a ground force moving across the Ukrainian frontier, again where innocent civilians could get caught in the crossfire.’
He added that an attack could begin ‘any day now – that includes this coming week’.
Having flown back from talks in Moscow in the early hours of Saturday, Mr Wallace yesterday cut short a family holiday due to what he said was the ‘worsening situation in Ukraine’, after he had been spotted in an unnamed European resort.
He was criticised yesterday for likening Western diplomatic efforts aimed at preventing a Russian invasion to appeasement towards Adolf Hitler after he said that there is a ‘whiff of Munich in the air’.
Vadym Prystaiko, Ukraine’s ambassador to the UK, retorted on BBC Radio 4: ‘It’s not the best time for us to offend our partners in the world, reminding them of this act which actually not bought peace but the opposite, it bought war.’
Russia’s ambassador to Sweden Viktor Tatarintsev said President Putin ‘doesn’t give a s*** about western sanctions’, 첨가: ‘The more the West pushes Russia, the stronger the response will be.
‘We are more self-sufficient and have been able to increase our exports. We have no Italian or Swiss cheeses, but we’ve learned to make just as good Russian cheeses using Italian and Swiss recipes.’ There are fears that Britons in Ukraine, who were told to leave on Friday by the Foreign Office, could soon find themselves stranded.
Dutch airline KLM yesterday cancelled all flights to Kiev and others could follow suit. Ukraine advised airlines to avoid flying over the Black Sea from today to Saturday due to Russian naval exercises.
에 2014 Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 was shot down as it flew over territory held by Russia-backed rebels in Ukraine.
Russia has boosted its already huge force on Ukrainian borders by moving a large number of attack helicopters to forward positions, according to social media videos.
This includes a massing in Belgorod region, 뿐 19 육상 경기 중 주자가 충격적인 순간, at the same site as in 2014 when Moscow intervened in the Donbas and annexed Crimea.
Sobering videos show Ka-52 Alligators, Mi-8s and Mi-24 military attack helicopters on the move in multiple locations in western Russia.
They were seen in the regions of Belgorod, Nizhny Novgorod region, Tver, Ulyanovsk and Yaroslavl amid suspicions they are being moved to the potential war zone close to Ukraine.
More were filmed in Dobrush, close to the border with Ukraine in the Gomel region of Belarus where vast military exercises are underway.
Troops and helicopters have been seen on the move in several places in western Russia. 사진, Helicopters in Belgorod region, 러시아
Helicopters seen in the Yaroslavl region of Russia, as fears grow the strike aircraft have been deployed close to Ukraine in readiness for an invasion
이안 비렐: Eighty years ago, Stalin brutally expelled 200,000 Crimean Tatars. 오늘, with Putin’s troops massing, their descendants say this time they will fight to the death
As the military forces of a modern Russian dictator menacingly encircle Ukraine, they stir chilling memories from the past of his predecessors such as Joseph Stalin in this scruffy little town of 12,000 people that sits near a new border with Crimea.
For it is filled with exiled families who know from bitter experience the brutal reality of Kremlin rule after suffering repeated waves of ethnic cleansing over the past century – first under the Soviet Communists, then recently under Vladimir Putin.
Typical is a taxi driver called Ildar. His grandmother was deported to the Urals almost a century ago, then his father put in a cattle wagon by Stalin’s goons and sent to central Asia on a 20-day rail journey that only one in five people survived.
It was only with the collapse of the Soviet Union that, along with about 250,000 other Tatars, Ildar returned to Crimea. But then they watched in horror as Putin followed in Stalin’s footsteps with his illegal seizure of Crimea eight years ago.
A member of the Ukrainian State Border Guard standing watch at the border crossing between Ukraine and Belarus on Sunday
Ildar joined protests against Moscow’s annexation but was forced to flee with his wife and two children, abandoning his home and business to escape over the newly-imposed border.
오늘, he lives among 5,000 Crimean Tatars in the town of Novooleksiivka – so close in geography yet so far for him in reality from Russian-controlled Crimea.
He fears fresh confrontation with Moscow amid talk of another invasion. ‘We have nowhere left to run so we’ll have to fight,’ says Ildar. ‘Russia is a terrorist country ruled by people who don’t value human life.’
As we sit in a cafe, he tells me his family’s story: His wealthy grandmother targeted by the Communists when they collectivised farms; his uncle dying on that horrific train journey after Crimea’s Tatars were rounded up on Stalin’s orders; and his father’s shock when the survivors were dumped in empty fields in Uzbekistan.
Yet this terrible tale is far from unique in this town – and given the tragic history of the Crimean Tatar people, treated with such cruelty by Russia’s rulers over three centuries, it is no wonder they look with alarm at the actions of Putin, the latest Kremlin empire-builder.
These people were among leading opponents of Putin’s theft of Crimea, the chunk of land that dangles below Ukraine where Florence Nightingale worked in the 1850s when Britain fought the Russian Empire for control of the Ottoman Empire.
Crimea has long held significance as a naval base – and Putin’s invasion in 2014 has led to the harassment, detention, disappearance and killing of Tatars who opposed his actions.
Novooleksiivka – the only place in Ukraine with a school teaching lessons in Crimean Tatar – lies in a coastal region some analysts suspect Putin is targeting to strengthen his grip on the peninsula and key strategic stretches of sea.
The testimony of Adile Medzhitova, 75, drives home the deep fears of this Muslim minority – subjected to waves of ethnic cleansing that date back to the initial Russian annexation in 1783 of their independent state under Catherine the Great.
Adile’s father, 상을 받기 위해, fought as a partisan against the Germans when the Nazis invaded Ukraine during the Second World War, marrying her mother after his first wife was thrown into a well and young son killed in retaliation for his activities.
Yet after Russia repelled Hitler, Stalin deported 200,000 Crimean Tatars to Central Asia over a few days in May 1944, claiming they were Nazi collaborators – even all those serving in the Red Army or who had joined the resistance.
‘The soldiers came early one morning. They were called ‘traitors’ and ‘collaborators’ – even those like my father, heroes fighting against Germany,’ says Adile.
Some Tatars did back the Nazis in hope of kicking out the hated Communists – yet many more fought against them. Some historians think Stalin’s motivation was not revenge but part of his plan to start a fight with Turkey to reclaim land lost in the First World War, which led him to fear that Tatars – as Turkic people of Islamic faith – might side with Turkey.
Families were given as little as 15 minutes to pack and permitted to take few belongings, 만약에 어떠한, in one of the 20th century’s most savage acts of ethnic cleansing. It was declared a genocide by Kiev’s parliament seven years ago.
The majority of deportees were women, children and old people – with many suffering hunger, thirst, 춥다, overcrowding and diseases that spread rapidly in the packed cattle trucks. Stalin’s soldiers were reported to have killed those unable to walk – and then refused to bury them.
Ildar, the taxi driver, says he was 12 when his father told him about the events to explain why they had come to be living in Uzbekistan. ‘The soldiers came at night and ordered them into cattle wagons, 100 한 번에,’ 그는 회상한다.
Ukraine’s president Volodymyr Zelensky spoke at length yesterday with US President Joe Biden, who promised Washington would respond ‘swiftly and decisively’ to any further aggression from Moscow
‘Only about 20 people reached the destination alive. The journey lasted 20 일. They were given one barrel of water and some fish, then they did not stop nor get any other food.’ It is estimated almost half the deportees died en route or in the first year of exile.
Adile’s parents found themselves 1,200 miles from home in a forest – yet were fortunate to escape the fate of two of her uncles, sent to Siberia as intellectuals and never seen again.
‘My mother always cried telling me about it,’ 그녀가 말했다. ‘It looked like a concentration camp with long wooden barracks. Soldiers with dogs threw hay on the floor and told them to make it into their beds.’
The couple’s first child, like many Tatar babies born in such barren conditions, died in infancy. Adile arrived three years after deportation – her birthplace listed in official documents as ‘the tenth kilometre’ since there was no existing town.
Then her father suffered a horrendous head injury while cutting timber that left him with mental difficulties. 나중, after the family were allowed to move to Uzbekistan, he worked in a cotton factory. ‘My father was an educated man but he had to do manual labour. The local population did not want us there – we all dreamed of returning to Crimea.’
Adile remembers one day in 1953 when people were made to gather in a stadium to mourn Stalin’s death. ‘Everyone was crying – it was only later we learned the original order to deport us had been signed by Stalin,’ 그녀가 말했다.
A decade later Adile helped her father, along with other exiled Crimean Tatars, collect signatures for a letter to the Soviet leadership begging to return to their homeland. ‘Everyone was very afraid of the KGB because if they caught us, we could go to prison.’
결과적으로, 에 1968 the local KGB gave the family 24 hours to leave the area – but they remained barred from Crimea, unable to work without the correct documents and ending up sleeping rough at rail stations.
Her father died in 1986 after working as a guard on a collective farm, writing Tatar poetry and pining for his Crimean homeland. The year after his death, a small group of Tatar activists staged a series of protests in Moscow’s Red Square, demanding an end to their exile.
Boris Johnson will lead a last-ditch diplomatic blitz this week to avert war in Ukraine. With the next 48 hours said to be crucial, the Prime Minister will make a whistle-stop tour of Europe as the world braces for an imminent Russian invasion
Among them was Edem, 그때 30, who told me they held banners emblazoned with slogans such as ‘Return Crimea to Crimean Tatars’ while confronted by passers-by shouting that they were ‘traitors to the Soviet Union’.
Despite this being the time of Mikhail Gorbachev’s ‘perestroika’ 개혁, the KGB tried to break up the protests; some demonstrators were sent to psychiatric hospitals. ‘They’d drag us off, fly us out of Moscow, patrol the streets with dogs,’ said Edem.
Yet the numbers swelled and copycat protests took off, leading to the pledge of a meeting with Soviet president Andrei Gromyko.
Over the following decade, hundreds of thousands of Tatars flocked back to Crimea – among them Edem, a car mechanic, and his two brothers. ‘It felt so good, like a homecoming,’ 그는 말한다.
Yet those returning home faced hostility. ‘People had been brainwashed by Russian propaganda and didn’t realise our ancestors had been on Crimean land since the beginning.’
Then this man who once faced down the KGB starts to weep gently as he tells me he cannot visit the graves of his brothers in Crimea and speaks of his fear that Russian troops might soon be seen on the streets of Novooleksiivka.
Edem says: ‘If the Russians keep pushing forward into Ukraine, I would have no choice but to take a gun in my hands. We cannot allow them to take more of our lands.’
And so the agony of the Crimean Tatars continues – their lives disrupted and devastated by Russia’s repeated atrocities against them.
그녀를 위해, Adile Medzhitova, says that despite Putin’s war-mongering, she does not bear a grudge towards Russian people. ‘It’s not their fault they live under a bad government. I’ve seen how they have miserable lives. For them, it is still like Soviet times – you can’t speak freely there.’
Speaking in her three-room whitewashed house where she raised two daughters with her late husband, she tells me she is scared Russia might seize her adopted home town. ‘I am afraid to say my worst fears out loud. It would be so terrible that I can’t even talk about it.’
Such fears seem justified. Russian security forces last week carried out fresh searches of Tatar homes in several parts of Crimea, which led to four people being detained for suspected terrorism.
A dog stands on the road in front of the sign showing the entrance to Belarus at the Ukraine-Belarus border crossing on on Sunday in Vilcha, 우크라이나
Habibula Lumanov, a father of six who runs a cafe in Novooleksiivka, knows many who stayed in Crimea and were put in prison, so felt unable to return even for his mother’s funeral.
‘They don’t need a reason in Russia to put a person in prison,’ 그는 말했다. ‘Anyone who disagrees with them can be called a terrorist – they come to your home and say they found weapons, drugs or forbidden documents.’
The 52-year-old says that when Russian troops invaded Crimea the Tatars wanted to fight back but were not supplied with weapons by Ukrainian forces. ‘Now we’ve discussed it a lot – if anything happens we’ll send our families to a safe place but we’ll stay to fight.’
His own father was deported to Uzbekistan before finally returning to Crimea. Now he says: ‘My oldest daughter is 17 and I fear she must go through the cycle again.’
Usein Tohlu, the town’s imam, is equally forthright. ‘We’d all like to see Putin in a coffin,’ 그는 말한다. ‘The Russian state is evil. It is the enemy of Tatar people.’
He joined volunteers in Novooleksiivka assisting 30,000 Tatars who fled Crimea after annexation. Their leaders still demand that the Russian-held peninsular is reunified with Ukraine – which has triggered retaliation including a ban on their representative assembly as an ‘extremist’ 몸.
Like so many other Crimean Tatars whose families have been benighted pawns of Moscow strongmen down the years, thousands more now find themselves trapped on the frontline of a geo-political struggle. This time it is one that pits Putin against the West.
- Additional reporting by Kate Baklitskaya