Pregnant and breastfeeding women don’t generate antibody levels after the first COVID-19 vaccine dose as high as those who aren’t mothers, 研究发现
Pregnant and breastfeeding women have slower immune responses to the first dose of the 新冠肺炎 vaccine than those who aren’t mothers, 一项新研究表明.
Researchers compared 95 mothers-to-be and new mothers to 16 non-pregnant women, all of whom were fully vaccinated.
They found that expecting and lactating women had fewer antibodies than other women after the initial dose, but their levels returned to ‘normal’ following the second shot.
团队 – 从 马萨诸塞州 General Hospital, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard Medical School in the Boston area – says the findings show how important it is that pregnant and breastfeeding women receive the second dose on time to lower their risk of serious illness and death from the virus.
A new study compared 84 孕妇, 31 breastfeeding women and 16 non-pregnant women, all of whom were fully vaccinated against Covid. 图为: A pregnant woman waits in line for groceries during a food pantry at St Mary’s Church in Waltham, 马萨诸塞州, 可能 2020
After the first dose, 孕 (蓝色) and breastfeeding women (紫色) had lower antibody levels than non-pregnant women (黄色). After the second dose, antibody levels of pregnant women returned to ‘normal’ while breastfeeding women had levels similar to non-pregnant women
For the study, published last week in the journal Science Translational Medicine, the team looked at 131 女人, 其中的 84 were pregnant, 31 were breastfeeding and 16 were non-pregnant.
All the women were close in age, mostly in their 30s, and all were fully vaccinated with either the Pfizer-BioNTech or the Moderna vaccine.
Researchers found that after the first dose, pregnant and breastfeeding women had lower antibody levels than non-pregnant women.
此外, the antibodies they did generate were not very powerful in gearing up the immune system to fight off Covid.
After the second dose, the antibody levels of pregnant women returned to ‘normal,’ according to the research team.
Breastfeeding women were able to see their antibody levels spike much more easily and has levels similar to those of non-pregnant women.
The pregnant women in the study were vaccinated at different trimesters and the research team says it hopes to examine in the future if there is an ideal time for vaccination during pregnancy.
As of October 23, the latest day for which data is available, 只要 34.6 percent of pregnant people have received at least one COVID-19 vaccine dose, 根据 疾病预防与控制中心 (CDC).
This is despite several studies finding that expecting mothers are at increased risk of contracting COVID-19 compared to the general population.
和, once they do fall ill with the virus, they are more likely to develop severe cases or die from it.
CDC data show just 34.6% of pregnant women (yellow line) 在美国. 已完全接种
一 研究 from the University of Washington in Seattle found pregnant women infected with Covid were 3.5 times more likely to be hospitalized with complications and nearly 14 times more likely to die than younger Americans.
Expectant mothers who have COVID-19 also more likely to experience complications with their pregnancies.
另一个 研究 from the University of Oxford in the UK, found mothers-to-be had a 76 percent higher risk of developing preeclampsia – a pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure – 和 59 percent more likely to give birth prematurely.
上个月, the CDC encouraged pregnant women to get vaccinated against COVID-19 after previously saying pregnant women were just ‘eligible’