クイーン: 'The people of Barbados have held a special place in my heart'

‘The people of Barbados have held a special place in my heart’: Queen bids fond farewell to her Caribbean realm as nation swears in its first president and becomes a republic

  • Caribbean island of Barbados will become a republic as they pass midnight local time today, 4am in the UK
  • Prince Charles is among dignitaries attending inauguration of country’s first president, Dame Sandra Mason
  • Queen bid her realm a fond farewell saying ‘the people of Barbados have held a special place in my heart
  • She told Dame Sandra: ‘I extend my congratulations to you and all Barbadianson ‘this significant occasion
  • Dame Sandra Mason becomes Barbados's first president in a ceremony taking place in Bridgetown this morning

    Dame Sandra Mason becomes Barbados’s first president in a ceremony taking place in Bridgetown this morning

    The Royal Standard was lowered in Barbados in the early hours of this morning as the Caribbean island became a republic.

    The Queen sent a message of congratulations to Dame Sandra Mason, the woman who replaces her as Head of State.

    Dame Sandra is being sworn in as the island nation’s first president at 400 years of loyalty to the British Crown in a ceremony in the capital Bridgetown attended by Prince Charles.

    In her message, the Queen wrote: ‘On this significant occasion and your assumption of office as the first President of Barbados, I extend my congratulations to you and all Barbadians.

    ‘I first visited your beautiful country on the eve of independence in early 1966, and I am very pleased that my son is with you today.

    'それ以来, the people of Barbados have held a special place in my heart; it is a country rightfully proud of its vibrant culture, its sporting prowess, and its natural beauty, that attracts visitors from all over the world, including many people from the United Kingdom.

    The Prince of Wales will highlight the shared goals and enduring bonds between Barbados and the UK during this morning’s ceremony.

    Charles will also tell the nation it is ‘importantfor him to attend the event to ‘reaffirm those things which do not changeas the major constitutional shift takes place.

    The heir to the throne will deliver his address just after midnight, local time, as Barbados begins a new chapter in its history on November 30 – the 55th anniversary of independence from Britain.

    The Queen's standard is lowered for the final time in Barbados this morning as the island nation becomes a republic

    The Queen’s standard is lowered for the final time in Barbados this morning as the island nation becomes a republic

    Prince Charles takes his seat at the ceremony where Dame Sandra Mason will replace his mother the Queen as Barbados's head of state

    Prince Charles takes his seat at the ceremony where Dame Sandra Mason will replace his mother the Queen as Barbados’s head of state

    The scene in Bridgetown, Barbados, this morning as Charles attended a ceremony to usher in its new era as a republic

    The scene in Bridgetown, Barbados, this morning as Charles attended a ceremony to usher in its new era as a republic

    Charles is seated in National Heroes Square in Barbados's capital Bridgetown as the ceremony got underway at midnight

    Charles is seated in National Heroes Square in Barbados’s capital Bridgetown as the ceremony got underway at midnight

    The Prince of Wales is greeted by Dame Sandra Mason, who will become President later, as he arrived in Barbados on Sunday

    The Prince of Wales is greeted by Dame Sandra Mason, who will become President later, as he arrived in Barbados on Sunday

    Barbados’s decision to remove the Queen as head of state will be watched closely by other members of the Commonwealth especially in the Caribbean region.

    Prime Minister Boris Johnson said the UK and Barbados will remain ‘steadfast friends and allieswith ‘a partnership built to last’.

    ‘As Barbados turns a new page in its history and becomes a republic, I am proud to celebrate the enduring relationship between our two countries,’ 彼は声明で言った.

    ‘We will remain steadfast friends and allies, building on the longstanding kinship and connections between our people and the unique bond of the Commonwealth.

    ‘Ours is a partnership built to last, as we tackle shared global challenges like the climate crisis and global recovery from the pandemic together.

    During the ceremony in National Heroes Square, Charles is expected to say: ‘As your constitutional status changes, it was important to me that I should join you to reaffirm those things which do not change.

    Locals joined in a 'Pride of Nationhood' celebration on Monday evening, the country's last day with the Queen as head of state

    Locals joined in a ‘Pride of Nationhoodcelebration on Monday evening, the country’s last day with the Queen as head of state

    Bridgetown was in party spirit late on Monday ahead of the swearing in of Dame Sandra Mason as the nation's first president

    Bridgetown was in party spirit late on Monday ahead of the swearing in of Dame Sandra Mason as the nation’s first president

    Proud Barbadian and West Indies cricket great Sir Garfield Sobers, 85, is greeted at the presidential inauguration in Bridgetown

    Proud Barbadian and West Indies cricket great Sir Garfield Sobers, 85, is greeted at the presidential inauguration in Bridgetown

    He will go on to give examples of the ties that will remain‘the close and trusted partnership between Barbados and the United Kingdom as vital members of the Commonwealthand ‘our common determination to defend the values we both cherish and to pursue the goals we share’.

    Charles is also expected to celebrate the cultural, social and economic bonds between the UK and Barbados, ‘the myriad connections between the people of our countriesthrough which flow admiration and affection, co-operation and opportunitystrengthening and enriching us all’.

    Barbados is following other Caribbean nations who have also dispensed with the Queen as their head of state, with Guyana becoming a republic in 1970, Trinidad and Tobago following in 1976 and Dominica two years later.

    In recent years Jamaica has also flagged it wants an elected head of state, with Prime Minister Andrew Holness saying it is a priority of his government, but has yet to achieve it.

    Charles is also expected to talk about reaffirming the friendship he has had with the island since he first visited 50 years ago and praise the invaluable contribution of the Barbadian diaspora in the UK.

    During the ceremony, service personnel will march past the prince and give their final salute to the monarchy before the Queen’s standard is lowered and the presidential flag raised.

    Celebrations got underway the Barbados's capital Bridgetown ahead of the ceremony swearing in its first president

    Celebrations got underway the Barbados’s capital Bridgetown ahead of the ceremony swearing in its first president

    The Queen is pictured meeting Dame Sandra Mason in a file picture. Dame Sandra will replace the Queen as head of state

    The Queen is pictured meeting Dame Sandra Mason in a file picture. Dame Sandra will replace the Queen as head of state

    Demonstrations are expected during the day with some Bajans demanding an apology and reparations from the monarchy and UK Government for slavery.

    Charles will also receive the Freedom of Barbados, awarded for extraordinary service to the country, the Caribbean diaspora or to humanity at large.

    The Queen has been Barbados’s head of state since it became independent in 1966 but the issue of becoming a republic has been discussed at national level during the following decades.

    Barbados is one of the Queen’s 16 realmscountries where she is head of stateand in the Caribbean region other countries include Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, ベリーズ, Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia and St Vincent.

    Charles arrived in Barbados on the ministerial jet Voyager late on Sunday night local time, and was greeted by a large diplomatic party led by Britain’s high commissioner to Barbados Scott Furssedonn-Wood.

    Barbadian prime minister Mia Motley and military chiefs lined a red carpet and were introduced to the prince.

    Also part of the welcoming group was a Guard of Honour and military band, and a deafening 21-gun salute rang out across the Grantley Adams International Airport to mark the prince’s arrival.

    The island paradise turning its back on the Queen: How rising republicanism will see one of UK’s oldest colonies Barbados sever its 400-year-old ties with the Crown to ‘leave its past behind’after taking $500M from China

    by MARTIN ROBINSON, Chief Reporter, and HARRY HOWARD, History Correspondent, for MailOnline

    今日, ほぼ 400 years after Barbados was claimed for her ancestor King James I by an English ship, 女王‘s role as head of state of the island comes to an end.

    The move by the nation’s politicians to turn it into a republic comes more than 50 years after it became fully independent in 1966.

    その年, Her Majesty and フィリップ王子 were greeted by rapturous crowds as they touched down in Bridgetown, Barbados’s capital, for the start of a five-week tour of the Caribbean.

    But the enduring popularity of the Queen amongst many Barbadians has not halted the ultimately successful drive to remove the monarch.

    Prince Charles last night landed in Barbados ahead of the historic ceremony which will remove his mother’s symbolic power before current Governor-General Dame Sandra Mason is sworn in tomorrow as the country’s first president.

    The ceremony will follow the decision which was made last year, when Ms Mason said that the ‘time has cometo fully leave our colonial past behind.

    しかしながら, in recent years Barbados has embraced a reported $490million in funding from China for new developments – although any suggestions that this relationship may create its own problems have been dismissed by the country’s prime minister, Mia Amor Mottley.

    Chinese money has gone on projects which include the construction of a Confucius Institute at the University of the West Indies’s campus in Barbados, the refurbishment of the national stadium in Bridgetown, the upgrade of he sewage system, the rebuilding of roads and the construction of a spa resort at the famous Sam Lord’s Castle.

    China has also donated a coastal patrol vessel to Barbados’s navy, 与えられた 30,000 doses of its Sinovac vaccine to combat the Covid-19 pandemic and sold 30 electric buses to the country.

    The investment has prompted suggestions that China is using the investment to gain political leverage in the region.

    When Barbados announced at the end of last year that it was going to become a republic, トマス・タジェンダト, chairman of the UK’s foreign affairs committee, accused Beijing of ‘playing a large rolein the decision.

    今日, ほぼ 400 years after Barbados was claimed for her ancestor King James I by an English ship, the Queen's role as head of state of the island comes to an end. 上: The Queen in Barbados during her five-week tour of the Caribbean in 1966

    今日, ほぼ 400 years after Barbados was claimed for her ancestor King James I by an English ship, the Queen’s role as head of state of the island comes to an end. 上: The Queen in Barbados during her five-week tour of the Caribbean in 1966

    The move by the nation's politicians to turn it into a republic comes more than 50 years after it became a fully independent nation in 1966. 上: The Queen in Barbados that year

    The Queen in Barbados during her Silver Jubilee tour in 1977

    The move by the nation’s politicians to turn it into a republic comes more than 50 years after it became a fully independent nation in 1966. その年, Her Majesty and Prince Philip were greeted by rapturous crowds (左の写真) as they touched down in Bridgetown, Barbados’s capital, for the start of a five-week tour of the Caribbean. 正しい: The Queen in Barbados during her Silver Jubilee tour in 1977

    It has been suggested Beijing has been buying up Barbados after heavy Chinese investment on the island. China built the Confucius Institute at the University of the West Indies as well as sold electric buses and shipped Covid jabs to Barbados

    Barbados’s move to remove the Queen as its head of state comes nearly 30 years after the last nation to do so – the island of Mauritius – in 1992.

    When English sailors settled on Barbados in 1627, it became Britain’s second colony – after Virginia had been founded in North America.

    From that starting point, the British Empire went on to cover nearly a quarter of the world’s surface and population.

    Barbados’s own parliament – which was modelled on that of its colonial master back in England – was established in 1639, making it the third oldest in the entire Commonwealth.

    In the years that followed, thousands of West African slaves were shipped to the island to work on sugar plantations.

    Prince Charles last night landed in Barbados ahead of the historic ceremony which will remove his mother's symbolic power before current Governor-General Dame Sandra Mason is sworn in tomorrow as the country's first president

    Prince Charles last night landed in Barbados ahead of the historic ceremony which will remove his mother’s symbolic power before current Governor-General Dame Sandra Mason is sworn in tomorrow as the country’s first president

    Queen Elizabeth ll is greeted by the public during a walkabout in Barbados on November 01, 1977 in Barbados

    Queen Elizabeth ll is greeted by the public during a walkabout in Barbados on November 01, 1977 in Barbados

    China has pumped at least $7billion in investment into the Caribbean since 2005, レコードが示す, though the true figure - when taking into account soft loan deals and private investment - is thought to run well into the tens of billions. Showpiece projects have included a cricket stadium in Grenada, a casino and resort in the Bahamas, and acquiring Jamaica's largest port. Barbados has received around $490million worth of investment so far

    China has pumped at least $7billion in investment into the Caribbean since 2005, レコードが示す, though the true figurewhen taking into account soft loan deals and private investmentis thought to run well into the tens of billions. Showpiece projects have included a cricket stadium in Grenada, a casino and resort in the Bahamas, and acquiring Jamaica’s largest port. Barbados has received around $490million worth of investment so far

    It is estimated that between 1627 に 1807, いくつか 387,000 Africans were sent to the island against their will and the country shifted from having a majority white population of voluntary settlers to a majority black population.

    8月に 28, 1833, the British Government passed the Slavery Abolition Act, and slaves across the British Empire, including in Barbados, were granted emancipation.

    When the island became independent in 1966 – after the island was granted internal autonomy in 1961 – the Queen continued as head of state, this time at the helm of the separate monarchy of Barbados.

    Following her visit that year, Her Majesty first returned in 1977 – when she embarked on Concorde for the first time on the journey homeand again in 1985 そして 1989, with each visit being well-received by Barbadians.

    But these visits did not quell the desire among politicians and many ordinary Barbadians for the country to sever its formal ties with the English monarchy.

    The idea was formally looked at in the 1970s but it was decided that there was still not enough public support.

    The next milestone came in 1998, when a Barbados constitutional review commission recommended republican status.

    次に, に 2003, the country opted to replace the London-based Judicial Committee of the Privy Council with the Caribbean Court of Justice, located in Trinidad and Tobago’s Port of Spain, as its final appeals court.

    に 2005, legislation was passed to allow for a referendum on the shift to republicanism, but the actual vote never took place.

    に 2015, Prime Minister Freundel Stuart said ‘we have to move from a monarchical system to a republican form of government in the very near future’.

    In the last two years, republicanism has gathered pace further amid the fallout from the Black Lives Matter movement, renewed focus on the horrendous history of the slave trade, and Britain’s catastrophic handling of the Windrush scandal.

    But this month’s shift away from Britain’s monarchy has been pushed through by PM Ms Mottley and agreed by the parliament, where the politician’s Labour party controls 29 から 30 seats.

    Some politicians are opposed to the move. Verla de Peiza, 50, the leader of the country’s Democratic Labour Party, told the Daily Mail’s Robert Hardman: ‘A referendum would have been great or, 少なくとも, some sort of proper consultation.

    ‘We were promised an electoral college to discuss a new constitution. There’s been nothing of the sort.

    Dr Ronnie Yearwood, 42, a lecturer in law at the University of the West Indies, 追加: ‘There was no clamour on the streets for this.

    Queen Elizabeth II of England, 左, and Prince Philip, 正しい, are entertained by the Earl and Countess of Avon, at their house, Villa Nova, in Barbados, West Indies, February 15th 1966

    Queen Elizabeth II of England, 左, and Prince Philip, 正しい, are entertained by the Earl and Countess of Avon, at their house, Villa Nova, in Barbados, West Indies, February 15th 1966

    Britain's Queen Elizabeth II is warmly welcomed by the crowds outside the Parliament Buildings in Bridgetown, Barbados, 二月に 24, 1975

    Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II is warmly welcomed by the crowds outside the Parliament Buildings in Bridgetown, Barbados, 二月に 24, 1975

    ‘But if you criticise this process, or ask for a referendum you are accused of being anti-republic.

    ‘The government says ‘look at Brexitas if it’s a bad thing when the people have their say. This could have been a beautiful moment but it feels very flat.

    Since the decision by Mauritius to become a republic, three other nations have held votes on the subject – Australia in 1999, the Pacific state of Tuvalu in 2008 and Barbados’s Caribbean neighbour St Vincent & the Grenadines in 2009.

    On each occasion, despite pressure from politicians, the people opted to keep the Queen as head of state.

    Despite the decision by Ms Mottley to make Barbados a republic, it will remain a key part of the Commonwealth, which is headed by the Queen.

    Rihanna has ‘arrived in Barbados for the inauguration of its first presidentafter her home country decided to remove the Queen as head of state, local media claims

    By JESSICA GREEN for MailOnline Femail

    リアーナ has ‘arrived in Barbados for the inauguration of its first president’, according to local media reports.

    歌手, 33, who was born on the Caribbean island and appointed Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary by her home country’s government in 2018, is reportedly going to be among the dignitaries attending Tuesday’s ceremony.

    リアーナ (写真) has 'arrived in Barbados for the inauguration of its first president', according to local media reports

    リアーナ (写真) has ‘arrived in Barbados for the inauguration of its first president’, according to local media reports

    Barbados will become the world’s newest republic as it removes 女王 as head of state after 55 years and swears in its first president, Governor-General Dame Sandra Mason.

    Local media Kevz Politics tweeted this evening: ‘Multiple media reports indicate that Ambassador Robyn @rihanna Fenty has landed in Barbados and is listed among dignitaries to be present tonight for the Inauguration of Barbadosfirst President Dame Sandra Mason.

    MailOnline has yet to confirm whether Rihanna is in Barbados, and will attend the inauguration.

    MailOnline has contacted Rihanna’s representatives for comment.

    に 2018, Rihanna was appointed Ambassador Extraordinary & Plenipotentiary in her home country.

    Her specific responsibility in this post is to ‘promote education, tourism and investment for the island’.

    その間, プリンスチャールズ flew into the Caribbean on the ministerial jet Voyager late on Sunday night, and was greeted by a large diplomatic party led by Britain’s high commissioner to Barbados, Scott Furssedonn-Wood.

    Barbadian prime minister Mia Motley and military chiefs lined a red carpet and were introduced to the prince. Also part of the welcoming group was a Guard of Honour and military band, and a deafening 21-gun salute rang out across the Grantley Adams International Airport to mark the prince’s arrival.

    In a speech at just after midnight in Bridgetown tonight, the Prince of Wales will highlight the shared goals and enduring bonds between Barbados and the UK during a ceremony marking the Caribbean country’s transition to a republic. The Royal Standard will then be lowered and the Presidential Standard will fly from the flag pole instead.








    The prince was present during the handover of Hong Kong to China in 1997 and he represented the Queen when Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980.

    Barbados will remain a part of the Commonwealth of Nations, a organisation of former British colonies which is headed by Queen Elizabeth II. Charles will also receive the Freedom of Barbados, awarded for extraordinary service to the country, the Caribbean diaspora or to humanity at large.

    But demonstrations are also expected during the day with some Bajans demanding an apology and reparations from the monarchy and UK Government for slavery. しかしながら, there are also concerns among some of the island’s population that the issue was not put to a referendum. Barbadosconstitution allowed its political leaders to pursue independence without a vote.

    The Queen has been Barbados’s head of state since it became independent in 1966 but the issue of becoming a republic has been discussed at national level during the following decades with the process beginning in 1998. Until Tuesday, Barbados is one of the Queen’s 16 realms – countries where she is head of state – and in the Caribbean region other countries include Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, ベリーズ, Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia and St Vincent.

    Charles will also tell the nation it is ‘importantfor him to attend the event, being staged in the capital Bridgetown, to ‘reaffirm those things which do not changeas the major constitutional shift takes place.

    The heir to the throne will deliver his address just after midnight, local time, as Barbados begins a new chapter in its history on November 30 – the 55th anniversary of independence from Britain – after its first president Dame Sandra Mason is sworn in.

    Barbados’s decision to remove the Queen as head of state will be watched closely by other members of the Commonwealth especially in the Caribbean region.

    During the ceremony in National Heroes Square, Charles is expected to say: ‘As your constitutional status changes, it was important to me that I should join you to reaffirm those things which do not change.

    He will go on to give examples of the ties that will remain – ‘the close and trusted partnership between Barbados and the United Kingdom as vital members of the Commonwealthand ‘our common determination to defend the values we both cherish and to pursue the goals we share’.

    Charles is also expected to celebrate the cultural, social and economic bonds between the UK and Barbados, ‘the myriad connections between the people of our countries – through which flow admiration and affection, co-operation and opportunity – strengthening and enriching us all’.

    Barbados is following other Caribbean nations who have also dispensed with the Queen as their head of state, with Guyana becoming a republic in 1970, Trinidad and Tobago following in 1976 and Dominica two years later.

    In recent years Jamaica has also flagged it wants an elected head of state, with Prime Minister Andrew Holness saying it is a priority of his government, but has yet to achieve it.

    Charles is also expected to talk about reaffirming the friendship he has had with the island since he first visited 50 years ago and praise the invaluable contribution of the Barbadian diaspora in the UK.

    During the ceremony, service personnel will march past the prince and give their final salute to the monarchy before the Queen’s standard is lowered and the presidential flag raised.

    Barbados: The country’s colonial history

    Barbados was one of the oldest English settlements in the West Indies, being surpassed only by Saint Kitts.

    The countrieshistorical ties date back to the 17th century and involve settlement, post-colonialism and modern bilateral relations.

    Since Barbados gained its independence in 1966, the nations have continued to share ties through the Commonwealth, with the Queen as Monarch.

    The Barbadian Parliament is the third oldest in the entire Commonwealth and the island continues to practice the Westminster style of government.

    Many of the historic Anglican churches and plantation houses across the island show the influence of English architecture.

    に 1627, 80 Englishmen aboard the William and John landed on the Caribbean island and founded Jamestown (close to today’s Holetown), in the name of King James I.

    The early settlers struggled to develop a profitable export crop and faced difficulties in maintaining supplies from Europe.

    しかしながら, the Sugar Revolution, the introduction of sugar cane from Dutch Brazil, in the 1640s was highly lucrative and over the next decade more than two thirds of English emigres to the Americas went to Barbados.

    The Sugar Revolution, the introduction of sugar cane from Dutch Brazil, in the 1640s was highly lucrative but came at great social cost

    The Sugar Revolution, the introduction of sugar cane from Dutch Brazil, in the 1640s was highly lucrative but came at great social cost

    But while this shift to sugar yielded huge profits, it came at a great social cost. Thousands of West African slaves were shipped across the Atlantic to work the plantations and workers suffered from low wages and minimal social services.

    It is estimated that between 1627 に 1807, いくつか 387,000 Africans were shipped to the island against their will and the country shifted from having a majority white population to a majority black population.

    On 28th August 1833, the British Government passed the Slavery Abolition Act, and slaves across the British empire were granted emancipation.

    Barbados remained a British colony until internal autonomy was granted in 1961.

    The country became fully independent on November 30, 1966, during a time when the country’s economy was expanding and diversifying.

    それ以来, the Barbadian Parliament has remained a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, which is modeled on the British Westminster system of government.

    に 2008, British exports to Barbados stood at £38 million, making it Britain’s fourth-largest export market in the region.

    In recent years a growing number of British nationals have been relocating to Barbados to live, with polls showing that British nationals make up 75–85 per cent of the Barbados second home market.

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