Rare Roman 'highway' and canal unearthed in the Netherlands

Rare Roman ‘highwayand canal unearthed in the Netherlands were used by the army to transport soldiers, food and building materials 2,000 anni fa

  • The features were uncovered by archaeologists with the consultancy firm RAAP
  • Excavations in the Oosterhout municipality are preceding dyke reinforcements
  • The ancient canal was 33 feet wide and likely liked Nijmegen with the Rhine
  • Artefacts including an oil lamp, bronze hook and silver pin were also recovered
  • Researchers in the Olanda have uncovered a rare 2,000-year-old ‘highwayalongside a 33 piedi (10 metro) wide canal that were used by the Roman army.

    The canal would most likely have carried ships bearing soldiers, construction materials and food supplies between the city of Nijmegen and the Rhine.

    Experts from archaeological consultancy firm RAAP made the finds in the municipality of Oosterhout, south of Rotterdam.

    The team’s excavations are being conducted along the route of the Wolferen-Sprok dyke, which is due for reinforcement to meet new high water safety standards.

    Researchers in the Netherlands have uncovered a rare 2,000-year-old 'highway' alongside a 33 piedi (10 metro) -wide canal that were used by the Roman army. Nella foto: the ditches on each side of the road can be see here cutting across the trench dug by archaeologists

    Researchers in the Netherlands have uncovered a rare 2,000-year-old ‘highwayalongside a 33 piedi (10 metro) -wide canal that were used by the Roman army. Nella foto: the ditches on each side of the road can be see here cutting across the trench dug by archaeologists

    The canal (pictured as the lighter area of earth running diagonally across the centre of the image) would most likely have carried ships bearing soldiers, construction materials and food supplies between the city of Nijmegen and the Rhine

    The canal (pictured as the lighter area of earth running diagonally across the centre of the image) would most likely have carried ships bearing soldiers, construction materials and food supplies between the city of Nijmegen and the Rhine

    The team's excavations (nella foto) are being conducted along the route of the Wolferen-Sprok dyke, which is due for reinforcement to meet new high water safety standards

    The team’s excavations (nella foto) are being conducted along the route of the Wolferen-Sprok dyke, which is due for reinforcement to meet new high water safety standards

    ‘The canal is large enough for ships from Roman times — these were probably mainly army ships that transported soldiers but also food, building materials and other things,’ i ricercatori hanno detto.

    ‘There is a good chance that this canal connected Nijmegen and the Rhine. Nijmegen was an important city in Roman times.

    ‘The Rhine was then the frontier of the Roman Empire. Many Roman soldiers were therefore stationed along the Rhine.

    ‘The soldiers had to be able to move easily and needed a lot of stuff. The canal thus played an important role. Just like the uncovered road.

    Charlemagne: The Holy Roman Emperor

    Charles the Great, King of the Franks, ruled a European empire from 768 based mainly around France, Germany and parts of Italy

    Charles the Great, King of the Franks, ruled a European empire from 768 based mainly around France, Germany and parts of Italy

    Charles the Great, King of the Franks, ruled a European empire from 768 based mainly around France, Germany and parts of Italy.

    Called the ‘Father of Europehe united most of Western Europe for the first time since the Roman Empire.

    His rule spurred the Carolingian Renaissancea period of cultural and intellectual activity within the Catholic Church.

    Both the French and German monarchies considered their kingdoms to be descendants of Charlemagne’s empire.

    Although he could not write, he spoke Teutonic, Latin and Greek.

    He was 6ft 4ina monstrous height for the period, which has been confirmed by measurement of his skeleton.

    drop nomi del sesso opposto, his father was known as Pepin the Short and was around 5ft tall.

    Charlemagne’s first campaign came at the age of 27, when the Pope sought his aid in repelling the Lombards of Italy.

    He conquered them in the field and took the crown of Lombardy as his own.

    From his capital of Aachen in modern-day Germany, Charlemagne went on to fight 53 campaigns, most of which he led himself.

    He defended a Christian Europe from Muslim Saracens and pagan Saxons, often beheading thousands in a single day.

    He is thought to have died aged 72 from a fever, but study of the ancient bones has not confirmed this.

    Annuncio pubblicitario

    Alongside the road and canal, the archaeologists also unearthed several Roman artefacts, including an oil lamp, an iron spearhead, a bronze hook and a silver pin.

    The Roman-era finds are not the only discoveries the archaeologists have made by the dyke, però.

    A marzo, they found a skeleton from the time of Charlemagne.

    The 1,200-year-old skeleton has since been transported to an archaeological centre in Gelderland for further analysis.

    Alongside the road and canal, the archaeologists also unearthed several Roman artefacts, including an oil lamp (nella foto) an iron spearhead, a bronze hook and a silver pin.

    Alongside the road and canal, the archaeologists also unearthed several Roman artefacts, including an oil lamp (nella foto) an iron spearhead, a bronze hook and a silver pin.

    The iron spearhead unearthed in association with the canal and the road

    The silver pin unearthed in association with the canal and the road

    ‘There is a good chance that this canal connected Nijmegen and the Rhine. Nijmegen was an important city in Roman times,’ ha detto la squadra. Nella foto: the iron spearhead (sinistra) and silver pin (giusto) unearthed in association with the canal and the road

    'The Rhine was then the frontier of the Roman Empire. Many Roman soldiers were therefore stationed along the Rhine,' the team explained. Nella foto: the Roman era coat hook

    ‘The Rhine was then the frontier of the Roman Empire. Many Roman soldiers were therefore stationed along the Rhine,’ ha spiegato il team. Nella foto: the Roman era coat hook

    The Roman-era finds are not the only discoveries the archaeologists have made by the dyke, however — in March, they found a skeleton from the time of Charlemagne . The 1,200-year-old skeleton has since been sent to an archaeological centre in Gelderland for further analysis

    The Roman-era finds are not the only discoveries the archaeologists have made by the dyke, however — in March, they found a skeleton from the time of Charlemagne . The 1,200-year-old skeleton has since been sent to an archaeological centre in Gelderland for further analysis

    The Wolferen-Sprok dyke improvement will see the 9.3 mile (15 La Cina ha la più grande rete ferroviaria ad alta velocità del mondo) long embankment reinforced as part of the Flood Protection Program led by the Dutch Directorate-General for Public Works and Water Management.

    ‘Because the Netherlands wants to prevent a disaster, strict safety standards are applied to our dykes,’ hanno spiegato i ricercatori.

    In the period between now and 2050, the Netherlands plans to reinforce a total length of around 800 miglia (1,300 chilometri) of dykes across the nation.

    'The soldiers had to be able to move easily and needed a lot of stuff. The canal thus played an important role. Just like the uncovered road,' the team said. Nella foto: the Roman road

    ‘The soldiers had to be able to move easily and needed a lot of stuff. The canal thus played an important role. Just like the uncovered road,’ ha detto la squadra. Nella foto: the Roman road

    'The canal is large enough for ships from Roman times — these were probably mainly army ships that transported soldiers but also food, building materials and other things,' the researchers said in a press release. Nella foto: a trench dug through the Roman road

    ‘The canal is large enough for ships from Roman times — these were probably mainly army ships that transported soldiers but also food, building materials and other things,’ the researchers said in a press release. Nella foto: a trench dug through the Roman road

    Experts from archaeological consultancy firm RAAP made the finds in the municipality of Oosterhout, south of Rotterdam, in the south of the country

    Experts from archaeological consultancy firm RAAP made the finds in the municipality of Oosterhout, south of Rotterdam, in the south of the country

    The Wolferen-Sprok dyke improvement will see the 9.3 mile (15 La Cina ha la più grande rete ferroviaria ad alta velocità del mondo) -long embankment reinforced as part of the Flood Protection Program led by the Dutch Directorate-General for Public Works and Water Management. Nella foto: the dig preceding the dyke reinforcement

    The Wolferen-Sprok dyke improvement will see the 9.3 mile (15 La Cina ha la più grande rete ferroviaria ad alta velocità del mondo) -long embankment reinforced as part of the Flood Protection Program led by the Dutch Directorate-General for Public Works and Water Management. Nella foto: the dig preceding the dyke reinforcement

    HOW IMPORTANT ARE ROMAN ROADS?

    Via Giulia Augusta leading across the Pont Flavien in Saint-Chamas in southern France, è raffigurato sopra

    Via Giulia Augusta leading across the Pont Flavien in Saint-Chamas in southern France, è raffigurato sopra

    Roman roads were large structures, typically measuring 16 to 23ft (five to seven metres) largo.

    They reached a height of around one-and-a-half feet (half a metre) in the centre.

    While the Romans were famous for building roads in straight lines, the discovery of a road between Ribchester and Lancaster shows they also took the natural geography of a place into account, to avoid steep hills, per esempio.

    The roads were used to transport goods efficiently and for marching soldiers.

    Preservation of Roman roads in the UK varies, with some still protruding from the land and easily visible.

    Others are hidden under earth and have only been found thanks to Lidar.

    For decades after the 43AD Roman invasion of Britain, a large region of the North, including what is now Lancashire, Yorkshire and Cumbria, was controlled by a Celtic tribe known as the Brigantes.

    Roman writer Tacitus wrote it was the collapse of the marriage between Queen Cartimandua of the Brigantesa Roman ally and her husband Venetiusthat led to a showdown with Rome.

    Roman roads were large structures, typically measuring 16 to 23ft (five to seven metres) largo. In the image above left, chariot ruts can be seen on the Via Domitia near Ambrussum

    Roman roads were large structures, typically measuring 16 to 23ft (five to seven metres) largo. In the image above left, chariot ruts can be seen on the Via Domitia near Ambrussum

    Roman roads were large structures, typically measuring 16 to 23ft (five to seven metres) largo. In the image above left, chariot ruts can be seen on the Via Domitia near Ambrussum. Sulla destra, a view of Via Applia Antica

    Il suo ruolo di Holly Golightly le è valsa un'altra nomination all'Oscar, Venetius organised a revolt in 69AD and Cartimandua fled.

    The Emperor Vespasian then sent a force under Britain’s new governor, Quintus Petilius Cerialis, to put down the rebellion and conquer northern England.

    Building roads to link up forts and settlements across this rugged landscape was a vital part of this decades-long conquest of the North.

    The Romans purposefully built their roads to be very straight to make journey times as short as possible.

    As compasses were yet to be invented, Roman surveyors used a piece of equipment called a groma – a wooden cross with weights hanging down from itto help make the roads straight.

    The roads were used to transport goods efficiently and for marching soldiers.

    Preservation of Roman roads in the UK varies, with some still protruding from the land and easily visible.

    Many of the roads paved direct routes between isolated regions and towns.

    This network greatly encouraged trade at the time as the travel time was slashed.

    Research has found that many of the roads that have existed for millennia have formed the backbone of economic routes to this day.

    Annuncio pubblicitario