The Roman man who was boiled alive while trying to flee Vesuvius: Skeleton of ‘Last Fugitive’ who died horribly in cloud of 932F toxic gas while clutching a wooden box containing a small ring in 79AD
Extraordinary images reveal the skeletal remains of the ‘last fugitive’ who died a horrific death during the catastrophic Mount Vesuvius eruption in 79 A.D.
The remains of the man, who archeologists believe was between 40 en 45 jaar oud, were uncovered by researchers in what was once the city of Herculaneum.
Scientists believe the victim was killed just steps away from the sea as he tried to flee from the scorching magma and a cloud of ash and toxic gas.
Unusually, the man’s skeleton shows his face turned upwards, suggesting that he had faced the deadly cloud roaring towards him before his death.
‘Most of the people we’ve found her at Herculaneum were face down, but maybe he was trying to reach a boat and turned because he heard the roar of the cloud racing towards him at 100km per hour,’ Italian archeologist and site director Francesco Sirano told Die tye.
The man would have died instantly as a result of the 930 grade Fahrenheit (500C) cloud of ash and gas.
‘At 500C, the brain and blood boils and flesh evaporates, leaving the bones, which need 1,000C to burn,’ said biologist Pierpaolo Petrone.
The victim appears to have been clutching what archeologists believe was a small leather bag containing a wooden box, from which a ring can be seen protruding.
Extraordinary images reveal the skeletal remains of the ‘last fugitive’ who died a horrific death during the catastrophic Mount Vesuvius eruption in 79 A.D
The remains of the man, who archeologists believe was between 40 en 45 jaar oud, were uncovered by researchers in what was once the city of Herculaneum
Scientists believe the victim was killed just steps away from the sea as he tried to flee from the scorching magma and a cloud of ash and toxic gas
Unusually, the man’s skeleton shows his face turned upwards, suggesting that he had faced the deadly cloud roaring towards him before his death
Artist John Martin’s depiction of the eruption of Vesuvius and the destruction of Pompeii and Herculaneum
The eruption of Vesuvius on October 24, 79 AD buried Pompeii and the nearby towns of Oplontis, Stabiae and Herculaneum under ash, mud and rock fragments
The skeleton was found in October, but unveiled on Wednesday in a press conference, in the same area where the remains of more than 300 victims had sought cover with hopes of being rescued by the ship fleet of Pliny Elder were found in the 1980s.
Sirano and his team used special metal blades to slowly and carefully chip away at the lava rock that has kept the man trapped for 1,942 jare.
The man is believed to be the final victim of the eruption to be discovered as digging at the site comes to a close.
An archeologist has compared the impact of the eruption on Herculaneum to the devastation caused by the atomic bomb in Hiroshima, Japan, tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog.
‘The remains of victims here have been found in a similar condition to those of Hiroshima,’ Camardo told Die voog. ‘You really get a sense of the horror and tragedy.’
Speaking about the ring discovered in the man’s possession, archeologist Ivan Varriali said: ‘The ring is reddish, meaning iron, but there is something green inside the box which could be bronze.
‘The box looks like it was used to keep change, and if that’s all he was carrying, he may not have been rich.’
The man would have died instantly as a result of the 930 grade Fahrenheit (500C) cloud of ash and gas
Sirano and his team used special metal blades to slowly and carefully chip away at the lava rock that has kept the man trapped for 1,942 jare
The man is believed to be the final victim of the eruption to be discovered as digging at the site comes to a close
There remains much unknown about the man, dubbed the ‘last fugitive’, and how he came to be in that spot
There remains much unknown about the man, dubbed the ‘last fugitive’, and how he came to be in that spot.
‘Why wasn’t he in the shelters with the others? Maybe he was a rescuer come ashore in the boat that has been already found nearby,’ archeologist Domenico Camardo told the Times.
Some researchers believe the man could have been a fugitive or a soldier that came ashore to help rescue those trapped during the volcanic eruption.
‘[He could have been] a soldier who was perhaps setting up a launch to rescue a first group of people on the high seas,’ Sirano told ANSA.
‘Or one of the fugitives, who had moved away from the group to reach the sea hoping to be able to embark on one of the lifeboats, who knows perhaps the last and most unfortunate of a group that had managed to take off,’ Sirano added.
A close-up image shows the skeleton of the ‘last fugitive’ who was facing the cloud of ash when he died in 79 AD
A view from the Archaeological Park of Herculaneum, in Naples, Italië, op Woensdag
A view of the Last Fugitive of Herculaneum during the presentation of the discovery ‘The Last Fugitive of Herculaneum and his possessions’
Camardo said the eruption of Vesuvius hit Herculaneum differently to how it hit Pompeii.
Hy het gesê: ‘Pompeii was destroyed by a rain of ash and lapillus, which buried it by three or four metres. In plaas daarvan, Herculaneum was first destroyed by the pyroclastic cloud of a temperature of over 400 grade. It burned trees, inhabitants and other forms of life.’
The city was then hit ‘by six waves of volcanic mud that arrived like a flood and froze it under almost 20 metres of material,’ Camardo said.
‘But this flood of mud, which then hardened, allowed the conservation of all the organic relics, as oxygen was not able to filter through… so today we find things like items of food, which haven’t been found in Pompeii.’
The eruption of Vesuvius on October 24, 79 A.D. buried Pompeii and the nearby towns of Oplontis, Stabiae and Herculaneum under ash, mud and rock fragments.
It’s estimated at least 2,000 people lost their lives in the wake of the eruption.
Many of the remains from the eruption were discovered in the 1980s and 1990s, with one that experts are sure was soldier who ran into the ash and gas to rescue residents of Herculaneum.
A recent dig in May unearthed part of his armor and a knapsack filled with an assortment of small carpentry tools that suggests he may have played a more important role.
Sirano, who was also part of the May discovery, gesê: ‘He may be an officer of the fleet that took part in the rescue mission launched by Pliny the Elder to help the people in the towns and villas nestled on this part of the Bay of Naples.’
Many of the remains from the eruption were discovered in the 1980s and 1990s, with one that experts are sure was soldier who ran into the ash and gas to rescue residents of Herculaneum (op die foto)
A recent dig this year unearthed part of his armor and a knapsack filled with an assortment of small carpentry tools that suggests he may have played a more important role
Die man, dubbed skeleton number 26, was found in the ashes left behind the volcanic eruption, his face thrust into the sand and his arms bent forward as if reaching out for help.
Skeleton number 26 was uncovered near the grave of the ‘fugitive,’ but included several artifacts that suggest he was not a prisoner on the ship.
Archaeologists found a leather belt decorated with silver and gold plates around the man’s waste, which also held the hero’s sword with an ivory hilt.
He had another dagger strapped to the belt on the other side of his body.
Next to the remains sat a trove of coins splashed out on the ground – 12 silver denarri and two gold coins.
Experts say the sum amount is equal to the monthly wages of a Pretorian Guard, which was an elite unit of the Imperial Roman army.
These soldiers served as personal bodyguards to emperors, as well as intelligence for the military group.
‘The skeleton that is the protagonist of this story,’ archaeologists shared in a statement.
‘A navy soldier who came to rescue the desperate people of Herculaneum, crammed in their hundreds for hours on the beach and inside the ‘fornixes’ or storing containers which were normally used for stowing nets and fishing equipment.
‘A man who didn’t make it, he too was killed in a few devastating instants by the pyroclastic surges that swept down from Vesuvius.’
The eruption of Vesuvius in the year 79 A.D. instantly killed the inhabitants of Pompeii and neighboring Herculaneum, burying an area 12 miles from the volcano in ash in just a few hours.
The eruption of Mount Vesuvius is one of the most famous and deadly natural disasters in geskiedenis.
The volcano killed thousands of citizens in Pompeii in just 15 minute, most of who died from asphyxiation by the giant cloud of scorching volcanic ash and gases the eruption released.
The clouds are more dangerous to humans than lava because they travel faster—up to 450mph—and can reach temperatures of 1,800F.
How Pompeii and Herculaneum were wiped off the map by devastating eruption of Mount Vesuvius 2,000 jare terug
Wat het gebeur?
Die berg Vesuvius het in die jaar nC uitgebreek 79, begrawe die stede van Pompeii, Oplontis, en Stabiae onder as en rotsfragmente, en die stad Herculaneum onder 'n modderstroom.
Berg Vesuvius, aan die weskus van Italië, is die enigste aktiewe vulkaan op die vasteland van Europa en word beskou as een van die gevaarlikste vulkane ter wêreld.
Elke inwoner is onmiddellik dood toe die suidelike Italiaanse stad deur 'n pyroklastiese warm oplewing van 500 ° C getref is.
Pyroclastic-strome is 'n digte versameling warm gas en vulkaniese materiale wat teen 'n hoë spoed langs die kant van 'n vulkaan uitbreek..
Hulle is gevaarliker as lawa omdat hulle vinniger reis, teen 'n snelheid van ongeveer 450 km / u (700 km / h), en by temperature van 1 000 ° C.
'N Administrateur en digter genaamd Plinius, die jongste, het die ramp op 'n afstand sien afspeel.
Briewe wat beskryf wat hy gesien het, is in die 16de eeu gevind.
Sy skrywe dui daarop dat die uitbarsting die inwoners van Pompeii onbewus betrap het.
Die berg Vesuvius het in die jaar nC uitgebreek 79, begrawe die stede van Pompeii, Oplontis, en Stabiae onder as en rotsfragmente, en die stad Herculaneum onder 'n modderstroom
Hy het gesê dat 'n rookkolom 'soos 'n sambreel denne’ het uit die vulkaan opgestaan en die dorpe daar rondom so swart soos die nag gemaak.
Mense het met fakkels vir hul lewe gehardloop, skreeuend en sommige het gehuil terwyl reën van as en puimsteen vir 'n paar uur geval het.
Terwyl die uitbarsting ongeveer geduur het 24 ure, die eerste piroklastiese stuwings het om middernag begin, wat die vulkaan se kolom laat ineenstort het.
'N stortvloed warm as, rots en giftige gas het teen 124 km / h langs die vulkaan afgestorm (199km / h), om slagoffers en oorblyfsels van die alledaagse lewe te begrawe.
Honderde vlugtelinge wat skuil in die gewelfde arkades aan die kus in Herculaneum, clutching their jewelry and money, is onmiddellik doodgemaak.
Die tuin van die vlugtelinge (Die tuin van die Fugitives) toon die 13 liggame van slagoffers wat deur die as begrawe is toe hulle probeer het om uit Pompeii te vlug tydens die 79 AD uitbarsting van die Vesuvius-vulkaan
Terwyl mense uit Pompeii gevlug het of in hul huise weggekruip het, hul liggame was bedek deur die dekens van die oplewing.
Terwyl Plinius nie geskat het hoeveel mense gesterf het nie, die geleentheid is gesê 'uitsonderlik'’ en die aantal sterftes word vermoedelik meer as 10,000.
Wat het hulle gevind?
Hierdie gebeurtenis het die lewe van die stede beëindig, maar dit terselfdertyd bewaar totdat die argeoloë byna herontdek het 1700 jare later.
Die uitgrawing van Pompeii, die industriële spilpunt van die streek en Herculaneum, 'n klein strandoord, het ongeëwenaarde insig in die Romeinse lewe gegee.
Argeoloë ontdek voortdurend meer uit die stad wat met as bedek is.
In Mei het argeoloë 'n steeg met groot huise ontdek, met balkonne wat meestal ongeskonde gelaat is en steeds in hul oorspronklike kleure is.
'N Gips van 'n hond, uit die Huis van Orfeus, Pompeii, AD 79. Rondom 30,000 daar word geglo dat mense in die chaos gesterf het, met liggame wat tot vandag toe nog ontdek is
Sommige van die balkonne het selfs amfora's – die kegelvormige terrakottavase wat in antieke Romeinse tye gebruik is om wyn en olie in te hou.
Die ontdekking is bestempel as 'n 'nuwigheid’ – en die Italiaanse ministerie van kultuur hoop dat dit herstel kan word en vir die publiek oopgestel kan word.
Bo-winkels is selde tussen die ruïnes van die antieke stad gevind, which was destroyed by an eruption of Vesuvius volcano and buried under up to six meters of ash and volcanic rubble.
Rondom 30,000 daar word geglo dat mense in die chaos gesterf het, met liggame wat tot vandag toe nog ontdek is.