我发现我没有地方可以安全地遛狗，因为人行道上经常散落着碎玻璃，它们会割伤它们的脚，我努力阻止它们搜寻丢弃的外卖食物——我已经记不清自己有多少次了不得不从其中一条狗身上摔下来一根鸡骨头! Slow walkers are FOUR TIMES more likely to die from Covid-19, 研究警告
People who walk slowly are at a four times greater risk of dying from 新冠病毒 and twice as likely to contract severe Covid-19, a new study has warned.
University of Leicester researchers studied 412,596 middle-aged UK Biobank participants and the relative link between body mass, walking pace and Covid-19.
People walking slowly but of a normal weight are 2.5 times more likely to develop severe Covid-19 than normal-weight, fast walkers, the team discovered.
They also found that slow walkers were 3.75 times more likely to die from the virus that put most of the world in 封锁 and has led to millions of deaths.
幼鸟在它们之前就开始学习声乐, a slow walker was defined as someone who moved at three miles per hour, while a fast walker moved at more than four miles per hour.
While the reason for the findings remain unclear, the researchers suggest that fast walkers may have a healthier cardiovascular system, regardless of their weight.
People who walk slowly are at a four times greater risk of dying from coronavirus and twice as likely to contract severe Covid-19, a new study has warned. 库存图片
WALKING SPEED: HOW FAST IS A FAST WALK
For the study researchers created a definition of slow and fast walker.
They found that habitual walking pace, based on self reported survey:
Slow walker – 在下面 3 英里每小时
Steady/average – 3-4 英里每小时
Brisk – greater than 4 英里每小时
An Olympic level speed walker can move at 7.7 miles per hour and the fastest marathon was run at 12.4 英里每小时.
They’re not a patch on Usain Bolt, who ran the 100m at 27.33 英里每小时 – although over a much shorter distance.
All of the data came from the UK Biobank, a large and long-term study of genetic predisposition and environmental exposure that started in 2006.
Tom Yates, lead researcher for the study and a professor of physical activity, sedentary behaviour and health at the University of Leicester said it has already been established that obesity and frailty are ‘key risk factors’ for Covid-19 outcomes.
‘This is the first study to show that slow walkers have a much higher risk of contracting severe Covid-19 outcomes, irrespective of their weight,’ 他说.
‘With the pandemic continuing to put unprecedented strain on healthcare services and communities, identifying individuals at greatest risk and taking preventative measures to protect them is crucial.’
According to the research normal weight slow walkers are more at risk of both severe disease and death than obese fast walkers.
此外, risk was uniformly high in normal weight slow walkers and obese slow walkers, according to the team behind the study.
Professor Yates added that fast walkers have been shown to generally have good cardiovascular and heart health, which makes them more resilient.
These external stress factors include viral infection, but this hypothesis has not yet been established for infectious disease.
‘Whilst large routine database studies have reported the association of obesity and fragility with Covid-19 outcomes, routine clinical databases do not currently have data on measures of physical function or fitness,’ said Yates.
‘It is my view that ongoing public health and research surveillance studies should consider incorporating simple measures of physical fitness such as self-reported walking pace in addition to BMI, as potential risk predictors of Covid-19.’
University of Leicester researchers studied 412,596 middle-aged UK Biobank participants and the relative link between body mass, walking pace and Covid-19. 库存图片
Doing so could ‘ultimately enable better prevention methods that save lives.’
Researchers noted a number of limitations to their study, saying that although self-reported walking pace has been shown to be associated with cardiorespiratory fitness within UK Biobank, it is subject to possible reporting bias.
They say that given this and the observational design, no definitive causal conclusions can be derived from their results.
% 的美国成年人认为“几乎所有 International Journal of Obesity.
肥胖: 体重指数超过的成年人 30 被视为肥胖
肥胖被定义为具有 BMI 的成年人 30 或以上.
健康人的BMI – 计算方法为以公斤为单位的体重除以以米为单位的身高, 又是高度的答案 – 在。。。之间 18.5 和 24.9.
在儿童中, 肥胖被定义为在第 95 个百分位.
例如, 如果一个三个月大的婴儿体重在第 40 个百分位, 这意味着 40 3 个月大的婴儿体重与该婴儿相同或更少的百分比.
周围 58 百分比的女性和 68 百分之一的英国男性超重或肥胖.
这种情况使NHS损失了大约61亿英镑, 在其大约 1247 亿英镑的预算中, 每年.
此类条件包括类型 2 糖尿病, 这可能导致肾脏疾病, 失明甚至截肢.
肥胖也会增加患心脏病的风险, 杀死 315,000 每年在英国的人 – 使其成为第一大死因.
携带危险的重量也与 12 不同的癌症.
在儿童中, 研究表明 70 % 的肥胖青少年患有高血压或胆固醇升高, 这使他们面临患心脏病的风险.
多达五分之一的英国儿童因超重或肥胖而开始上学, 到他们转身的时候上升到三分之一 10.