Surfside condo investigators release video showing evidence of ‘astronomical’ corrosion and faulty rebar construction in debris of collapsed building
New video from federal investigators shows possible evidence of corrosion, faulty concrete, and dangerously packed steel reinforcement in the Champlain Towers South building’s debris.
The collapse of the residential building in Surfside, Florida, a giugno 24 ucciso 98 persone, making it one of the deadliest building failures in the country’s history.
The cause of the Champlain Towers South collapse has not been determined.
The footage released Wednesday by the US Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), shows various problems with the building’s structure as workers inspect the debris up close.
Densely packed steel reinforcement in multiple areas and an alarming amount of corrosion in one specific section where a column was connected to the foundation are visible.
Video released on Wednesday by the US Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) shows evidence of the Champlain Towers South building failures as United States Army Corps of Engineers inspect the debris
A video from the NIST shows ‘severe corrosion’ at the base of a pillar at Champlain Towers South which Dawn Lehman, professor of structural engineering at the University of Washington describes as ‘astronomical’
The footage shows workers analyzing and collecting pieces of the collapsed building’s rebar. The building was constructed with overcrowded concrete reinforcement, which hinders proper concrete placement and weakens the bond of the steel to the concrete
Shots of the footage show densely packed steel reinforcement in multiple areas and an alarming amount of corrosion at the point where the Champlain Tower South collapsed
Various elements of the building, including beams, walls and columns appear to be overcrowded with steel reinforcement, which points to potential weakness in the building’s foundation which diminished the durability of the structure
The building’s ‘powdery’ white concrete seen in the recording shows the absence of aggregate material which should appear as visible course pieces in the mixture which strengthen the concrete’s durability
‘The corrosion on the bottom of that column is astronomical,’ Dawn Lehman, professor of structural engineering at the University of Washington, detto Il Miami Herald. ‘If there’s that amount of corrosion, this should have been fixed.’
She explained that the level of corrosion should have been obvious and documented in the building’s 40-year inspection, which was taking place at the time of the collapse.
Modern building projects treat steel reinforcements to protect against corrosion but those treatments may not have been used when Champlain Tower South was built in 1982.
Lehman said the video shows multiple elements of the building, including beams, walls and columns, that appear to be overcrowded with steel reinforcement, which points to potential weaknesses in those structural elements. ‘There is no reason there should be that kind of bar congestion,’ ha affermato.
She explained that overcrowding wide-diameter steel reinforcement which is seen in the video hinders proper concrete placement and weakens the bond of the steel to the concrete. This defeats the purpose of the concrete putting uncalculated stress on the steel.
This weakening would have been intensified in places where the densely packed steel reinforcements overlapped.
Most building projects utilize a technique of overlapping steel reinforcements and wiring them together to secure against displacement when concrete is poured, called ‘lap splice.’
Structural drawings of the building show evidence of ‘lap splice’, Abieyuwa Aghayere, a Drexel University engineering researcher explained to the Herald after watching the video.
‘It’s already congested as it is,’ Aghayere said. At the splice regions, it would have been ‘even further congested,’ Egli ha detto.
Overcrowding steel reinforcement hinders proper concrete placement and weakens the bond of the steel to the concrete defeating the purpose of the concrete adding uncalculated stress on the steel
The overcrowding of the steel reinforcements was exacerbated at locations where lap splicing was used. Splicing can affect the structure’s durability
Modern building projects often use treated steel reinforcements to protect against possible corrosion, but those treatments may not have been used in 1982 when Champlain Tower South was built
The white ‘powdery’ appearance of the concrete due to the insufficient amounts of aggregate material points to the of potential saltwater damage to the beachfront property which could in turn corrode the steel reinforcements
Experts say that the level of corrosion should have been an obvious and documented issue included in the building’s 40-year inspection which was underway at the time of the collapse. Aerial footage of the building shows the damage of the collapse on June 24
Rescue and recovery workers had spent nearly four weeks combing through and removing the rubble of the building. It is pictured on June 24 the day of its collapse
NIST urged the public to submit any information, including videos, photos or other documentation, that might help the investigation
The American Concrete Institute (ACI) has an established steel-to concrete ratio for columns to prevent air pockets and the weakening of the bond to the steel reinforcements, which can be an issue when concrete is poured too closely to the steel reinforcements.
The maximum steel-to-concrete ratio is provided to prevent the concrete from compressing and failing to maintain it’s structure.
Investigations conducted by the Herald, Il Washington Post, e giornale di Wall Street all concluded that several of the columns were found to be too narrow to accommodate the designated steel reinforcements. The narrow columns were located under the section of the tower’s deadly collapse.
Aghayere also cited the ‘powdery’ white substance of the concrete seen in the video.
‘The white color just stuns me,’ Aghayere said, explaining that stone-like aggregates typically used to reinforce the concrete should remain visible. ‘It doesn’t look like normal concrete to me. Cosa sta succedendo?’
The absence of the aggregate material mixed into the concrete drastically reduces the durability of concrete and can cause saltwater damage to the beachfront building.
The video was released along with the announcement of the NIST investigation team that will lead the investigation of the deadly disaster to determine the technical cause of the collapse and suggest
Judith Mitrani-Reiser will lead the NIST investigation to direct the collection and preservation of the debris in order to piece together and pinpoint the building’s failure and make recommendations to improve building codes, standards, and practice
‘We are trying to understand how the building failed. We would like to reconstruct this failure and in order to do that we need as much information as possible,’ Mitrani-Reiser said as she explained her team’s purpose
NIST has conducted four previous investigations with the power granted to it by the National Construction Safety Team (NCST) Act of 2002.
Sotto la legge, the NIST can take control from the local authorities to lead investigations into major building failures in the US.
The law grants the federal team primary access to investigate the site of a building disaster, access key pieces of evidence, and collect and preserve evidence from the site. It can determine the technical cause of the collapse and make recommendations to improve building codes, standards, and practices guided by findings to improve the structural safety in general.
It cannot determine whether there was a criminal act or violations of a federal requirements, or state or local codes. It does not determine any associated culpability; that is determined in court.
The NIST video introduces the department’s investigative lead, Judith Mitrani-Reiser.
The engineer announced that the team that will conduct a five-pronged investigation of the disaster. ‘We are trying to understand how the building failed. We would like to reconstruct this failure and in order to do that we need as much information as possible,’ lei disse.
The collapse of the building in Surfside, Florida on June 24 ucciso 98 people becoming on the deadliest building failures in the country’s history. A victim’s relative places flowers at the makeshift memorial where the partially collapsed Champlain Towers South building stood Aug. 24
The cause of the Champlain Towers South collapse has not yet been determined. A victim’s relatives mourn at the site of the deadly collapse on the one month anniversary of the horrific tragedy, Ago. 24
While several dozen individual lawsuits have been filed regarding the building’s collapse, Circuit Judge Michael Hanzman has begun pooling them together and appointing 12 law firms to run litigation proceedings.
Once these first steps have been completed, individual lawsuits will be heard.
Brad Sohn, one of the plaintiffs’ court appointed attorneys, detto DailyMail.com ‘As attorneys for the victims we are closely monitoring all of the wide-ranging potential causes being investigated following the Surfside tragedy. We have also undertaken to do so ourselves and are working as fast as we possibly can on this front, looking everywhere we can for answers.’
As the courts work to decipher who will be held responsible for one the collapse, several other buildings in Miami have been evacuated, deemed ‘unsafe structures.’
Miami Dade County officials are inspecting 501 edifici – every one in their jurisdiction that is 40 years or older- to make sure none are compromised like the Champlain Towers. There is currently no state law in Florida that requires high rise buildings to be inspected regularly.
The city of Miami currently has 2,439 buildings on its unsafe structure list, according to city data. While the Champlain Towers site is part of Miami-Dade County, it is not part of the city of Miami.
A timeline of the tragic Surfside building collapse that left nearly 100 persone morte, including Miami-Dade fireman Enrique Arango’s 7-year-old daughter Estella