何Covid? パンデミックにほとんど触れられていない孤立したイギリスの島

COVID? 何Covid? どのように孤立した英国の島 – 位置 6,000 火山の頂上にある大西洋の何マイルも離れたところ – hasn’t recorded a SINGLE case during the pandemic

  • Tristan da Cunha is a UK overseas territory in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean
  • Home to some 250 people the island has almost escaped the Covid unscathed
  • Territory only accessible via week-long boat ride from Cape Town in South Africa
  • The UK is entering its fifth Covid wave, and while the effect on hospitals and loss of life has been reduced with every surge of the virus, many experts still expect the latest rise to cause disruption to the economy.

    But there is a little-known sliver of British territory that has yet to endure a single case of the virus, never mind a full-blown wave.

    While the rest of the world is still reeling from the effects of lockdowns and mask-mandates, the past two years have been almost business as usual for the 250 residents on Tristan da Cunha — a remote group of volcanic islands in the south Atlantic Ocean.

    Located 6,140miles away, the British overseas territory is only accessible via a week-long boat ride from Cape Town in 南アフリカ by infrequently passing fishing and research vessels.

    Not a single Covid case has reached its shores due to the length of the trip, and boats were turned around if anyone on-board was suspected of even carrying the virus.

    The island was able to get vaccines shipped in by the British Government, though these had to be more traditional Oxford/AstraZeneca jabs as the mRNA vaccines made by Pfizer and Moderna had to be kept in ultracold temperatures and would not have survived the trip.

    Located in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, Tristan da Cunha is the most isolated inhabited island on Earth a factor that has worked to its advantage during the Covid pandemic. The island is pictured here as an albatrosses soars by

    Located in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, Tristan da Cunha is the most isolated inhabited island on Earth a factor that has worked to its advantage during the Covid pandemic. The island is pictured here as an albatrosses soars by

    Tristan da Cunha is a British overseas territory located 6,140miles from London

    Tristan da Cunha is a British overseas territory located 6,140miles from London

    Islanders went out on a boat to pick up Covid vaccines that were shipped specially to the island

    Islanders went out on a boat to pick up Covid vaccines that were shipped specially to the island

    The vaccines being lowered down from the HMS Forth. The jabs had to be of the Oxford/AstraZeneca make as these were the only ones that could survive the trip

    The vaccines being lowered down from the HMS Forth. The jabs had to be of the Oxford/AstraZeneca make as these were the only ones that could survive the trip

    How Britain’s Overseas Territories have fared in the Covid pandemic?

    ノート: Some British Overseas territories are military bases where Covid data has not been made publicly available

    アンギラ (ケンジントン宮殿はコメントを控えた)

    Total Covid cases: 3,456

    Deaths: 9

    報告書によると、受託者は「関心のある資産と事業を特定した」とのことです。 (North Atlantic)

    Total Covid cases: 15,957

    Deaths: 138

    British Antarctic Territory (Antarctica)

    Total Covid cases: 0

    Deaths: 0

    しかし、彼が飛行機に搭乗したかどうかはすぐにはわかりませんでした (ケンジントン宮殿はコメントを控えた)

    Total Covid cases: 6,941

    Deaths: 63

    British Indian Ocean Territory (Indian Ocean)

    Total Covid cases: 0

    Deaths: 0

    しかし、彼が飛行機に搭乗したかどうかはすぐにはわかりませんでした (ケンジントン宮殿はコメントを控えた)

    Total Covid cases: 27,171

    Deaths: 28

    しかし、彼が飛行機に搭乗したかどうかはすぐにはわかりませんでした (South Atlantic Ocean)

    Total Covid cases: 1,807

    Deaths: 0

    ジブラルタル (ブリンケンは、会議がラブロフと進めば)

    Total Covid cases: 19,306

    Deaths: 104

    しかし、彼が飛行機に搭乗したかどうかはすぐにはわかりませんでした (ケンジントン宮殿はコメントを控えた)

    Total Covid cases: 1,016

    Deaths: 8

    Pitcairn, ヘンダーソン, Ducie and Oeno Islands (Pacific Ocean)

    Total Covid cases: 0

    Deaths: 0

    Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (South Atlantic Ocean)

    Total Covid cases: 4

    Deaths: 0

    South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (South Atlantic Ocean)

    Total Covid cases: 0

    Deaths: 0

    Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia (真の税率はすぐには利用できませんでした)

    Total Covid cases: 0

    Deaths: 0

    Turks and Caicos Islands (North Atlantic Ocean)

    Total Covid cases: 6,211

    Deaths: 36

    広告

    Stephen Townsend, one of the two joint administrators of Tristan da Cunha, told MailOnline about the islandersexperience of the pandemic.

    ‘As a result of all our precautions, which have kept the island Covid-free, we were able to celebrate Christmas and New Year more or less as normal,’ 彼は言った.

    Mr Townsend said with limited health facilities and an ageing population, they had a great deal to fear from Covid.

    ‘We only have a small medical centre on the island. We do not have an ICU or any ventilators,’ 彼は言った.

    ‘The population here is relatively elderly, with a number of underlying health complaints. So we have to be very careful.

    Only five families — consisting of 218 individuals — are considered to be resident to the island, [object Window] 30 people living there as expatriate workers and their families, including doctors, 看護師と教師.

    The main settlement of the island is Edinburgh of the Seven Seas, which was resettled in 1963 following an island-wide evacuation two years prior because of a volcanic eruption.

    今日まで, the island does not allow visitors and any returning islanders or workers must be fully vaccinated to be allowed entry into Tristan da Cunha.

    They are also required to isolate in an approved Cape Town hotel for 10 days before taking a PCR test prior to departure.

    The week-long voyage to the island has also worked in the islandersfavour because potentially Covid-infected passengers would, 理論的には, develop symptoms during the trip and could then be denied entry or quarantined on the island while being tested.

    Tristan da Cunha has only had one major Covid scare, 7月に 2021, when passengers on a supply ship to the island on the fishing vessel MFV Edinburgh began feeling unwell.

    They were tested for Covid and ‘severalcame back positive.

    Mr Townsend said the islanders decided to allow passengers who tested negative onto the island but, as a precaution, they imposed the island’s sole lockdown.

    ‘The community decided that they should go into lockdown for 10 日々,’ 彼は言った.

    ‘The offices, shop and school were shut and people stayed in their houses except for one hour a day to feed their livestock and exercise their dogs.

    ‘Essential supplies were delivered from the shop to their houses.

    後 10 days all passengers who had come ashore were re-tested and were negative for the virus, with life in the settlement returning to life as normal.

    3月 2020, Tristan da Cunha — where half the population are over the age of 50 — adopted a strict isolation policy, only allowing returning residents and key staff to disembark onto the island.

    Mr Townsend said the lockdown had been an important learning experience for the island on how it could potentially handle such an event in the future.

    He also said that while there had been some breaches, lockdown rules were largely followed.

    しかしながら, while the island’s isolation helped protect from the virus that has ravaged the world, its remoteness worked against it in terms of vaccination.

    A Tristan da Cunha resident receiving an Oxford/AstraZeneca Covid vaccine in April last year.

    A Tristan da Cunha resident receiving an Oxford/AstraZeneca Covid vaccine in April last year.

    Members of the Tristan da Cunha's elderly population lining up to get their Covid vaccines

    Members of the Tristan da Cunha’s elderly population lining up to get their Covid vaccines

    MRNA Covid jabs, like those made by Pfizer and Moderna, needed to be kept in -80 to -60C temperatures to remain viable.

    Keeping jabs at this low of a temperature for the entire voyage to Tristan da Cunha was impossible.

    幸いにも, the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine, which used a more traditional vaccine technology, only needed to kept at 8C, so this was the jab used on the island.

    だが, Mr Townsend said the logistical challenge of getting the Oxford/AstraZeneca was still immense.

    The jabs had to be flown out to the Falkland Islands and then shipped by a Royal Navy vessel HMS Forth in specially designed fridges to Tristan da Cunha, arriving in April 2021.

    Mr Townsend added: ‘We are very grateful to UK Health Security Agency, the Foreign, 連邦開発局 (FCDO) and the Ministry of Defence and everyone involved for their help in getting the vaccines to the island.

    ‘You can imagine what a morale boost it was.

    He also said vaccine uptake among islanders was high, と 95 per cent of adults having two Covid jabs, with the remainder not doing so for medical reasons.

    At the time the vaccines were delivered, transport minister Wendy Morton said the UK was committed to providing Covid jabs to its overseas territories.

    The transport of vaccines to the ends of the earth shows our clear commitment to the people who live and work in the UK’s Overseas Territories,’ 彼女は言いました.

    ‘This has been an enormous logistical effort, of which the UK can be proud.

    Mr Townsend said Tristan da Cunha is still waiting for a round of Covid boosters to help ensure the island’s population has the best protection from the Omicron strain and its subvariants.

    Tristan da Cunha is famed for its wildlife, such as this rockhopper penguin

    Tristan da Cunha is famed for its wildlife, such as this rockhopper penguin

    Covid infections have nearly doubled in a fortnight in England, rising to about 1.4million in the latest week

    Covid infections have nearly doubled in a fortnight in England, rising to about 1.4million in the latest week

    He said another major challenge of the pandemic had been the supply of food, which usually arrived by ship.

    ‘There was a five-month period when the island had no imports of fresh fruit and vegetables,’ 彼は言った.

    しかしながら, he said the islanders had risen to the challenge and launched a hydroponics greenhouse last year to shore up their food supplies in the future.

    This resilience is a defining feature of the inhabitants of the most isolated settlement on Earth, Mr Townsend added.

    ‘Tristanians are resilient. The main disruption has been in the number of Tristanians travelling to South Africa – it is now only for people needing medical treatment that they cannot get on the island,’ 彼は言った.

    He also said the island’s population was closely monitoring the Covid situation in the UK and wished mainland Britons all the best.

    Covid infections have nearly doubled in a fortnight in England and more than 1,000 patients now being admitted with the virus each day.

    The UK Government has said it will monitor the situation ‘very quicklybut insists it does not plan to reintroduce restrictions.

    Ministers and their advisers have taken confidence from the fact only a fraction of Covid patients are primarily admitted because they are unwell due to the virus.

    Separate figures show just 20 Britons are dying from the virus each day now.